U.S. Department of Energy Fuel Cycle Technologies R&D Outlook

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John HerczegDeputy Assistant Secretary for Fuel Cycle Technologies Office of Nuclear Energy

Transcript of U.S. Department of Energy Fuel Cycle Technologies R&D Outlook

  • John HerczegDeputy Assistant Secretary for Fuel Cycle TechnologiesOffice of Nuclear Energy

    U.S. Department of Energy Fuel Cycle Technologies R&D OutlookGlobal 2015 French Section American Nuclear SocietySeptember 23, 2015

    Meeting with Tom Reilly

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    Focus Areas of DOE Fuel Cycle TechnologiesEnrichment & Fuel FabricationReactorsRecycleInterim StorageFinal DisposalAdvanced ReactorsLight Water ReactorsOther Advanced TechniquesConventional MiningConventional LWR Fuel FabricationLLW DisposalAdvanced Reactor FuelGeologic RepositoryInterim StorageSeawater ExtractionLWR Fuel with Improved Accident ToleranceAdvanced Reactor RecycleProductWaste FormsLWR RecycleUranium SupplySFANSSeptember 23, 2015Safeguards and Security by Design

    Meeting with Tom Reilly

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    Fuel Cycle Research & Development ProgramNEFCR&D

    Conduct R&D on advanced sustainable fuel cycle technologies that have the potential to improve resource utilization and energy generation, reduce waste generation, enhance safety, and limit proliferation risk;

    Conduct generic research and development and generic non-R&D activities related to used nuclear fuel, nuclear waste management and disposal issues; Lay the ground work and planning for the implementation of the Administrations strategy on the management of used nuclear fuel and high-level waste.

    The program employs a long-term, science-based approach to foster innovative, transformational technology solutions to achieve this mission. Advancements in fuel cycle technologies and solutions support the enhanced availability, affordability, safety, and security of nuclear-generated electricity in the U.S.September 23, 2015SFANS

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    Fuel Cycle Research & DevelopmentFY 2016 Budget RequestSeptember 23, 2015SFANS

    Subprogram(dollars in thousands)FY 2015 EnactedFY 2016RequestHouse MarkSenate MarkMaterial Recovery & Waste Form Development35,30035,30035,30034,800Advanced Fuels60,10048,70060,10060,100Systems Analysis and Integration16,90011,20011,20011,100MPACT7,6008,6008,6008,500Fuel Resources5,6005,6005,6005,500Used Nuclear Fuel Disposition Research & Development49,00075,36055,00064,000 Integrated Waste Mgmt. System22,50030,000030,000 DOE-Managed HLW & SNF--3,00003,000Total197,000217,760175,800217,000

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    Partnerships Play and Important Role in Fuel Cycle R&D* Lead laboratories noted with asterisks.SFANSSeptember 23, 2015

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    FY 2015 Nuclear Energy University Programs (NEUP)20 percent of R&D funding is invested in NEUP: Infrastructure, R&D, Integrated Research Projects (IRPs).In FY 2015, FCR&D funded 18 R&D awards and 4 IRPs.Members actively engaged in training/mentoring of undergraduate students from different U.S. DOE programs.

    September 23, 2015SFANS

    Meeting with Tom Reilly

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    Material Recovery and Waste Form Development (MRWFD)SFANS

    MRWFDs mission is to develop advanced material recovery as well as advanced waste form development technologies that improve current fuel cycle performance and enable a sustainable fuel cycle, with minimal processing, waste generation, and potential for material diversion.

    Off-Gas Capture and Immobilization Management of process off-gasses (I-129, H-3, Kr-85, and C-14) to meet U.S. regulatory constraints

    Waste ManagementWaste forms and processes need to be developed as an integral part of material recovery technology development. As advanced recycling processes are developed, unique waste streams arise that must be managed in a safe, environmentally responsible and cost effective way.

    Open/ClosedFuel CyclesEnvironmentalNational SecuritySeptember 23, 2015

    Meeting with Tom Reilly

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    Release of Evaluation and Screening Final ReportThe Evaluation and Screening (E&S) study report was released by the DOE-NE Fuel Cycle Options Campaign in October 2014

    E&S report provides information about the potential benefits and challenges of nuclear fuel cycle optionsProvides useful information to strengthen the basis of DOE-NE R&D programs

    Report is comprised of the Main Report and Appendices A-H that provide more details on approach, results, and participants

    https://inlportal.inl.gov/portal/server.pt/community/nuclear_science_and_technology/337/nuclear_fuel_cycle_evaluation_and_screening_final_report

    September 23, 2015SFANS

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    Advanced FuelsSeptember 23, 2015SFANS

