Waterton-Glacier International Peace Park

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Waterton-Glacier International Peace Park. Two Parks – Two Countries. Waterton National Park -Canada. Established on May 20 th 1895 140 square km ( 54 square miles) Since expanded to 525 square km ( 203 square miles) - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Transcript of Waterton-Glacier International Peace Park

  • Waterton-Glacier International Peace Park

  • Two Parks Two Countries

  • Waterton National Park -CanadaEstablished on May 20th 1895140 square km ( 54 square miles) Since expanded to 525 square km ( 203 square miles) F.W. Godsall a Pincher Creek Rancher was instrumental in its establishmentThe park was named after the chain of lakes called Waterton Lakes named by Lieutenant Blakiston The first Park Superintendent was John George Kootenai Brown appointed In 1911

  • Waterton National Park -Canada

  • Glacier National Park -USAEvidence of People living in the area dating Back 10,000 years ancestors of the Blackfeet Indians 1806 Lewis and Clark came within 50 miles of what is now the ParkPeople started settling the area after completion of the Marias Pass used by the Great Northern Railway in 1891In the 1890s tourism to the area began George Bird Grinnell and others began to push for creation of a National ParkInitially it was made a Forest Preserve in 1900 but people continued to push for a park and in 1910 President Taft signed a bill making it the 10th National Park in US

  • Glacier National Park -USA

  • The IDEAOver the years, Park rangers felt that the two Parks should somehow be joinedIn 1931, they were joined by others with the same ideaCardston and Butte Rotarians (including Tom Davis, future RI President) felt that the parks should be joined as a symbol of the friendship shared between Canada and the United States. In 1931 July 4 they convened a good will meeting of 100 Rotarians from Alberta and Montana Here, they decided to lobby both governments to establish a permanent International Peace Park

  • Both sides began to lobby their prospective GovernmentsBy December 8, 1931 the House of Representatives had passed a bill to establish the Waterton-Glacier International Peace Park and was passed by the Senate April 25th 1932A similar bill was passed by the Canadian Government in 1932Negotiations

  • Success On June 18th 1932 2000 people attended the dedication Ceremony at Glacier Park Montana USA

  • The AssemblyIn 1935 The Great Falls Rotary club suggested that Rotarians from both sides hold a joint meeting This idea was embraced by the Canadian clubs and the first Assembly was held at Glacier Park on July 13th and 14th Included a golf tournament and a Saturday banquet with speakers Following this meeting the Assembly became an annual eventEach country hosts the celebration in alternate years

  • Dedication of Cairns 1947

  • Cairns on Chief Mountain Highway

  • Hands across the Border, 1947

  • The Future GovernmentThere is an interest in expanding Waterton Park into the Flathead Valley in B.C.Proposal developed by Canadian parks group and timber companyJim Lopez, Vice President of Tembec, Inc.: "This has the potential to be a win/win solution.

  • Waterton Lakes National Park Proposed Expansionwww.peaceparkplus.net

  • RotaryRotarians on both side of the border are proposing the establishment of a Peace Garden at the Peigan/Carway borderAlso more recognition for Rotary at other sites: St Marys Interpretative centre Going to the Sun Road Centre Waterton Peace Park Pavilion ExhibitThis has been proposed as a Centennial Project to celebrate 100 years of Rotary The Future

  • Goat Haunt

  • Peace Garden site



    ***First National Park was established in North America was Yellowstone established in 1872 This gave rise to other National Parks Waterton in 1895140 square km 4th National park and the smallest in the Canadian RockiesF.W, Godsall a Pincher Creek Rancher was instrumental in its establishment He sent a proposal to Ottawa in 1893Lieutenant Blakiston named the lakes Waterton in honour of the British naturalist Squire Charles Waterton.

