Botanical Gardens Restoration Project

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  • Environmental Management Services Limited 1999. This document and its contents is the property of EnvironmentalManagement Services Limited. Any unauthorised employment or reproduction, in full or in part, is forbidden.

  • Environmental Management Services Limited 1999. This document and its contents is the property of EnvironmentalManagement Services Limited. Any unauthorised employment or reproduction, in full or in part, is forbidden.

    NAPIER CITY COUNCILNAPIER BOTANICAL GARDENS

    RESTORATION PROJECT

    Prepared forNapier City CouncilPrivate Bag 6010

    Napier

    June 2000

    Prepared byEnvironmental Management Services Limited

    P.O. Box 149NAPIER

  • NAPIER BOTANICAL GARDENS (i)RESTORATION PROJECT

    Environmental Management Services June 2000

    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    1 INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................1

    2 HISTORICAL FRAMEWORK ........................................................................2

    2.1 The History of Botanical Gardens .............................................................2

    2.2 History of the Napier Botanical Gardens ....................................................3

    2.3 Archaeology ..........................................................................................5

    3 THE NAPIER BOTANICAL GARDENS RESTORATION PROJECT .......................6

    3.1 Napier Botanical Gardens Mission Statement .............................................6

    3.2 Objectives of Napier Botanical Gardens .....................................................6

    3.3 The Royal Tasmanian Botanical Gardens: A Working Example ......................7

    4 RESTORATION RECOMMENDATIONS..........................................................8

    4.1 General Approach...................................................................................8

    4.2 General Maintenance and Upgrade Recommendations .................................94.2.1 Boundary Fence.............................................................................10

    4.2.1.1 Military Track.............................................................................104.2.2 Pathway Resurfacing......................................................................11

    4.3 Irrigation .............................................................................................12

    4.4 Water Reticulation................................................................................12

    4.5 Signage Recommendations ....................................................................12

    4.6 Parking ...............................................................................................14

    5 PROPOSED RESTORATION SOLUTIONS.....................................................15

    Plan of Designated Areas ................................................................................15

    5.2 Plant Conservation Section....................................................................165.2.1 New Zealands Nationally Threatened Vascular Plants ........................165.2.2 Diverse Uses for New Zealand Native Plants .....................................17

    5.3 International Sections ...........................................................................185.3.1 Chinese / Tibetan / Himalayan Section..............................................195.3.2 Mediterranean ...............................................................................195.3.3 South African................................................................................195.3.4 Cycads, Palms and Succulents ........................................................20

  • NAPIER BOTANICAL GARDENS (ii)RESTORATION PROJECT

    Environmental Management Services June 2000

    5.3.5 South America / Mexico .................................................................215.3.6 Australian .....................................................................................215.3.7 Fernery & Water Garden .................................................................21

    6 DETAIL DESIGN AREAS ...........................................................................23

    6.1 Historical Rose Garden..........................................................................23

    6.2 Free Flight Aviary .................................................................................23

    6.3 Japanese Gardens ................................................................................246.3.1 Japanese Hilltop Garden .................................................................25

    6.4 Oriental Water Garden ..........................................................................256.4.1 Signatures of Oriental Gardens ........................................................25

    6.4.1.1 Natural Materials......................................................................266.4.1.2 Man-made Materials .................................................................26

    6.4.2 The Willow Pattern Story................................................................276.4.3 Willow Pattern Garden Restoration...................................................276.4.4 Lower Garden Oriental Water Feature...............................................29

    6.5 Sensory Garden Area............................................................................316.5.1 The Sensory Garden.......................................................................316.5.2 The Main Hilltop Entrance ...............................................................316.5.3 The Apothecary Garden..................................................................326.5.4 The Wedding Garden......................................................................33

    6.6 The Childrens Garden ..........................................................................336.6.1 The Childrens Garden Maze............................................................33

    6.7 Terrace Gardens...................................................................................35

    6.8 Information and Service Area.................................................................36

    7 REFERENCES ..........................................................................................39

    APPENDIX 1 Historical Photos of Napier Botanical GardensAPPENDIX 2 Department of Conservation Letters to Napier City CouncilAPPENDIX 3 Recommended Plant SpeciesAPPENDIX 4 Detail Design PlansAPPENDIX 5 Cost Estimates and Priorities List

  • NAPIER BOTANICAL GARDENS (1)RESTORATION PROJECT

    Environmental Management Services June 2000

    1 Introduction

    The Napier Botanical Gardens are located between Spenser Road, Napier Terrace, andNapiers oldest cemetery on the crest of Napier Hill. Current perception is that the BotanicalGardens are substantially under utilised, due in part to the slow degradation of the Gardensover the last half century.

    The overall intent of this project is to bring the Napier Botanical Gardens up to aninternationally recognised standard for Botanical Gardens, and to encourage the public backinto the Gardens.

    The primary objectives for this revitalisation project are to:

    Restore the Napier Botanical Gardens recognising its historical integrity and publicamenity value.

    Refocus the internal structure of the Gardens to accommodate a New ZealandConservation Section.

    Identify the best areas within the existing structure of the Gardens for international plantcollections.

    Environmental Management Services Ltd has been asked by Napier City Council to assist indeveloping a comprehensive concept design and associated recommendations for all areaswithin the Napier Botanical Gardens. The project has been undertaken in close co-operationand consultation with personnel from the Councils Reserves and Works Divisions.

    This report:

    Discusses the historical context of the Botanical Gardens

    Outlines a Mission Statement and Objectives

    Provides general restoration recommendations

    Identifies restoration solutions for designated sections of the Gardens

    Provides detailed designs for feature areas within the Gardens.

    Recommendations based on the commissioned plans and report by EnvironmentalManagement Services Ltd will identify the appropriate staging of works and the budgetexpenditure estimate for each stage.

  • NAPIER BOTANICAL GARDENS (2)RESTORATION PROJECT

    Environmental Management Services June 2000

    2 Historical Framework

    2.1 The History of Botanical Gardens

    Botanical Gardens have been sources of city pride and admiration for hundreds of years.Traditionally encyclopaedic in their scope Botanical Gardens were established in an attemptto record and display recognised plant diversity. Contemporary botanical gardens face thechallenges not only of acting as an essential resource for botanical and horticulturalresearch, but also of playing a fundamental role in plant conservation and public education.

    A botanical garden can be defined as An ordered and catalogued collection of plantsassembled primarily for scientific and educational purposes; although within this vaguedefinition many types of institution can be included, ranging from a science research stationto a public park. (The Garden, Edited by Howard Luxton, 1991).

    Luxton, 1991, also describes how, Botanical gardens originated through the passing on ofbotanical knowledge among the monasteries. Both monastic and domestic gardens raised avariety of useful medicinal herbs and the study of medicine plants was at the heart of the newbotanical gardens, born of the Renaissance. The first two modern botanical gardens, Pisaand Padua in Italy, were effectively t