Unit 5: Ancient Greece Introduction: Geography. Ancient Greece

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Transcript of Unit 5: Ancient Greece Introduction: Geography. Ancient Greece

  • Unit 5: Ancient Greece Introduction: Geography

  • Ancient Greece

  • Ancient GreeceMade of mountains and water

    Being so mountainous, most Greek city-states were located on the coast. Some settled inland and were isolated from the another city-states

  • Ancient Greece - travelTraveling By LandMost walked or rode a cart pulled by mules. Horse were rare and expensiveMany times, the rough mountain roads would break the wooden wheels of the cartsMain roads had inns, but this only provided shelter. Bedding and food had to be brought with you.Bandits often attacked those traveling

  • Ancient Greece - travelTraveling By SeaQuicker, but still uncomfortable and dangerousStorms could push boats off course or smash them into the rocky shorelineUsually sailed with the shore in sightOnly sailed during the day. Would anchor at night.Captains would sacrifice to PoseidonPirates often attacked those traveling

  • Ancient Greece Farming

    Good land and a reliable water source was difficult to find.

    Flat land in Greece is very rare.

  • Farming SolutionsThose who owned lots of land could make their own flat land.They would grow wheat and barley

  • Farming SolutionsThose who owned smaller amounts of land would grow things that required lessThey would grow grapes and olives

  • OlivesCookingSoapOil for lamps Used in trade

  • Ancient Greece - livestockMules, Oxen, DonkeyPigs ChickensGoats and Sheep:- wool- milk- cheese

  • Another solution to lack of farmlandColoniesSome city-states went across the Aegean Sea and set up coloniesThese colonies would grow crops and send it back to mainland GreeceThey would also trade with the local people and ship these items back to mainland Greece

  • TradeComing Out of Greece - Olive oil, pottery, wineComing in to Greece- Grain (Africa), timber (Italy), metal (Asia Minor)The trip across the Aegean typically took 2 months