    **Fourth Largest Park 1.4 million acres Going to the Sun Road completed in 1932In 1979 First International Biosphere Reserve by the United NationsIn 1995 UNESCO Recognized it as A World Heritage Site*Heavens Peak Many Glacier- Swift Current LakeLake MacDonaldMt ReynoldsSt Marys*Peace Park embraced 1,754 square milesThey presented a resolution that was moved by Rev. Canon Middleton of Cardston and Seconded by Harry B. Mitchell of Great Falls Attending Rotary Clubs Cardston, Lethbridge, Calgary, Alberta and Estevan SaskatchewanGreat Falls, Kalispell, and Missoula Montana*American bill was championed by Hon. Scott Leavitt of Montana Brigadier General J.S. Stewart Mp of Alberta and J.G. Murphy MP

    Moved by Rev. Canon S.H. Middleton, Cardston, and seconded by Harry B. Mitchell of Great Falls:"Whereas one hundred members of the RotaryClubs, representing the cities of Cardston, Lethbridge and Calgary of Alberta; Great Falls, Kalispell and Missoula of Montana and Estevan, Saskatchewan, are assembled together attending an international meeting at the Waterton Lakes National Park. " "And Whereas, it has been decided that a similar annual meeting be held alternately at Glacier Park, Montana and Waterton Park, Alberta. " 'Therefore, Be it Resolved, that the proper authorities be petitioned to commence negotiations to establish the two parks indicated as a permanent International Peace Park, which shall be definitely set aside for this laudable purpose." "Pledging our loyalty and allegiance to foster all International Relationships.President Hoover of the United States, in a message read during the ceremony said, "Dedication of the Waterton Glacier International Park is a further gesture of the goodwill that has so long blessed our relations with our Canadian neighbours and I am gratified by the hope and faith that it will forever be an appropriate symbol of permanent peace and friendship."

    Prime Minister R.B. Bennett of Canada, wrote: "I send sincere congratulations and good wishes on the occasion of thededication. The relations between Canada and the United States has so long been characterized not only by that peace which isthe foundation of our two democracies but by mutual respect and friendship. It is my earnest hope that this great InternationalPeace Park, stretching across our common frontier and in which citizens of both our countries may seek recreation, mayforever remain a permanent memorial of all that neighbourly relations should be between adjoining nations."*Since then there are now 148 Peace Parks in the World*Sir Charles Mandel and Mrs Mandel Major WolpertonBlackfeet IndiansReverend Middleton Mr. and Mrs. Carl Hummer

    *Presentation of Pen used by President Hoover

    *Clubs offer to host the event in their prospective countries and are responsible for the program Program includes Friday night Barbeque, Saturday Golf, hikes, bridge Saturday Banquet with a speaker, Sunday ecumenical service and Hands across the border ceremony IN 1936 the host club was Calgary and was held on July 4 at Waterton where there was A dedication service of the Peace park in CanadaIn 1939 the event was held in Glacier where the hotel rates were $5.50 per person *In 1947 the Peace Cairns were dedicated Made out of rock from 7 mountains in the park Also included a time capsule in the base Rotarians, family and friends held hands across the border and Recited In the name of God we will not take up arms against each other We will work for peace: maintain liberty: strive for freedom: and demand equal opportunities for all mankind. May the long existing peace between our two nations stimulate other people to follow this example. * Canadian side historical documents and coins etcAmerican side papers, a pine cone, K rations etc. *Rotarians, family and friends held hands across the border and Recited In the name of God we will not take up arms against each other We will work for peace: maintain liberty: strive for freedom: and demand equal opportunities for all mankind. May the long existing peace between our two nations stimulate other people to follow this example.

    **Canadian Government is for this but the B.C. government has not agreed as yet

    **Peace Park Creation Panel which will acknowledge Rotary*Peace Park Creation Panel in the Display in Waterton will acknowledge RotaryFlathead Valley clubs have started working on Goat Haunt area *Images from Peigan Carway border of area proposed for Peace GardenArea is between the two countries- land owned by the International Boundary commission. Preliminary inquiries suggest that this site would be available.For more information about other Peace Gardens and Peace Parks see http://www.peacegarden.com/*