WPO-14 Signaling Flow of WCDMA Radio Interfaces

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Signalling flows in 3G zte

Transcript of WPO-14 Signaling Flow of WCDMA Radio Interfaces

  • Signaling Flow of WCDMA Advanced Radio Interfaces ZTE University

  • ObjectivesTo understand the main service flows and classification of WCDMA radio interfaces.To understand the handover flow in the system. To understand the call service flow.

  • ContentOverview of the Basic Signaling Flow Handover Flow in the System Call Service FlowService Release Flow

  • Classification of FlowsIn terms of protocol stack, signaling flows can be access layer signaling flows or non-access layer signaling flows. In terms of network composition, signaling flows can be categorized as circuit-switched or packet-switched. Access layer and non-access layer signaling flows are actually so named from the perspective of protocol stack.

  • Classification of FlowsThe flows at the access layer include PLMN selection, cell selection, and radio resource management flows. The radio resource management flows are the flows at the RRC layer, including the RRC connection setup flow, flow of the signaling setup between UEs and CNs, RAB setup flow, call release flow, handover flow, and SRNS redirection flow.

  • Called service flow

  • UE Working ModesThere are two basic working modes:IdleUE stands by without any service. Theres no connection between UE and UTRAN.ConnectedUE transferred to the connected mode after accomplishing RRC Connection Setup.UE has 4 states under the connected mode:Cell-DCH, Cell-FACH, Cell-PCH, URA-PCH

  • UE State

  • UE States Under the Connected ModeCell-DCHUE is activated, and in service using its dedicated channels.There are dedicated channels in both uplink and downlink.UTRAN knows exactly which cell the UE is in.Cell-FACHUE is activated, but without too much date to transmit, so theres no need to assign dedicated channels to it.Downlink data transmitted in FACH, while uplink in RACH.UTRAN knows exactly which cell the UE is in.

  • UE States Under the Connected ModeCell-PCHThere is no data transmitted in both uplink and downlink.UE needs to listen to PICH for paging information.UE works in discrete receiving, which saves the power effectively.UTRAN knows exactly which cell the UE is in.UE needs to do cell update procedure when it passes cells.URA-PCHThere is no data transmitted in both uplink and downlink.UE needs to listen to PICH for paging information and receive discretely.UTRAN only knows which URA (UTRAN Registration Area) UE exists.UE updates its location information only when its URA changes, which further reduces the signaling saves resource.

  • RRC State Transition (I)After RRC Connection Setup, UE will transit to CELL_FACH or CELL_DCH.CN indicates UE using dedicated channel (CELL_DCH) or common channel (CELL_FACH) according to the service request.If there is no service right now, UE will be indicated into PCH mode or release RRC connection back to IDLE mode.URA_PCHCELL_DCHCELL_FACHCELL_PCHIDLEDEADIDLEDEADCELL_DCHCELL_FACHIDLESketch of RRC State Transition Transit from IDLE Mode

  • RRC State Transition (II)URA_PCHCELL_DCHCELL_PCHIDLEDEADIDLEDEADCELL_FACHIDLEUE do not occupy dedicated channels In the mode of CELL_FACH.UE receives downlink data through FACH(S-CCPCH).UE transmits uplink data through RACH(PRACH).Transit from CELL_FACH ModeSketch of RRC State Transition

  • RRC State Transition (III)URA_PCHCELL_DCHCELL_FACHCELL_PCHIDLEDEADIDLEDEADCELL_DCHIDLEURA_PCHCELL_PCHCELL_DCHUE transceives uplink and downlink data through dedicated channels (DPDCHs and DPCCHs).During the time when there is no data transmitted, CN may indicate UEs transiting to URA_PCH or CELL_PCH.Transit from CELL_DCH ModeSketch of RRC State Transition

  • RRC State Transition (IV)URA_PCHCELL_DCHCELL_FACHCELL_PCHIDLEDEADIDLEDEADCELL_DCHIDLECELL_DCHURA_PCHCELL_PCHCELL_FACHCELL_PCHURA_PCHUE has no activated uplink.Paging Information makes UE back to CELL_FACH or CELL_DCH mode.In CELL_PCH, UE should transit to CELL_FACH first to finish cell updating, and go back if no service request.In URA_PCH, if URA changes, UE also transits to CELL_FACH to finish cell updating first before it goes back to URA_PCH.System resource can be saved in these two modes.Sketch of RRC State Transition

  • ContentOverview of the Basic Signaling Flow Handover Flow in the System Call Service FlowService Release Flow

  • Category of Handover Intra-RNC, inter-Node B Inter-RNCSoft handover (SHO) Same Node B, Inter-sectorSofter handover Intra-frequency Inter-frequency Inter-system (3G&2G) Inter-mode (FDD&TDD)Hard handover (HHO)WCDMA system support multiple handover technology

  • Handover Demonstration

  • Soft Handover/Softer HandoverSoft HandoverSoft-Softer HandoverSofter Handover

  • Between Cells in NodeBIn this case, the radio uplink can be merged in NodeB or the SRNC. If the radio uplink is merged in NodeB, it is known as a softer handover.

