The Profile of District Kamber Shahdadkot Sindh Pakistan 2012

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The Profile of District Kamber Shahdadkot Sindh Pakistan 2012

Transcript of The Profile of District Kamber Shahdadkot Sindh Pakistan 2012

The Profile of District Kamber Shahdadkot Sindh PakistanCompiled by Sheikh Javed Ali Sindhi

SAROHCompiled by Saroh Social Development Organization Shahdadkot Saroh Office, Near Scientific Public School, Railway Station Road, Shahdadkot, District Kamber-Shahdadkot, Sindh, Pakistan- 77300 Ph: +92-74-4012896, Cell: +92-3337505896 E-mail: [email protected]

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Profile of Kamber Shahdadkot District, Sindh. .Introduction Official Name of the District Creation of the District District Headquarter Location Coordinates Elevation Geographical Area Population Total Number of Villages Average Household Size Religious Affiliation Ethnic Composition/ Groups Main Languages District Literacy Rate Writing System Occupations Average Life Expectancy Important Tribes & Castes Kamber Shahdadkot Under the Notification of 1/18/93 Rev-1 (IV) 1087 dated 24th Dec 2004 Kamber City (Population range of this place is 50,000-100,000) Kamber Shahdadkot is situated in North Western Extremity of Sind 27 19 and 27 52 North Latitude 67 14 and 68 28 East Longitude 154 ft / 47 m 14, 53, 383 Acres 11, 82,554 Souls (Urban 18% & Rural 82%) 1226 Villages affected by Indus River Floods in 2010 6 to 7 Muslims, Hindus, Christians & Sikhs Sindhi, Baloch, Siraiki, Brahui, Punjabi and others Sindhi, Balochi, Siraiki, Brahui, Punjabi, Urdu, English, Pakhto & Bhili NER 39% and PTR 50.4% (Larkana NER 46% and PTR 36.5% Sindhi, Urdu, Arabic, Persian & English Agriculture, Livestock Raring, Small Business and Government Jobs 65 Years (2011 estimated) kra 1) Chandia 2) Magsi 3) Khuhawar 4) Hakra 5) Soomra 6) Tunia 7) Abra 8) Isran 9) Rashidi 10) Syed 11) Gopang 12) Burira 13) Lakha 14) Sheikh 15) Silra 16) Panhwar 17) Sangi 18) Bhutta 19) Pirzada 20) Kalhora 21) Channa 22) Buledi 23) Rind 24) Mastoi 25) Jamali 26) Mugheri 27) Rahuja 28) Patooja 29) Masan 30) Jagirani 31) Lashari 32) Metla 33) Brohi 34) Shar 35) Bhada 36) Ahir 37) Kartia 38) Mirjat 39) Jat 40) Mirani 41) Mir Bahar 42) Mallah 43) Pathan/Sindhi 44) Sial 45) Depar 46) Ghanghera 47) Lakher 48) Kori 49) Memon 50) Khushik 51) Mughal/Sindhi 52) Chhajra 53) Joya 54) Qazi 55) Khosa 56) Wagan 57) Khaskheli 58) Shabrani 59) Chhuta 60) Gaincha 61) Bareecha/Barija 62) Bukeja 63) Koreja 64) Mahar 65) Qureshi 66) Siddiqui 67) Farooqui 68) Alvi 69) Abbassi 70) Ahmedi 71) Juneja 72) Naitch 73) Gorar 74) Jokhia 75) Ansari 76) Lorar 77) Jaj 78) Leghari 79) Supra 80) Hullia 81) Jatoi 82) Bhanger 83) Aacha 84) Dewera 85) Khoohara 86) Nangraj 87) Boohar 88) Kalwar 89) Chinjni 90) Hindu 91) Wadha 92) Hasula 93) Sangah 94) Kandhira 95) Sethaar 96) Budh 97) Lodra 98) Moriya 99) Chacha 100) Mangriya 101) Phulpota 102) Mangi 103) Hajam 104) Dakhan 105) Kumbhar 106) Sonara 107) Dahot 108) Kalaal 109) Gilaal 110) Lakhtia 111) Virkh 112) Deedar 113) Mangan 114) Chawera 115) Dhakan 116) Malana 117) Kamboh 118) Khokhar 119) Mahesar 120) Karira 121) Dombki 122) Ratar 123) Jhinjh 124) Jhinjhan 125) Jakhera 126) Chhalgiri 127) Khuwaja 128) Khoja 129) Jarwar 130) Sohu 131) Solangi/ Machhi 132) Qutria 133) Jhurir 134) Chodhia 135) Suhag 136) Lao 137) Katper 138) Markhand 139) Khand 140) Kharal 141) Awan 142) Ganwas 143) Khatyan 144) Ghaibana 145) Malhani 146) Larik 147) Samma 148) Saand 149) Bughia 150) Pechooha 151) Kachhi 152) Langah 153) Sakhani 154) Shahani 155) Bhatti 156) Mirzani 157) Balhar 158) Dera/ Deera 159) Chaki 160) Lohar 161) Wahoocha 162) Chan 163) Paraang 164) Malhoo 165) Teevina 166) Jalbani 167) Hisbani 168) Hisbani 169) Thathani 170) Daakan 171) Eri 172) Gogani 173) Seendhur 174) Gadra 175) Jhore 176) Lak 177) Talpur 178) Gujjer 179) Janwiri 180) Harijan 181) Kanyal 182) Seeanch 183) Ladhani 184) Lora 185) Bozdar 186) Marri 187) Wakka 188) Nangrani 189) Bhurigri 190) Kharani 191) Mangneja 192) Radhani 193) Sodhar 194) Thahim 195) Dangar 196) Chishti 197) Palal 198) Kanga 199) Bhaagat 200) Bojani 201) Dinari 202) Dashtak

