Ancient rome and ancient china
Embed Size (px)
Transcript of Ancient rome and ancient china
ANCIENT ROME AND ANCIENT CHINA:
By: Rebecca Massingill
Ancient Rome Ancient China
METHODS OF EXPANSION
Ancient Rome Ancient China
The expansion of China began in the 11th centry BC when the Zhou dynasty
defeated the Shang dynasty. In the Yangtze valley, the southern state of Chu expanded rapidly, defeating 50
small states. (Edwards)
Ancient Rome was a warlike state that predominately used its legions to annex or capture unwilling nations. Those who were willing to join Rome could be peacefully incorporated through the use of the Roman Senate, and these new territories could eventually gain their own seats in the senate. (Tuori)
Taoism is considered to be the primary religion of the Han Dynasty. Tao means,
“The path” . This religion is a set of principles regarding meditation, the body,
diet uses of herbs, breathing and exercise. Other famous belief systems that arose from ancient China include
Confucianism and Buddhism.
In the early days of the Roman Empire, it was largely a polytheistic culture. They worshipped many gods of various powers, including gods of war, agriculture, and beauty. During the first and second centuries, Christianity became very prominent and eventually spread through the entire Roman Empire.
Rome had a democratic government. Citizens were able to elect their own officials (also called consuls) by gathering at an assembly every year. Other government officials were tax collectors, judges and magistrates.
Ancient China had governments that were monarchies ruled by patriarchs. The first emperor was Qin Shi Huang. He insisted on having any evidence from earlier dynasties destroyed and had scholars buried alive. (Zhou,
Haiwen, Southern Economic Journal) (Edwards 7)
Roman agriculture consisted of vineyards, irrigated gardens, willow plantations, grain land, and other crops. The amount of land one owned would determine their importance. One of Rome’s most famous landmarks was the aqueduct, which was able to move large quantities of water long distances.
Ancient China has developed numerous, efficient methods for farming. Around 722-81 BC, they created cast iron tools, seed drill, and the use of large-scale harnessing of rivers. The dietary staples of ancient China included rice, fish, and wheat. (Zhou, Haiwen, Southern Economic Journal)
Rome: The primary language of the Roman Empire was Latin. Many modern languages have roots in Latin. (Edwards 12)
China: China has many languages but Mandarin is the official spoken language. Cantonese is also widely used.(Crease)
In ancient Rome, martial skills were highly admired and war was a source of prestige for the elite and well connected. Soldiers went through a rigorous training regimen similar to modern boot camp, and new recruits were always on the front lines of a battle. Roman legions were both legendary and feared. (Edwards 13)
Throughout the lifetime of ancient China, its people were plagued with constant warfare. Over the course of centuries, various influential groups arose who sought to turn warfare into an art. Many of the world’s most admired and ancient martial arts can trace their roots to ancient China. This mentality can best be seen in the book “The Art of War” by Sun Tzu.(Edwards 3)
Rome• Built primarily with concrete
• Imitated Greek Models
• Utilization of the arch
• Monuments proclaim military achievements
• Use of columns
• Built primarily with wood
• Proficient in bronze-casting and ceramics
• Produced ethereal works in gold, jade, silk, and lacquered wood.
ROME’S MOST FAMOUS LANDMARKS The Colosseum The Pantheon The Arch of Titus
It seated fifty thousand people and covered over 6 acres. This amphitheater was used for entertainment such as gladiatorial contests, chariot races, mock sea battles, and an array of other relentlessly, bloody sports. (Fiero 75)
This is the world’s largest unreinforced concrete dome and is one of the best-preserved of all ancient Rome buildings. It is classified as a temple but its original purpose remains unknown. (Fiero 76)
Augustus was the first to use commemorative arches to celebrate military triumphs. This arch commemorates the last days of the Jewish Wars. (Fiero 81)
CHINA’S MOST FAMOUS LANDMARKS
The Terracotta army was buried with the emperor Qin Shi Huang in order to protect him. The ceramic warriors had faces that were individually carved and painted and no two were alike. (Fiero 85)
In 1977, these bells were unintentionally discovered in the tomb of Marquis Yi. It is estimated that the tomb was made around 433 BC. The set of bells consist of 64, two-toned bells that require a total of five people to be played.
This wall is approximately 1500 miles long. The most famous portion of the wall was built by Qin Shi Huang from 220-206 BC. The wall has been used for border control, regulation of trade and control of immigration. (Fiero 84)
The Terracotta Army
Bronze bells of Marquis Yi The Great Wall of China
MODERN INFLUENCES: ROME
Developed the division between
public law and private law.
Writers such as
Shakespeare and Dante have been
influenced by ancient Rome’s
The Romans played a
significant role in
MODERN INFLUENCES: CHINA
The Chinese created
porcelain between 17th-11th century
In the 9th century AD, the Chinese invented
The concept of inoculation
WORKS CITED Silk Ties: The Links Between Ancient Rome & China.
Imperial Palaces of the Ming and Qing Dynasties in Beijing and Shinyang.
WORKS CITED (CONTINUED)
Internal Rebellions and External Threats: A Model of Government Organizational Forms in Ancient China.
Zhou, Haiwen, Southern Economic Journal, 00384038, Apr2012, Vol. 78, Issue 4
Alberico Gentili and the Criticism of Expansion in the Roman Empire. The Invader’s Remorse
WORKS CITED (CONTINUED)
Politics of precision in ancient China
Crease, Robert P., Physics Today, 00319228, Mar2011, Vol. 64, Issue http://eds.b.ebscohost.com/eds/detail/detail?sid=58b5eea9-8109-4920-b945-238a34c7e2fe%40sessionmgr115&vid=0&hid=104&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWRzLWxpdmUmc2NvcGU9c2l0ZQ%3d%3d#db=aqh&AN=59449650
FEDERALISM AND THE BALANCE OF POWER: CHINA’S HAN AND TANG DYNASTIES AND THE ROMAN EMPIRE
Ronald A. Edwards