Transition to Talkies

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Transition to Talkies. American Film Study E. Niemi + D. Summerlee. Silent Films. Silent films were never truly silent Musical accompaniment Piano player in smaller movie theaters Full orchestras or giant organs in more opulent movie palaces, including sound effects. Sound Development. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Transition to Talkies

Transition to TalkiesAmerican Film StudyE. Niemi + D. SummerleeSilent films were never truly silentMusical accompanimentPiano player in smaller movie theatersFull orchestras or giant organs in more opulent movie palaces, including sound effects

Silent Films

1922, developed a method of recording sound on the upper ridge of the film itselfTri-Ergon Developed by German inventorsFox Films acquired the rights a few year later and called it MoviephoneSimplified the editing of a sound filmSound Development

1926-1928 , sound-on-disc systemVitaphoneLike a recordDeveloped by Bell Telephone Technologies + Western ElectricWarner Bros.Don JuanJazz SingerSteamboat WillieSound Development

Don Juan = 1st film using this technology, no dialogue.41929, a need for more natural sounds

1933, altering speedKing Kong used lions roar, slowed down 1 octave

1935, stereo

1940, surround system + multiple tracksSound Development5Warner Brothers in financial difficultiesLooking for a gimmick1st talking picture, though still basically silentContained snatches of dialogue + 4 singing numbersActor Al JolsonSaved WB studios and the film industry as a whole1st full length, all talking motion picture: The Lights of New York (1928)

The Jazz Singer61927

The Jazz SingerWith the release of The Jazz Singer, all silent films in production were converted to talkiesSmaller, independent studios buckledControl in industry left to: Paramount, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM), Twentieth Century-Fox, WB & RKO (The Big 5)MicrophonesTalkies meant success for new people, but ended the careers of othersEnd of title writers, new type of writers needed, plot + dialogue matter even more nowProblemsSteamboat Willie (1928) 1st film to have a completely synchronized soundtrack including sound effects, music, + dialogueFlowers and Trees (1933)Disneys 1st three-color Technicolor filmThe Three Little Pigs (1933)gave hope for the nation during the GDOther animated features had a similar effect making audiences feel young and happy.Walt DisneyDisney himself did some of the dialogue on SBW. Took around $5000 to make.Other studios produced talking animated films before Disney, but Disneys was synchronized and more popular. Plus it introduced one of the most beloved cartoon characters!91928

Steamboat WillieFilms used as an escapePeople could momentarily forget their troublesOther things to rememberMusicals very popular 1930s-1950sExperiments with 2 & 3 color filmsFirst full length, full color film Wizard of Oz, then Gone With the Wind

The Great Depression1928ENORMOUS popular demand for talkiesTacky talkies earned more $ than good silent filmsTheaters w/ silent films played to empty houses

1929All studios stop producing silent filmsChaplin had one more in 1931Death of Silent Films12Shared experience changesTalking during movies is frowned upon.

Studio contract stars started to guarantee box office success for any motion picture in which they appeared.

Success of a particular type of movie at any one studio would result in a cycle of similar movies from other studios.

Public started demanding a greater degree of realism.(A manner of treating subject matter that presents a careful description of everyday life, usually of the lower and middle classes.) Long Term EffectsAre any of these relevant today?Can you think of a famous actor whos made a cruddy movie? Morgan Freeman Shawshank vs that dolphin movie. Can you think of copycat movies? Big rush of natural disaster movies after Twister.13