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Cities Major Cities & Towns

Famous World Heritage

203) Unar 204) Lanjaar 205) Bahlim 206) Jakhra 207) Gorgeje 208) Saria 209) Phul 210) Dawachh 211) Ghaloo 212) Bhand 213) Roonjha 214) Roonghya 215) Pandhi 216) Dootia 217) Dahani 218) Chanwli 219) Harha 220) Manganhar 221) Mirali 222) Mirasi 223) Bhil 224) Bagri 225) Baleshahi 226) Qadri 227) Kurk 228) Sameja 229) Daya 230) Khati 231) Jhatial 232) Klalani 233) Gola 234) Jogi 235) Maka 236 Buk/ Book 237) Ghuleja 238) Reti 239) Maklani 240) Aliwal 241) Laar 242) Gadahi 243) Rid 244) Zangeja 245) Mekan 246) Rajput 247) Bohiya 248) Khanzada 249) Abra 250) Umrani 251) Ode 252) Khera 253) Mena 254) Tanwri 255) Detha 256) Pahore 257) Chhatani 258) Noonari 259) Guramani 260) Kohiyar 261) Odhana 262) Jhandeel 263) Dhamraha 264) Burdi 265) Khichi 266) Sanghroo 267) Mangwani 268) Babar 269) Choliyani 270) Budh 271) Lahori 272) Mochi 273) Qureshi 274) Ghota 275) Rajper 276) Kaleri 277) Jakhrani 278) Khemtia and 279) Sandila. 4) 1) Kamber 2) Shahdadkot 3) Miro Khan 4) Qubo Saeed Khan 5) Sijawal Junejo 6) Warah 7) Nasirabad 8) Mena 9) Chakiyani 10) Ghogharo 11) Dost Ali 13) Gahibidero 14) Ber Sharif 15) Ghathar 16) Chhajra 17) Kot Ghulam Shah 18) Raunti 19) Pakho 20) Khairpur Juso 21) Buthi 22) Bahram 23) Hakim Shah 24) Bharmi 25) Karira 26) Kachi Pul 27) Imam Bux Jamali 28) Umed Ali Junejo 29) Muhammad Khan Bhutto 30) Aitbar Khan Chandio 31) Joya 32) Rais Bhanbho Khan Chandio 33) Mahi Makol 34) Lashkri Khan Chandio 35) Purano Tharo 36) Shahpur 37) Eso Kalhoro 38) Khahi Meenhon 39) Garhi Kher Muhammad Kartio 40) Drigh Soomar Chandio 41) Noor Muhammad Sheikh 42) Naurang 43) Koor Suleman 44) Hullia 45) Bhawanda Lakha 46) Ahir 47) Dinar Buriro 48) Mirpur Buriro 49) Zar 50) Shah Wasayo 51) Sanjer Bhatti 52) Dhing 53) Shaho Jamali 54) Mian Shahal Muhammad Kalhoro 55) Sarang Khuhawar & 56) Silra. Mohenjo-Daro, the Capital of Indus Valle Mohenjodaro, the Capital of Indus Valley Civilization (2300 B-1650 B.C) or the Mound of the Dead, is an archeological site situated in the province of Sindh, Pakistan. Built around 2600 BC, it was one of the largest settlements of the ancient Indus Valley Civilization, and one of the world's earliest major urban settlements, existing at the same time as the civilizations of ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia, and Crete. Mohenjodaro was abandoned in the 19th century BC, and was not rediscovered until 1922. Significant excavation has since been conducted at the site of the city, which was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1980. The site of Mohenjo-daro also holds the record for the highest reliably-measured temperature ever recorded on the continent of Eurasia, 53.5C (128.3F) on May 26, 2010. Mohenjodaro is located in the Larkana District of Sindh, Pakistan, on a Pleistocene ridge in the middle of the flood plain of the Indus River Valley, around 28 kilometres (17 mi) from the town of Larkana. The ridge was prominent during the time of the Indus Valley Civilization, allowing the city to stand above the surrounding plain, but the flooding of the river has since buried most of the ridge in deposited silt. Another important Archeological Site beside this ancient city is Jhukkar Jo Daro 8 Kilometers away from Larkana. The site, spreading over 40 acres of land, was being used as firing range for the recruits of police training school Larkana. The other famous Archeological Sites of district are Bago Daro, Karohar Daro, Son Thariro, Dhing, Ghafoor Shah, Mehar Jo Daro, Lalan Ji Mari, Thariri Sanjer Bhatti, Noonran Ja Dara, Thariri Lahori Kot, Sando Daro, Thariri Karira, Kalar Daro, Dost Ali Daro

