Chapter 14 Coming Apart: Separation and Divorce. Chapter Outline Measuring Divorce: How Do We Know...

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Chapter 14 Coming Apart: Separation and Divorce

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Transcript of Chapter 14 Coming Apart: Separation and Divorce. Chapter Outline Measuring Divorce: How Do We Know...

  • Slide 1
  • Chapter 14 Coming Apart: Separation and Divorce
  • Slide 2
  • Chapter Outline Measuring Divorce: How Do We Know How Much Divorce There Is? Divorce Trends in the United States Factors Affecting Divorce The Stations of the Divorce Process
  • Slide 3
  • Chapter Outline Marital Separation Children and Divorce Child Custody Divorce Mediation What to Do About Divorce
  • Slide 4
  • Measuring Divorce Ratio measure of divorces to marriages In 1998, there were 1,135,000 divorces and 2,256,000 marriagesa ratio of 1 divorce for every 1.98 marriages.
  • Slide 5
  • Measuring Divorce Crude divorce rate Number of divorces in a given year for every 1,000 people in the population. In 2002, there were 4.0 divorces for every 1,000 Americans.
  • Slide 6
  • Measuring Divorce Refined divorce rate The number of divorces that occur in a given year for every 1,000 marriages. In 1998, the refined rate was 19 to 20 divorces per 1,000 married women, meaning 2% of marriages ended in divorce.
  • Slide 7
  • Measuring Divorce Predictive divorce rate Allows researchers to estimate how many new marriages will likely end in divorce. The prevailing estimate is between 40 and 50% of marriages entered into this year are likely to become divorces.
  • Slide 8
  • Marriage Through the 20th Century and Beyond YearNumberRate Per 1,000 1900709,0009.3 19201,274,47612.0 19401,595,87912.1 19601,523,0008.5 19802,406,70810.6 19952,336,0008.9 20012,327,0008.4
  • Slide 9
  • Divorce Through the 20th Century and Beyond YearNumberRate Per 1,000 Married women 190055,7513 1920170,5068 1940264,0009 1960393,0009.2 19801,189,00022.6 19951,169,00019.8 2001NA
  • Slide 10
  • International Variation in Refined Divorce Rate Divorces per 1,000 married women Country198019901995 United States232120 Canada1011 France689 Japan566 Sweden111214 United Kingdom1213
  • Slide 11
  • Stations of Divorce Emotional Legal Economic Co-parental Community Psychic
  • Slide 12
  • Uncoupling The process by which couples drift apart in predictable stages. The initiator voices complaints and begins to think of alternatives. Eventually the initiator ends the relationship. Uncoupling ends when both partners acknowledge the relationship cannot be saved.
  • Slide 13
  • Separation Distress Affected by: Whether there was forewarning of the separation. The length of time married. Who took the initiative in leaving. Whether someone new is found. Available resources.
  • Slide 14
  • Dating Again Dating is important for separated or divorced people. The greatest social problem is meeting other unmarried people. Dating is a formal statement of the end of a marriage and permits individuals to enhance their self-esteem.
  • Slide 15
  • Economic Consequences of Divorce Women generally experience dramatic downward mobility after divorce. Economic consequences include: Impoverishment of women Changed female employment patterns Very limited child support and alimony
  • Slide 16
  • Stages of Children in Divorce Initial stage - Lasts about a year, when turmoil is greatest. Transition stage - Lasts several years, in which adjustments are made to new family arrangements. Restabilization stage - When changes have been integrated into the childrens lives.
  • Slide 17
  • Childrens Developmental Tasks When Parents Divorce Acknowledging parental separation Disengaging from parental conflicts Resolving loss Resolving anger and self-blame Accepting the finality of divorce Achieving realistic expectations for later relationship success
  • Slide 18
  • Childs Adjustment to Divorce: Factors Open discussion prior to divorce Continued involvement with noncustodial parent Lack of hostility between divorced parents
  • Slide 19
  • Childs Adjustment to Divorce: Factors Good psychological adjustment to divorce by custodial parent Stable living situation and good parenting skills. Continued involvement with the children by both parents
  • Slide 20
  • Child Custody Generally based on one of 2 standards: The best interests of the child The least detrimental of the available alternatives. The major types of custody are sole, joint, and split.
  • Slide 21
  • Noncustodial Parents Often feel deeply grieved about the loss of their normal parenting role. As a result of custody disputes, as many as 350,000 children are stolen from custodial parents each year. Most are returned home within a week.