    Meeting with Tom Reilly

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    2012Feasibility studies on advanced fuel and clad concepts-- bench-scale fabrication- irradiation tests- steam reactions- mechanical properties- furnace tests- modelingWorkshops 201320142015201620172018201920202021Assessment of new concepts- impact on economics- impact on fuel cycle- impact on operations- impact on safety envelope- environmental impactFuel Selection/PrioritizationSteady State TestsTransient Irradiation Tests LOCA/Furnace TestsFuel Performance CodeFuel Safety BasisLTA/LTR ReadyPhase 1FeasibilityPhase 2Development/QualificationPhase 3Commercialization2022RD&D Strategy For Enhanced Accident Tolerant Fuels 10 Year Goal

    Industry led projects (Phase 1a)Industry led projects (Phase 1b)Industry led project(s) (Phase 2)September 23, 2015SFANS

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  • Increased Interest Globally in Accident Tolerant Fuels8September 23, 2015SFANS

    Meeting with Tom Reilly

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    DOEs Spent Fuel and High-Level Waste Management2012 Blue Ribbon Commission on Americas Nuclear Future Chartered to recommend a new strategy for managing the back end of the nuclear fuel cycle 2013 Administrations Strategy for the Management and Disposal of Used Nuclear Fuel and High-Level Radioactive Waste Endorsed key principles underpinning the Blue Ribbon Commissions recommendations2015 Presidential Memorandum Related to Disposal of Defense High-Level Radioactive Waste DOE announced a path forward for defense waste, and a parallel path for storage and disposal of commercial spent fuel September 23, 2015SFANS

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    Key Elements of Administration StrategyJanuary 2013September 23, 2015SFANS

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    Announcement of Parallel Path Forward in Waste Management

    On March 24, President Obama authorized the Energy Department to move forward with planning for a separate repository for high-level radioactive waste resulting from atomic energy defense activities.

    In remarks before the Bipartisan Policy Center, Secretary Moniz discussed this path forward for defense waste as well as a parallel path for storage and disposal of commercial spent fuel, consistent with the Administrations January 2013 Strategy for the Management and Disposal of Used Nuclear Fuel and High-Level Radioactive Waste, which built upon the work of the bipartisan Blue Ribbon Commission on Americas Nuclear Future completed in January 2012.

    Secretary Moniz announced three specific actions that the Department will undertake Planning for a defense-only repository Moving forward with planning for interim storage of commercial spent fuelMoving forward with a consent-based siting process for both types of facilities

    September 23, 2015SFANS

    Meeting with Tom Reilly

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    Areas of Focus Used Nuclear Fuel Disposition Programs

    Used Nuclear Fuel Disposition R&D Campaign Identify alternatives and conduct scientific research and technology development to enable storage, transportation and disposal of used nuclear fuel and wastes generated by existing and future nuclear fuel cycles.

    Nuclear Fuels Storage and Transportation Planning Project Lay the groundwork for implementing interim storage, including associated transportation, per the Administrations Strategy for the Management and Disposal of Used Nuclear Fuel and High-Level Radioactive Waste, and develop a foundation for a new nuclear waste management organization.

    September 23, 2015SFANS

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    Deep Borehole Field TestDemonstrate the scientific feasibility of deep boreholesDemonstrate safe processes and operations for safe waste emplacement downholeConfirm the safety, capacity, and feasibility of the deep borehole disposal concept for the long-term isolation of nuclear wasteSeptember 23, 2015SFANS

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    ConclusionsThe Office of Fuel Cycle Technologies is developing technology options that support a sustainable nuclear future.Balanced portfolio of near-term and long-term applications of technologySeeking innovation from laboratories and universities and technology applications in partnership with industryLeveraging limited resources through international collaboration

    The Department of Energy is also committed to moving forward with development of management strategies and technologies for the storage and disposal of used nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste.

    September 23, 2015SFANS

    Meeting with Tom Reilly

    Meeting with Tom Reilly*July 8, 2015Meeting with Tom ReillyMeeting with Tom Reilly*July 8, 2015Meeting with Tom ReillyMeeting with Tom Reilly*July 8, 2015Meeting with Tom ReillyMeeting with Tom ReillyOff Gas Capture and ImmobilizationCurrent U.S. regulations require unprecedented control of gaseous emissions and immobilization of the products:Plant iodine DF on the order of 10,000No sea disposal of iodine and tritiumNo venting of Kr-85 for fuel younger than 30 yearsPotential for the need to capture and immobilize C-14

    *Meeting with Tom Reilly*Meeting with Tom Reilly*July 8, 2015Meeting with Tom ReillyMeeting with Tom Reilly*July 8, 2015Meeting with Tom ReillyMeeting with Tom ReillyIt may be useful to say a few words about the steps leading up to the announcement by Secretary Moniz on March 24.

    First, the President exercised the authority under Section 8 of the Nuclea