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Ancient Identification of the Area

kn The Prasiane Island of Indus River known as Oxycanus in Greek records. Oxycanus whose king was Porticanus subordinate ruler of Upper Sindh whose country formed an Island, took stand against Alexander the Great in Winter 325 B.C, but was defeated , captured and killed after 3 days siege of his strong fortress ; booty distributed among the soldiers, elephants retained for future wars and Porticanus men sold as slaves. According to M.H. Panhwar (1983) Mahota may have been the capital of Oxycanus. Alexander, moved, occupied Sambus Sambus Territories city by city including his capital Sindimana or present-day Sehwan. Diodorus (McCrindle, p. 292 states that Sambus collected 60,000 foot soldiers , 6000 horses and 500 Chariots from his cities which had democratic form of Government. This figure of soldiery from present Dadu and Larkana districts seems gross exaggeration. Alexander put 80,000 of Sambus men to the sword. According to Plutarch, it was at Sehwan, that he interviewed Logymnosophists (Brahmans or Yogis), who had made Sambus to rebel. Simultaneously Musicanus Musicanus, the chief of Machhka or Alore like Sambus and Porticanus was also defeated, captured by Peithon, and put to death; his cities razed to ground and inhabitants reduced to slavery. It was called Budhia (The Land of Budhists) during 8th Century A.D. In 15th Century it was called with the name of Chandookah (Chandka) Purgannah or the District of Chandio Tribe.Alexander the Great (536-323 B.C): The Macedonian Emperor Huan Tsang (602-664): The Famous Chinese Traveler Ibn-e-Batuta (1304-1369): The Renowned Arab Traveler Nawab Mir Muhammad Masoom Bakhri (1600): The Minister of Akber The Great Mian Shahal Muhammad Kalhoro (1657): The Pioneer of Mianwal Movement Shaheed Haji Khan Marri (1699): The Great General of Kalhora Army in Sindh Nindo Khoso/Kaano (1699): The Disciple of Mian Naseer Muhammad Kalhoro Prince Dara Shikoh (1615-1659): The eldest son of Mughal empere Shah Jehan Mian Yar Muhammad Kalhoro (1719): The Legendary Kalhora Ruler of Sindh. Mian Noor Muhammad Kalhoro (1719): The great reformer of Sindh Mian Shah Baharo Jhinjhan (1735): The Well-known Kalhora Army General Mian Dato Khuhawar (1740): The Hatim of Tayee (Great Generous) of Chandka Nadir Shah Afshar (1698-1747): The Founder of Afsharid Dynasty in Iran Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai (1689-1752): The famed Sufi Saint and Poet of Sindh Mian Ghulam Shah Kalhoro (1762): The Constructer of Kalhora Monuments Mian Abdul Nabi Kalhoro (1776-1783): The Last Kalhora King of Sindh Mian Hassan Lakho (1779): The General of Kalhora Army on Sindh Kalat border Muhammad Hassan Khuhawar (1783): The Great General of Kalhora Army. Mir Nasir Khan Noori (1749-1817): The Illustrious Khan of Kalat Bibi Zainab Brahui (1819): The Well-known Daughter of Mir Nasir Khan Noori Mir Ghulam Ali Khan Talpur (1811): The Great Supporter of Balochis in Larkna Sir Hennery Pottinger (1789-1856): The 1st Baronet and Governor of Hong Kong Nawab Wali Muhammad Khan Leghari (1812): The famed Larkana Governor Captain Charles Masson (1800-1853): The Great Explorer and Traveler in India Nawab Bahdur Khokhar (1830): The Governor of Kamber Shahdadkot Mir Sobdar Khan Talpur (1843): The Jagirdar of Koor Dato Shahdadkot Muhammad Hassan Jamali (1837): The In charge of Talpur Army at Qubo Sir John Keane (1781-1844): The Commander In Chief during 1st Anglo Afghan War Sir Charles Napier (1782-1853): The First British Governor General of Sindh Nawab Wali Muhammad Chandio (1850): The Great Chandio Warior and General Brigadier General John Jacob (1812-1858): The Protector of Upper Sindh Borders Khanbahadur Pir Bux Khan Khuhawar -I (1858):The Great developer of Shahdadkot Lieutenant Hugh James (1847): The Collector of Chandka/ Larkana District Mian Hamid Huzoori Tunio (1872): The Great Sufi Saint, Philosopher and Poet Khuwaja Mian Ghulam Siddique Mekan (1844-1905): The Great Religious Scholar A.W.Hughes (1876): The Compiler of Gazetteer of Sindh Imam Bux Khan Jamali (1901): The Wellknown Jagirdar of Shahdadkot Taluka

