Download - Grief breavement

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Grief and Bereavement

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GRIEF = total response to emotional experience

related to lossThe normal process of reacting to loss. BEREAVEMENT = subjective response to by loved onesThe human experience occurring with

the death of a loved one.

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Grief is a form of sorrow involving feelings, thoughts and behaviors caused by bereavement.

The grief process involves a sequence of affective, cognitive and psychological states as a person responds to and finally accepts a loss.

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What Is Grief?“Grief is the emotion people feel

when they experience a loss. There are many different types of loss, and not all of them are related to death. For example, a person can also grieve over the breakup of an intimate relationship or after a parent moves away from home.”

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What are the Five Stages of Grief and Do They Always Occur in the Same Order?The five stages:

1. Denial 2. Anger

3. Bargaining 4. Depression 5. Acceptance

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Manifestations of Grief Difficulty

concentrating Ongoing sadness Constant thoughts

of the person who died

Guilt Anger

Changes in the way a person acts or feels normally

Weight loss Loss of appetite Difficulty sleeping Heart palpitations Anxiety and fear Loneliness and pain

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Phases of Bereavement

Shock and numbness Yearning and searching Disorganization and despair Reorganization

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Bereavement Tasks

Accepting the reality of loss Working through the pain of grief Adjusting to the environment without

the deceased Emotionally relocating the deceased

and moving on with life

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Dysfunctional Responses

Prolonged denial of loss Refusal to mourn Gastrointestinal symptoms, shortness

of breath, and muscle tension Behavioral issues (e.g., substance

abuse, phobias, difficulty with concentration)

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Grief Management

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Grief Management

All are normal responses to grief but should resolve within one year.

Dysfunctional grief reactions may require intervention from a psychosocial professional.

Rapid referrals should be made for intensive assessment and treatment.

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