Appendicular Skeleton, and Joints

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Lab # 5. Appendicular Skeleton, and Joints. The Knee Joint. TYPES OF JOINTS. (Martini, pages 267-268) . 1- Synarthrotic (fibrous). They are non-movable. They have no joint cavity or capsule. Articulating bones are held together by fibrous tissue. Ex: sutures and syndesmoses. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Appendicular Skeleton, and JointsLab # 5

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The Knee JointTYPES OF JOINTS1- Synarthrotic (fibrous)2- Amphiarthrotic (cartilaginous)3- Diarthrotic or SynovialThey are non-movable. They have no joint cavity or capsule. Articulating bones are held together by fibrous tissue. Ex: sutures and syndesmosesThey are slightly movable. They have no joint cavity or capsule. Bones are held together by cartilage and ligaments. Ex: Symphyses pubisThey are freely movable. Articulating bones are covering by a thin layer of articulating cartilage. The bones are joined by a fibrous capsule lined by a synovial membrane, and by ligaments (Martini, pages 267-268) 19

Plane jointTypes of Synovial Joints20

Types of Synovial Joints Condyloid joint21

The Knee JointFemurTibiaPatellaTibiofemoral jointFemoropatellar joint-22

Tendon of the quadricepsPatellar ligamentSynovial cavity23

Quadriceps femoris muscleTendon of quadricepsPatellar ligamentMedialpatellar retinaculumpatellar retinaculumLateralcollateral ligamentcollateral ligamentTibialFibular24

Tendon of quadricepsPatellar ligamentTibial collateral ligamentFibular collateral ligamentcondylecondyleLateralMedialcruciate ligamentcruciate ligamentAnteriorPosteriormeniscusmeniscusLateralMedial25