Appendicular Skeleton(12.03.08)

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Transcript of Appendicular Skeleton(12.03.08)

  • SISTEM MUSKULO-SKELETAL2. APPENDICULAR SKELETONKOD: MAAP 1113

  • 3. Pelvic Girdle2. Upper Limb1. Pectoral Girdle4. Lower LimbAPPENDICULAR SKELETON

  • PECTORAL GIRDLE Scapula

    Clavicle

  • ClavicleTulang panjang

    Bersambung pada manubrium (sternum) - sternal extremity - sendi sternoclavicular

    Bersambung pada skapula- acromial extremitySuperiorInferior

  • ScapulaTulang leper-segi tiga Posisi- posterolateral ribs cage

  • ScapulaAnteriorPosterior Glenoid cavity- humerus

    Acromion process- clavicle

    Coracoid process-memberi perlekatan pada otot bahu

  • UPPER LIMB Humerus Radius Ulna Carpals Metacarpals Phalanges

  • HUMERUS Head- glenoid cavity (scapula) Greater dan lesser tubercle- tempat perlekatan otot bahu. Intertubercular groove- lekuk diantara greater dan lesser tubercle- Tempat perlekatan tendon otot biceps Distal-permukaan articulates- ulna dan radius

  • RADIUS & ULNA Tulang lengan Elbow joint humerus Wrist joint pergelangan tangan (carpal bones) Radioulnar joints- antara radius dan ulna

  • WRIST AND HAND

  • CARPAL 8 tulang carpal- 2 barisan Proximal Scapoid -Lunate -Triquetral -Pisiform Distal -Trapezium -Trapezoid -Capitate -Hamate

  • METACARPAL5 tulang metacarpal (I-V)Posisi- Proximal- carpal - Distal- phalanges

  • PHALANGES14 tulang phalanxIbu jari- 2 (proximal dan distal)Jari lain- 3 (proximal, middle dan distal)

  • PELVIC GIRDLE

  • PELVIC GIRDLE Terdiri daripada: 2 innominate bones 1 sacrum Acetabulum- hip joint- femur

  • PELVIC GIRDLEInnominate bones Ilium tulang leper - sacroiliac joint Ischium- inferior dan posterior Pubis- anterior -symphysis pubis

  • Brim of Pelvis

  • LOWER LIMB

  • FEMURTerpanjang dan terkuatHead- hampir sfera - acetabulumArticular condyle- tempat percantuman tibia dan patella- knee joint

  • TIBIA Proximal- luas dan leper- 2 condyle (lateral dan medial) tibiofibula joint knee jointDistal-ankle joint-talus dan fibulaMedial bone

  • FIBULALateral boneProximal head-lateral condyle tibiaDistal- lateral malleous -tibia

  • PATELLABerbentuk segi tigaKnee jointPosterior- permukaan patella pada femurAnterior- patellar tendon

  • FOOT

  • TARSALTerdiri daripada 7 tulang tarsal

  • METATARSALTerdiri daripada 5 tulang metatarsal (I-V)

  • PHALANGES14 tulang phalanx

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