Toward an innovative Poland: The entrepreneurial discovery ... The entrepreneurial discovery process

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  • Toward an innovative Poland: The entrepreneurial discovery

    process and business needs analysis

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  • Toward an Innovative Poland:

    The Entrepreneurial Discovery Process and Business Needs Analysis

    1615116_EDP-Poland_REPORT.indd 1 5/27/16 3:42 PM

  • 1615116_EDP-Poland_REPORT.indd 2 5/27/16 3:42 PM

  • iii

    Contents List of Abbreviations ........................................................................................................................................................................................ iv

    List of Boxes ........................................................................................................................................................................................................vii

    List of Figures ....................................................................................................................................................................................................viii

    List of Tables ......................................................................................................................................................................................................... x

    Disclaimer and Copyright Statement........................................................................................................................................................xii

    Acknowledgments .........................................................................................................................................................................................xiii

    Preface.................................................................................................................................................................................................................xiv

    Executive Summary .........................................................................................................................................................................................xv

    1 Introduction ....................................................................................................................... 1

    2 “WHY”—Why Poland Needs Innovation to Grow ............................................................ 2

    3 “HOW”—The Role of the Entrepreneurial Discovery Process in Enhancing Innovation ................................................................................................. 10

    3.1 The concept of smart specialization, RIS3, and EDP ..................................................................................10

    3.2 Smart specialization and EDP in Poland......................................................................................................13

    3.3 Proposed entrepreneurial discovery process for Poland ..........................................................................20

    3.4 Cooperation model for the EDP in Poland ..................................................................................................30

    4 “WHAT”—Main Findings from the Project ..................................................................... 46

    4.1 Firm interviews ..............................................................................................................................................46

    4.2 Smart Labs ......................................................................................................................................................90

    4.3 Crowdsourcing ...............................................................................................................................................95

    4.4 Innovation maps ............................................................................................................................................97

    4.5 Champions Club ...........................................................................................................................................101

    4.6 Business support institutions: diagnosis and recommendations for reform ........................................102

    4.7 Lessons learned and challenges ahead ..................................................................................................... 110

    5 “SO WHAT?”—Conclusions and Recommendations ................................................... 115

    Annexes .............................................................................................................................................................................................................119

    References and Sources Consulted ........................................................................................................................................................ 120

    1615116_EDP-Poland_REPORT.indd 3 5/27/16 3:42 PM

  • iv

    List of Abbreviations

    BA Business angels

    BCC Business Centre Club

    BEEPS Business Environment and Enterprise Performance Survey

    BERD Business research and development spending

    BSI Business support institutions

    BTR Business and technology roadmap

    CEO Chief executive officer

    CFO Chief financial officer

    ChC Champions Club

    CIS Community Innovation Survey

    CNC Computer numerical control

    E2020 Europe 2020

    EBRD European Bank for Reconstruction and Development

    EC European Commission

    EDP Entrepreneurial discovery process

    EEN Enterprise Europe Network

    EO Economic Observatory

    EQFM European Quality Foundation Model

    EU European Union

    FDI Foreign direct investment

    GDP Gross domestic product

    GIG Mining Institute

    GUS National Statistics Office

    GVC Global value chain

    HIF Highly innovative firm

    ICT Information and communication technology

    IMF International Monetary Fund

    IPR Intellectual property rights

    IT Information technology

    KET Key enabling technology

    KFK National Capital Fund

    1615116_EDP-Poland_REPORT.indd 4 5/27/16 3:42 PM

  • v

    KIS National Smart Specialization

    KPO Knowledge process outsourcing

    KSF Key success factor

    KTP Knowledge Transfer Partnership

    KTT Knowledge and Technology Transfer

    M&E Monitoring and evaluation

    MO Marshal Office

    MoED Ministry of Economic Development (former Ministry of Economy or the Ministry of Infrastructure and Development)

    MoSHE Ministry of Science and Higher Education

    NABS Nomenclature for the Analysis and Comparison of Scientific Programmes and Budgets

    NBP National Bank of Poland

    NCBR National Center for Research and Development

    NCN National Centre for Science

    NGO nongovernmental organization

    OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

    OP Operational Program

    PARP Polish Agency for Enterprise Development

    PC Performance contract

    PKD Polish equivalent of the NACE classification

    PLN Polish zloty

    PPP Purchasing power parity

    PTG Priority target group

    R&D Research and development

    R&D&I Research and development and innovation

    RC Regional consultant

    RDI Research and development institution

    RGA Regional Growth Agreement

    RIM+ Regional Innovation Monitor Plus

    RIS3 Research and innovation strategy for smart specialization

    ROI Return on investment

    ROP Regional Operational Program

    RTO Regional Territorial Observatory

    1615116_EDP-Poland_REPORT.indd 5 5/27/16 3:42 PM

  • vi

    RUR Register of development services

    S3 Smart specialization

    SIEG2020 Strategy for Innovative and Efficient Economy

    SL Smart Lab

    SMEs Small and medium-size enterprises

    SOOIPP Association of Organizers of Institutions for Innovation and Entrepreneurship in Poland

    STEM Science, technology, engineering, and math

    STP Science technology park

    SWOT Strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats

    TFP Total factor productivity

    ToR Terms of reference

    TTL Task team leader

    TTO Technology Transfer Office

    VC Venture capital

    VCA Value-chain analysis

    WB World Bank

    WG Working Group

    1615116_EDP-Poland_REPORT.indd 6 5/27/16 3:42 PM

  • vii

    List of Boxes Box 1. Poland—A Growth Champion Despite Low Innovation ...........................................................................................................5

    Box 2. Definitions of smart specialization .................................................................................................................................................10

    Box 3. Definition of RIS3—research and innovation strategy for smart specialization ............................................................11

    Box 4. Definitions of the entrepreneurial discovery process (EDP) ..................................................................................................12

    Box 5. EDP