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Transcript of & Zenen Zeferino Radio Jarocho - Flynn Center About Radio Jarocho and Zenen Zeferino Radio...

  • Spruce Peak Presents In Association with the Flynn Center

    Radio Jarocho & Zenen Zeferino

  • An immense thank you... Performances at Spruce Peak are supported by the Spruce Peak Arts Community & Education Fund, THe Arnold G. and Martha M. Langbo Foundation, the Lintilhac Foundation, the George W. Mergens Foundation, and the Windham Foundation. Additional funding from the SPruce PEak Lights Festival Sponsors: the Baird Family, Jill Boardman and Family, David Clancy, Dawn & Kevin D’Arcy, the DeStefano Family, the Laquerre-Franklin Family, the Gaines Family, the Green Family, Lauren & Jack Handrahan, Kristi & Evan Lovell, Heather & Bill Maffie, the Ohler Family, Sebastien Paradis, the Patch Family, the Rhinesmith Family, Grand Slam Tennis Tour, Carlos & Allison Serrano-Zevallos, Tyler Savage, Patti Martin Spence, Sidney Stark, Nancy & Bill Steers, and Ken Taylor.

    Thank you to the Flynn Matinee 2018-2019 underwriters: Northfield Savings Bank, Champlain Investment Partners, LLC, Bari and Peter Dreissigacker, Everybody Belongs at the Flynn Fund, Ford Foundation, Forrest and Frances Lattner Foundation, Surdna Foundation, TD Charitable Foundation, Vermont Arts Council, Everybody Belongs Arts Initiative of Burlington Town Center/Devonwood, Vermont Community Foundation, New England Foundation for the Arts, National Endowment for the Arts.. Additional support from the Bruce J. Anderson Foundation & the Walter Cerf Community Fund.

    Welcome to the 2018-2019 Student Matinee Season! Today’s scholars and researchers say creativity is the top skill our kids will need when they enter the workforce of the future, so we salute YOU for valuing the educational and inspirational power of live performance. By using this study guide you are taking an even greater step toward implementing the arts as a vital and inspiring educational tool.

    We hope you find this guide useful and that it deepens your students’ connection to the material. If we can help in any way, please contact sms@flynncenter.org.

    Enjoy the show! -Education Staff


  • About Radio Jarocho and Zenen Zeferino Radio Jarocho plays the rowdy, upbeat, and at times melancholic music of the countryside of Veracruz, Mexico, and has been mixing it with the sounds of New York’s urban life for over ten years. Having recently joined forces with son jarocho legend Zenen Zeferino, they deliver performances that are passionate, energetic, and true to the roots of the genre. Radio Jarocho & Zenen Zeferino have played concerts at festivals and venues in the east coast, including Kennedy Center, Brooklyn Bowl, Joe’s Pub, La Casita at Lincoln Center, Le Poisson Rouge, Celebrate Mexico Now! and Celebrate Brooklyn. They released “Rios de Norte y Sur”, their first studio production together, in May of 2018. With this album, Radio Jarocho & Zenen Zeferino celebrate the music that unites Veracruz and New York, Mexico and the United States through original songs and new arrangements for old jarocho tunes, offering a modern take on a traditional genre by fusing it with sounds that have become part of New York City’s musical fabric. Recorded and mixed by Alex Venguer and mastered by Oscar Zambrano, with cover art by Víctor Zuñiga, “Ríos de Norte y Sur” features tracks that in ways speak to our experience as immigrants in the US and to the nostalgia and love we have for our roots and origins. We speak about the bodies of water that unite New York and Veracruz, and that know no borders, walls or frontiers.

    An Excerpt:

    I was born in Transoxania at the union of the Jaxartes and Oxus rivers; Where past and future meet, Where moon doesn’t hide from sun, Where distinguishing a white thread from black is impossible. I was born into the steppe where sands sing And fiery tigers ramble, Where beautiful Anahita is worshipped, And soon Zarathustra will be born, and the steppe smells as if it is strewn With moonflowers—Gulayim. And I was named Gulayim. And I united forty girls like me, Young, passionate, rigorous and fast, Affluent, healthy, resounding with joy. And the steppe was filled with these sounds. And the steppe swelled with fertility. Sand has blossomed underfoot, Springs welled up from stones, The garden of Miueli had appeared. And our arrows were precise, And our horses were fast.

