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Transcript of Ancient China
Ancient ChinaBy: Raisa LongworthTaylor CraigAnd Brandon Kowk
LandformsThe Ancient Chinese culture began among hills, valleys and rich fertile plains. China is the third biggest country in the world.
Mountainous areas with high or flat areas called plateaus and deserts on the west. These helped the development of China.
They built a barrier that made contact between Chinese and other civilization on the west difficult. The high mountains and deserts made travel between Ancient China and other places hard.
FoodIn the northern part of China, cereals and wheat were grown because it was cooler and dryer.
In southern China where it was hotter, rice was grown.
Rice was eaten in all of the other regions.
Wealthier Chinese ate more meat and had a larger variety of food in there diet. Herbs and spices were used to create flavors that were sweet, sour, spicy, or salty. Cinnamon, ginger, garlic, salt, sugar, honey and soy sauce were used to season food. Ancient Chinese were tea drinkers. They also drank water with honey, ginger and fruit juices.
GovernmentThe Chinese Empire was ruled by rights of birth. A dynasty is a series of kings or emperors who come from the same family. A huge number of public officials were paid to manage the day to day running of empire. The empire gave out a lot of the land to rich families who agreed to rule on the kings side.
The Qin dynasty which was the central government in China was located it in one city, Changan. It was important to have a powerful central government in China, to protect the country from attack and to fight invasions. The Qin dynasty and Zhou dynasty built the Great Wall of China along the edge of their territory to keep people out.
The Emperor was leader of China society.
People believed that heaven had given him the task of ruling.
Poor people like peasants, served the more wealthier.
ClothingThe Chinese wore tunics (long t-shirts)Women wore long tunics down too the floor and men were tunics to there knees. Sometimes they wore jackets over there tonics. In the winter when it was cold they wore padded jackets and sometimes pants. Most people in china wore there hair long both men and women.
Men & Women Clothing
ReligionThe Chinese believed that all parts of the universe were controlled by a force of energy called Qi. Qi flowed through the earth and that is important not to disturb it.
HousingThe Chinese houses had curvy roofs because the Chinese thought that bad spirits only traveled in a triangular way. There were really two kinds of houses in ancient China - poor people's houses (which is most of them) and rich people's houses (not very many). Poor people's houses were mainly just one room, made of smashed earth (like mudbrick). The roof was usually made of thatch.
Poor Chinese House
Rich Chinese house
Location Ancient China is located in the Eastern side of Asia and surrounds the Eastern China sea.It also surrounds the Yellow sea and the Northern China sea by Korea.
climateMost of china is made up of mountains and rock. Its really hot in china so no crops grow. And it doesnt usually rain a lot. The only is millet. millet is a type of grin that dos need water only sun.
architectureThe buildings are usually made by wood and stone roofs and metal. The buildings are all hand-made. The great wall of china is all hand made everything in china is hand made .in china some of the oldest stuff is there like old buildings.
The Great Wall of China
The Great WallThe Great Wall is 4,160km long. It is about 20 feet wide and 26 feet high. Parts of the wall are so broad that 10 soldiers can walk across.
It is the only hand-made structure that can be seen from the moon!
China built walls around their territories to keep out invasions from the north.
Millions died while building this wall of starvation and disease. Their bones were buried in the area of the wall or used to make up its thickness.
The Great Wall crosses mountains, deserts, rivers and valleys, passing through five provinces and two independent regions.
Materials used were whatever the people could found near by-clay, stone, willow branches, reeds and sand.
Parts of this wall can still be seen in other parts of China.
it is said that the amount of material used in the wall alone is enough to circle the world at the equator five times!
Yin & YangYing an yang is the opposite forces of nature that are in harmony with each other. According to there beliefs when people disturbed this harmony they were punished with floods, earthquakes and other natural disasters.
ConfucianismConfucianism was base on the teachings Kung fu-Tzu whose name means great master kung. He believed in a orderly society were every body had a role, place an responsibility. Chinese government and society were based on the principles of Confucianism.
PaperChinese legend tells that the new invention of paper was presented to the Emperor in the year 105 by Cai Lun. Evidence shows that paper was in use two hundred years before then. Either way, the Chinese were ahead of the rest of the world. The craft of papermaking had some bamboo fiber to produce a fine quality paper. The papermaker uses only the traditional materials and methods to produce fine art paper.
CompassBy the third century, Chinese scientists had studied and learned much about interesting things about nature. Scientists learned to make magnets by heating pieces of ore to red hot temperatures and then cooling the pieces in a North/South position. The magnet was then placed on a piece of reed and floated in a bowl of water marked with directional bearings. These first navigational compasses were widely used on Chinese ships by the eleventh century.