Famous names in district background

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J.W.Smyth (1918): The Compiler of Sindh Gazetteer Larkana District Sardar Muhammad Bux Khan Khuhawar- I(1932): The Shahdadkot Landholder N.G.Majmadar(1938): The Renowned Archeologist and Explorer of India Pir Turab Ali Shah Rashidi (1857-1938): The Great Freedom Fighter of Sindh H.T.Lambrick (1940): The Famous British Civil Servant in Larkana Nawab Sir Ghaibi Khan Chandio (1872-1954): The Chief of Chandia Tribe in Sindh Khanbahadur Ali Hassan Khan Hakro (1881-1936): Well-known Kamber Zamindar Noor Muhammad Sheikh (1868): The Famous Kamber Zamindar Ghulam Mustafa Jarwar (1970s): An influential landholder in Shahdadkot Nawab Gul Muhammad Khan Zeb Magsi (1884-1953): The Great Persian Poet Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto (1928-1979): The First elected Prime Minister of Pakistan Nawab Shabir Ahmed Khan Chandio (1948-2009): The Chief of Chandio Tribe Mir Saifullah Khan Magsi (1970s): The Chief of Jhal Magsi, Balochistan Mahraj Gopi Krishan(1910-1992): The First Chairman of Shahdadkot Municipality Abdul Ghafoor Bhurgri ( 1920s): The Celebrated Advocate and Writer of District Mohtarma Benazair Bhutto (1953-2007): The First elected Prime Minister of Pak Dr. Muhammad Yar Khuhawar (1948): The World ranked Scientist and Scholar Maulana Muhammad Ibrahim Palal Karirai (1980s): The Great Religious Scholar Syed Hussain Shah Bukhari (1936): The Prominent Religious Guide in the District Mir Buxal Khan Magsi/Hasrani (1920): The Influential landlord of Kamber Area Veena Shringi (1948): The Famous Writer and Broadcaster of Shahdadkot Nawab Sardar Khan Chandio: The Chief of Chandio Tribe Mir Nadir Ali Khan Magsi: The MPA of Shahdadkot Ramesh Lal: The MNA of Shahdadkot Mir Amir Khan Magsi: The MNA of Kamber Shahdadkot Hizbullah Bughio: The MNA of Kamber Shahdadkot Ghulam Mujadid Isran: The MPA of Kamber Shahdadkot Munawar Ali Abbassi: The MPA of Kamber Shahdadkot Abdul Aziz Jatoi: The MPA of Kamber Shahdadkot Najamdin Abro: The MPA Kamber Shahdadkot Syed Gul Muhammad Shah Bukhari: The Celebrated Scholar and Poet Comrade Muhammad Urs Silro: The Well known Labour Leader Wahab Pandrani: The Illustrious Human Rights Activist Zulfiqar Ali Kalhoro: The Illustrious PhD Scholar and Travel Writer Kahlid Hussain Channa: The Famous Educationist, Social Activist & Trainer Sheikh Javed Ali Sindhi: Research Scholar, Social Activist and Writer cum Trainer Comrade Wali Muhammad Manganhar: The famous Journalist & Travel Writer Noushaba Rahim Barijo: The Celebrated Women Development Professional Bhau Dur Muhammad Buriro : The Well known Political Activist and Writer Faryal Akhter Brohi: President Pakistan Peoples Party (LW) Kamber Shahdadkot Rubina Chandio: The Famed Women Rights Activist Master Manzoor Wadho: The Celebrated Singer of Kamber Shahdadkot