  • Between NodeBs in the Same RNCThe softer handover flow is basically the same as the soft handover flow between NodeBs. The only difference is that a softer handover is a handover in NodeB, with Iub interface message as RADIO LINK ADDITION REQUEST, while the switching Iub interface message between NodeBs is RADIO LINK SETUP REQUEST.

  • Between RNCs

  • Inter-Frequency Hard Handover under the Same RNC

  • Inter-RNC Hard Handover under the same MSC

  • Cell Update with SRNS Relocation

  • Cell Update via Iur without SRNS Relocation

  • ContentOverview of the Basic Signaling Flow Handover Flow in the System Call Service FlowService Release Flow

  • Establishing an RRC Connection on a Common Channel

  • Establishing an RRC Connection on a Dedicated Channel

  • RRC Connection RejectionIf the RNC determines that the RRC connection cannot be established (for example, due to insufficient resources), the RNC directly sends the UE an RRC CONNECTION REJECT message which contains the reason for the rejection of the RRC connection.

  • Initial Direct TransferThe initial direct transfer process is used to establish a signaling connection between the RNC and CN, carrying an initialized NAS message. The contents of the NAS message is not explained in the RNC but forwarded to the CN. DescriptionWhen the UE is in the CELL_PCH or URA_PCH state, for initial direct transfer, a cell update is performed first so that the state of the UE transitions to CELL_FACH, with a update reason of "uplink data transmission". When the cell update is completed successfully, the UE continues to perform initial direct transfer.

  • Uplink Direct Transfer When the UE needs to send a NAS message to the CN on an existing signaling connection, the UE initiates the uplink direct transfer procedure. Description of the Signaling Flow:The UE sends an UPLINK DIRECT TRANSFER message to the RNC to initiate the uplink direct transfer process. The message contains such information as NAS message and CN identification. The RNC routes the message according to the CN identifier in the message and sends the NAS information carried in the message to the CN through a DIRECT TRANSFER message on Iu interface. The uplink direct transfer process is complete.

  • Signaling Flow DescriptionThe CN sends a DIRECT TRANSFER message to the RNC to initiate the downlink direct transfer process. The message contains the NAS message. The UTRAN sends a DOWNLINK DIRECT TRANSFER message through the DCCH channel in AM RLC mode. The message carries the NAS information that the CN sends to the UE and CN identifier. The UE receives and reads the DOWNLINK DIRECT TRANSFER message carrying the NAS information. If the received message contains a protocol error, the UE sends an RRC STATUS message on the uplink DCCH in AM RLC mode.

  • UE Capability Information FlowThrough a UE CAPABILITY ENQUIRY message, the UTRAN requests the UE to initiate the UE capability query process. The UTRAN sends a UE CAPABILITY ENQUIRY message through the downlink DCCH logical channel in AM RLC mode to complete the UE capability enquiry process.

  • UE Capability Information UpdateIf the UTRAN initiates the UE capability information enquiry process or the UE capability information changes during the RRC connection, the UE initiates the UE capability information update process. The UE capability information update process is used to transfer the radio network related capabilities supported by the UE to the UTRAN. The UE sends a UE CAPABILITY INFORMATION message in AM or UM RLC mode on uplink DCCH. The message carries the UE capability information. The UTRAN reads the UE capability information and sends a UE CAPABILITY INFORMA CONFIRM message in AM or UM RLC mode on the downlink DCCH channel. The UE capability information update process is complete.

  • RAB

  • ContentOverview of the Basic Signaling Flow Handover Flow in the System Call Service FlowService Release Flow

  • Signaling Connection Release Request The Iu connection release flow is generally initiated directly the CN and can also be initiated by the CN at the request of the UTRAN. The Iu connection release request flow is used by the UTRAN to request the CN to initiate the Iu connection release process. The SRNC sends an IU RELEASE REQUEST message to the CN domain to initiate the Iu connection release request process. The message indicates the reason for releasing the Iu connection. The CN determines how to react to the Iu connection release request. For example, if the CN decides to release the Iu connection, the CN initiates the Iu connection release process.

  • Signaling Connection Release The Iu connection release process is used by the CN to release an Iu connection, releasing all the UTRAN resources related to a specific I