Adaptive behavior and Social neuroscience

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1. Adaptive Behavior ?About adaptive behavior on Multidisciplinary perspectiveon higher cognitive functions CSIM-UPF 2009 2. Chimpanzees... Homos... We (Apes) (Prehistoric man) (Contemporary man) 3. ( ) ADN... Cells... Neurons... 4. ( ) ADN... Cells... Neurons... 5. ?Adaptive behavior society .... 6. Man threatened by predators 7. Dominate / control:Nature and all species... 8. What is the threat of modern man? 9. All other men.... 10. Family Man (Social specie)Tribes, Clans, Maas, Governments, Fraternity 11. ?How to understand what makes us human, without dealing with the social factor? 12. ! human & social behavior are one* Humans are intensely social creatures and one of the major functions of our brains is to enable us to interact successfully in social groups. Tania Singer / Cognitive Neuroscience* at least some believe that... 13. By exploring the nature and evolution of macaque social organization, we can develop our knowledge of the rise of societies and their transformation during the course of evolution.Professor Daro MaestripieriUniversity of Chicago HUMAN RHESUS MACAQUE Comparative Human In the struggle for survival, both resorted to the same solution: Development SOCIAL INTELLIGENCE Evolutionary Biology Neurobiology 14. in the last episodyWhat make us human? = = 99% = 93% HUMAN CHIMPANZEE HUMAN RHESUS MACAQUE > More different genetic spoken, but more similar in social behavior. 15. SOCIAL INTELLIGENCE ?HUMAN RHESUS MACAQUE > Deal with friends > Build partnerships > Power struggles = 93% > Trading in inuence... Use sex for social purpose = Tends to nepotism In both there is a quest for power (by itself) and as a means to get everything else (food, sex .. et) ----> MACACHIAVELISMO (MACACO + MACHIAVELO) Female Role What make us human? SOCIAL FACTOR 16. HUMAN 1 RHESUS MACAQUE 2 CHIMPANZEE 3Chimpanzee is more intelligence in many aspects thanMacaco. But the macaque is most successful (?) > Because, like humans macaques are sociable. 17. What make us human? SOCIAL FACTOR SocialFamily Intelligence Interpersonal Intelligence To Howard GardnerWe are more Were very gooddedicated to our understanding whatchildren than any others think, orother species. trying to do it. (Mind reading & empathy) 18. SOCIAL FACTOR Social neuroscience > Focusing on how the > Investigate the brain mediates conuence of neural social interactions and social processes. (Methodology) Functional MRI, Transcranial magnetic stimulation, Electrocardiograms, + Electromyograms, Endocrinology... 19. Social neuroscience Social These structures evolved with specie: neural and hormonal mechanisms >create organizations beyond the to support them. individual (families, cities, civilizations, and cultures...) (because social behavior helped these organisms to survive) SN started to provide insights into > Often used as synonyms. neural mechanism underlying our capacity to*: > Sometimes the term empathy is dividing it into two subcomponents, emotional and cognitive empathy. Represent others peoples Share the feelings of others intentions and beliefs (in the absence of any direct emotional stimulation to themselves) Mentalizing (ToM) Emphaty These concepts refer to our ability to put ourselves in the shoes of another person, be it in their mental or emotional shoes. > Allow human beings to represent the states of other people (mental or emotional) > Predict others behavior Successfully engage in social interactions.* T. Singer. There is neurological evidence for these division. 20. Mentalize > Distinct and relay on different Emphatize neuro-cognitive circuits + = (share others feelings) sharing the grief of a close friend feels fundamentally different than (reect upon others) understanding what this person is having as thoughts and intentions, the latter lacking a bodily sensation. > Empathy is crucial for the creation of affective bonds between mother and child, and later >This ability is absent in monkeys and only exists in a between partners and larger social rudimentary form in apes.