All About MOOCs

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MASSIVEUses the Internet to connect with others all over the worldOPENNo charge for students in some coursesONLINE Learning together COURSE A MOOC Covers a single topic of study

MOOC stands for Massive Open Online Course. Its huge because it can have many learners working together. Its open because anyone can participate and do it. Usually MOOCs are offered free of charge, but some of them are not. The work all takes place on the net, through a combination of social networking, wiki creation, real-time meeting in venues like Skype, and through audio and video podcasts. Its a single-topic course and the duration varies across courses.


WHAT IS A MOOC In essence A MOOC is a free internet-based,distance learningprogram, designed for students from all around the world to participate in. A MOOC may be used for a particular university course or may be less structured at times. Although MOOCs don't always offer academic credits, they provide education that may enable certification, employment or further studies.


The brief history of MOOCsThe first MOOCs emerged from the open educational resources (OER) movement.In 2008, First MOOC presented at University of Manitoba with ~ 2200 learners, the term MOOCs was devised by Dave Cormier and Bryan Alexander in response to a course called Connectivism and Connective knowledge (also known as CCK08)The CCK08 led by George Siemens (Athabasca University) and Stephen Downes (National Research Council) in 2004 develop theory of Connectivism, the thesis that knowledge is distributed across a network of connections, and therefore that learning consists of the ability to construct and traverse those networks (Downes, 2012, p.9). It consisted of 25 tuition-paying students in Extended education at the University of Manitoba, as well as over 2200 online students from the general public who paid nothing.2010: Dave Cormier videos about MOOCs added to YouTube (Cormier, 2010)

MOOCs have a brief history, but the concept has become very popular that its use has spread throughout the world, both within academic circles and among independent learner groups. The MOOC model is based on connections, in sense that learning takes place through connecting with others. MOOCs throughout the Internet world have grown from the first in 2008 to a place seven years later where there are MOOCs available on nearly every topic, with participants from around the world. 4

The brief history of MOOCs contMOOCs records 1.2 million unique visitors per month with 250,000 graduates of its 500+ courses as of January 2013. In February 2014, ALISON registered its 3 millionth user2012: Harvards first MOOC has 370,000 registered students (Pappano, 2012)2012: Coursera launches from Stanford; offers first xMOOCs (Chen, 2012)New York Times calls 2012 The Year of the MOOC Pappano, 2012)

Why use MOOCs?Networked learning offers opportunities to share ideas, exchange knowledge, and work in collaborative teamsLearning takes place through interaction, questioning, searching for information, and discussing what has been discoveredCollaborative work prepares students for real-world employment


WHY USE MOOCS CONTDiverse learners bring fresh experiences from their varied backgroundsRhizomatic learning: just as rhizomes in plant roots propagate new plants, networked learning creates new nodes of information and higher levels of interaction among participants (Cormier, 2012)Requires independent learning and encourages students to become responsible for their own knowledge.


MOOC Cycle

Some expectations when undertaking a MOOC of your choice.


Types of MOOCsHowever the aforementioned types can be in the following forms: Network based.Content-based.Task based.cMOOCxMOOCconnectivistMOOCS adaptiveMOOCS groupMOOCS transferMOOCS SocialMOOC

Benefits of MOOCs

You can organize a MOOC in any setting that has connectivity.You can organize it in any language you like.You can use any online tools that are relevant to your target region or that are already being used by the participants.You can move beyond time zones and physical boundaries.It can be organized as quickly as you can inform the participants.Contextualized content can be shared by all.


PROS & CONS ADVANTAGES Free unless college credit is offeredLearning is informal and at students own paceComputer and internet access are only resources neededStudents can share work, critique others and receive feedbackGreat instructors without high tuition of host school

DISADVANTAGES xMOOCs involve costs, sometimes significantLimited real-world engagement (face time)Technical difficultiesAcademic dishonesty possibleStudents must learn to be responsible for their own learning


WHAT AM I INTERESTED IN?I am interested in various courses as I have mentioned before, as a Jill of all trades I am definitely spoiled for choice. There are various courses I could pursue in order to be prepared for any common experiences in the classroom or school environment. However I would love to venture outside of the educational faculty. Working in the design business I am tempted to do an interior design course, but the sites that I have visited are not available to commence. Therefore the other option I am leading towards is a photography course.

What mooc I want to doPhotography


Ref cont.

Cormier, D. (2011, November). Rhizomatic learning - Why we teach? Retrieved from Dave's educational blog:, S. (2012). Connectivism and connective knowledge: Essays on meaning and learning networks. Moncton, NB: National Research Council Canada.Cormier D, Siemens G (2010) Through the open door: open courses as research, learning, and engagement.Chen, C. (2012, April 18). Coursera launches humanities courses. The Stanford Daily. Retrieved from & Schrire. (2011). Kibbutzim College of Education, Technology, and the Arts