Alexander the Great
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Alexander the Great In this lesson, students will identify the contributions of Alexander the Great to world history. Students will be able to identify and/or define the following terms:Alexander the GreatMacedoniaHellenism
Greeces neighbor to the north is Macedonia.
Philip IIPhilip II was a king of Macedonia. In 338 B.C., he conquered the Greek city-states.
After his successful conquest of the Greeks, he planned to conquer Persia.
However, he died before he could realize his plan.
This ancient coin bears the image ofPhilip II of Macedonia.
Alexander the GreatAfter the death of Philip II, his son, Alexander, set out to conquer the world.
Alexander quickly conquered Asia Minor, Egypt, and Babylon. By 330 B.C., he defeated all of the Persian armies.
Alexander moved his army all the way to the Indus River.
Alexander the Great conquered a vastempire.
A Tired ArmyWhen Alexanders soldiers reached the Indus River, they begged Alexander to turn back.
The Indus River was the end of the known world for his soldiers.
In 323 B.C., Alexander developed a fever in Babylon. He died within a few days.
Alexander the Great was only 32 whenhe died. For 13 years, he had ruleda vast empire.
After the death of AlexanderAlexanders empire fell apart after his death.
His three generals divided the empire into three kingdoms-Macedon, Egypt, and Syria.
These kingdoms often fought each other but they were united by their common Greek culture.
After the death of Alexander the Great,his vast empire was divided among hisgenerals.
HellenismAlexander the Great spread Greek culture throughout his empire.
As Greek culture spread eastward, it blended with other cultures. This blend of eastern and western cultures is called Hellenism.
Hellenism comes from the Greek word Hellas, which means their own land.
Hellenism is a Greek like culture.
Hellenistic CultureHellenistic culture shaped the Mediterranean world for nearly 300 years.
However, Alexanders dream of creating an enduring empire with one government did not come true.
After Alexanders death, the Romans eventually realized this dream
Alexander the Greatspread Greekculture throughoutthe Mediterraneanworld.
Questions for Reflection:Where is Macedonia located?List two accomplishments of Alexander the Great.Why did Alexanders soldiers want to return home after invading the Indus River Valley?What happened to Alexanders empire after his death? Why did this happen?Define Hellenism.