Anth1 Method & Theory

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  • 1. Method & Theory in Cultural Anthropology Intro to Cultural Anthropology Prof. J. Fortier

2. Ethnography

  • Writing after having done fieldwork
  • Distinctive to cultural anthropology
  • Part of early Anthro traditions

Lizette Mu oz & Prof. Fortier talking with Quechua farmer 3. Ethnographic Techniques: Participant Observation

  • Participate in activities
  • Observe behaviors

Learning about Wild Yams from Banraji community in India 4. Conversation & Interviewing

  • Structured questionnaire
  • Non-random samples
  • Check validity
  • Quantitative & qualitative questions

Sam Brown, Kumeyaay Elder During interview about Cuyamaca Area memories & places 5. Kinship or Genealogical Interviews

  • Kinship charting
  • Basic to most ethnographic studies
  • Kin links reflect social & political structures of many societies

6. Key Cultural Consultants

  • Often elders
  • Wise, knowledgeable
  • Loquacious
  • Key informants
  • experienced

Raute elder from Nepal, a key cultural consultant 7. Life Histories

  • Good way to get longer view of cultural changes
  • Record distinctive peoples biographies
  • Personal standpoints are recorded

Life histories of two elders,focusing on how their senseshave contributed to being Yolmo 8. Local knowledge & beliefs

  • Ethnographies recordemicviews
    • Local, insiders, native, experiential
  • Other studies can recordeticviews
    • Scientific, comparative, non-experiential

Shamanic knowledge involves altered states of consciousness 9. Problem-oriented ethnography

  • What is the research question?
  • What problem or issue is to be studied?
  • Are there rapid assessment techniques?
  • Consulting archives?
  • Whose problems are solved?
  • Ethnical issues?

Video ethnography enhances design studio clients needs 10. Longitudinal Research

  • Long-term study of a community
  • Based on repeated visits over many years
  • Repeated collection of censuses, quantitative data
  • Allows for different research questions

Chronicles the importance of knowledgein the ability of people to reproducethemselves and their practices over time 11. Team Research in Ethnography

  • Animal Husbandry & butchery of animals
  • Marriage, sex, and gender in Mayan families
  • Life History of a Pist woman
  • Religion and local protestant churches
  • TESL classroom experiences
  • Student success in Mayan families
  • Production of local Maya art
  • History of families working at the archaeological zone of Chichn Itza
  • Ideas about Race among Youth (The Open School ofEthnography & Anthropology) 12. Contemporary Ethnographies

  • Attention to scales of culture and place
  • Older ethnographies focus on distinct ethnic groups, villages, or cultures
  • Contemporary ethnogs select distinct aspects of these

Tourism & folk dance in M rida, Yucatan, Mexico; 13. Ethnography & Survey Research

  • Studies sample popn
  • Little personal contact
  • Uses small # of variables
  • Used in writing-based, literate societies
  • Codes answers for statistical analysis
  • Holistic: Studies whole communities
  • First-hand, direct research experience
  • Often carried out in small-scale societies
  • Emph. On description, qualitative research

14. Ethnography:Mix of Methods

  • Quantitative & qualitative
  • Long-term w/ short-term follow-ups
  • Collaborative research
  • Bifocal - viewing local and global effects on people

The Karki family, key cultural consultants In Nepal