  • Questions & Prompts

    Before the show: ● What kinds of things can we do with our bodies when we hear music that has lots of energy? Guide children to

    talk about what you can do when they are standing and what they can do when they are sitting in a chair. ○ What can we do with:

    ■ our feet? ■ our hands? ■ our fingers ■ our legs? ■ our knees? ■ our shoulders? ■ our hips? ■ our heads?

    ● The music you’ll be hearing comes from the Veracruz region of Mexico. Have students locate this on a map, and then find their hometown and Vermont on a map. Students can compare the size, shape, and location of these places. What do they imagine life would be like in Veracruz? How would it be similar to Vermont? Different?

    While you’re watching, notice:

    ● How the different musical pieces sound similar to each other ● How the different musical pieces are different from each other in some ways ● How each of the musical pieces made you feel ● The times when each instrument got to do a solo and add some extra parts to the music ● How the performers interact with one another while they’re playing

    After the show:

    ● Which songs/musical pieces did you enjoy most? Which type of music were these pieces? ● What did all the musical pieces seem to have in common? How were they different from each other? ● Was the speed of the different musical pieces the same? ● Did all the musical pieces make you feel the same way? ● Which instruments seem to get to play solos (by themselves) the most? Did you like it better when all the

    instruments played together or when they took turns? ● Which instrument looked the most difficult to play? the easiest? ● Do you think the people playing the music were having a good time? Why or why not? How could you tell? ● Did the musicians talk about Mexico, their culture, their history, the history of the music? What did they say?

    Vocabulary Anahita: ancient Iranian goddess associated with fertility, healing and wisdom

    Bardic: of or related to bards, tribal poet-singers skilled in composing and reciting verses on heroes and their deeds

    Khan: title for sovereign or military ruler used by medieval nomadic Turkic tribes; used in modern times to indicate commander, leader or ruler

    Kalmyk: a branch of Oirat Mongols who lived in Central Asia

    Karakalpakstan: a region within Uzbekistan

    Sarmartians: large confederation of Iranian people during classical antiquity, flourishing from about the 5th century BCE to the 4th century CE

    Steppe: a large area of flat unforested grassland

    Transoxania: “beyond the Oxus” adapted from Arabic ma wara al-nahr “that which is beyond the river.” The region includes the territory that arcs eastward from the Aral Sea between the Amu Darya (River Oxus of antiquity) and the Syr Darya, comprising most of the present day nations of Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and portions of Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan.

    Turkic: relating to or denoting a large group of closely related languages of western and central Asia, including Turkish, Azerbaijani, Kazakh, Kyrgyz, Uighur, Uzbek and Tatar

    Zarathustra: another name for Zoroaster, Iranian prophet who founded

    Zoroastrianism:a popular religion in Ancient Persia

  • About Veracruz, Mexico Veracruz, in full Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave, formerly (1863–2003) in full Veracruz-Llave, estado(state), east-central Mexico. Veracruz is bounded by the state of Tamaulipas to the north, by the Gulf of Mexico to the east, and by the states of Tabasco and Chiapas to the southeast, Oaxaca to the southwest, and Puebla, Hidalgo, and San Luis Potosí to the west. The state capital is Xalapa (Jalapa; in full, Xalapa Enríquez). Veracruz is shaped like a crescent, stretching some 400 miles (650 km) along the Gulf coast but averaging only about 60 miles (100 km) in width. The coast consists of low sandy strips interspersed with tidewater streams and lagoons, but the relief rises inland to the Sierra Madre Oriental, which is cut by valleys often covered by dense tropical rainforest. Citlaltépetl (Orizaba Peak), Mexico’s highest point, at 18,406 feet (5,610 metres), is located at the juncture of the Sierra Madre highlands and the Cordillera Neo-Volcánica. More than 40 rivers and tributaries provide water for irrigation and hydroelectric power; they also carry rich silt down from the eroding highlands, which is deposited in the valleys and coastal areas.

    The state contains numerous remains of pre-Hispanic Olmec, Totonac, and Huastec cities. El Tajín, a ruined city that reached its apex between the 9th and 13th centuries, was designated a UNESCOWorld Heritage site in 1992. Spanish colonial settlements began in the 16th century, including the river port of Tlacotalpan, which was made a World Heritage site in 1998. A small but significant proportion of the residents still speak indigenous languages. Veracruz has one of Mexico’s leading economies. The state has about one-fourth of Mexico’s petroleum reserves and several refineries. Chief agricultural products include coffee, vanilla, sugarcane, tobacco, bananas, coconuts, and vegetables, but farmers depend mainly on corn (maize) and beans. Veracruz is