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Transcript of Grief breavement
Grief and Bereavement
GRIEF = total response to emotional experience
related to lossThe normal process of reacting to loss. BEREAVEMENT = subjective response to by loved onesThe human experience occurring with
the death of a loved one.
Grief is a form of sorrow involving feelings, thoughts and behaviors caused by bereavement.
The grief process involves a sequence of affective, cognitive and psychological states as a person responds to and finally accepts a loss.
What Is Grief?“Grief is the emotion people feel
when they experience a loss. There are many different types of loss, and not all of them are related to death. For example, a person can also grieve over the breakup of an intimate relationship or after a parent moves away from home.”
What are the Five Stages of Grief and Do They Always Occur in the Same Order?The five stages:
1. Denial 2. Anger
3. Bargaining 4. Depression 5. Acceptance
Manifestations of Grief Difficulty
concentrating Ongoing sadness Constant thoughts
of the person who died
Changes in the way a person acts or feels normally
Weight loss Loss of appetite Difficulty sleeping Heart palpitations Anxiety and fear Loneliness and pain
Phases of Bereavement
Shock and numbness Yearning and searching Disorganization and despair Reorganization
Accepting the reality of loss Working through the pain of grief Adjusting to the environment without
the deceased Emotionally relocating the deceased
and moving on with life
Prolonged denial of loss Refusal to mourn Gastrointestinal symptoms, shortness
of breath, and muscle tension Behavioral issues (e.g., substance
abuse, phobias, difficulty with concentration)
All are normal responses to grief but should resolve within one year.
Dysfunctional grief reactions may require intervention from a psychosocial professional.
Rapid referrals should be made for intensive assessment and treatment.