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Physical Features Position of the Area Areas Boundaries/ Neighboring Areas District Kamber-Shahdadkot is situated in the north-west of Sindh Pakistan District Kamber Shahdadkot borders with District Khuzdar, Jafferabad and Jhal Magsi Balochistan on the West, West North. It is connected with District Dadu on South. It borders with District Larkana from the eastern side while on the North it is connected with District Jacobabad Sindh. The Khirthar extends southward for about 190 miles (300 Km) from the Mula River in east-central Balochistn to Cape Muri (Monze) west of Karchi on the Arabian Sea. The word Khirthar in Sindhi means milk-cream which is a bit luxurious name for the harsh environment here. A range of limestone hills and mountains referred to by the old writers as the Hallar, but generally known as the Khirthar range, extends along the whole western boundary of the district, with a breadth of 19 to 21 kilometers in a straight line. The Khirthar range consists of an ascending series of ridges, running generally north to south with broad, flat valleys in between. These ridges are locally distinguished by different names, fo r example, the first line of hills is known as Kakrio (broken), the next as Karo(Black), and the third as Pinaro (Saffron coloured). The range forms the boundary between the Lower Indus Plain (east) and southern Balochistn (west). It consists of a series of parallel, rock hill ridges rising from 4,000 feet (1,200 m) in the south to nearly 8,000 feet (2,500 m) in the north. It is drained in the north by the Kolchi River and in the south by the Hab and Lyri rivers. Khirthar National Park is also second largest Wildlife Park in Khirthar range. Khirthar and is located between the Balochistan and in Karachi, this hilly area is covered with limestone hills are rise from 4000 to nearly 8000 feet and surround by a fossilized remnants from distinct ages from ancient times. The inhabitants of the region, chiefly Balochi, Sindhi, and Brahui tribes subsist by flock grazing. Chhuttas of Balochistan, Chandios and Gainchos of Sindh also live in this area. Rare species of Animals found in Khirthar National park like, Sindh Wild Goat, Indian Fox, Egyptian vulture, Indian Pangolin, Desert Wolf, Chinkara Gazelle, Honey Badger, Jackal, Asiatic leopard, Bonnelli's eagle, Stripped Hyena, Jungle cat, and also a numbers of reptile and bird species found in Khirthar national park. 01) Miangun 5096 Feet 02) Machhul 4948 Feet 03) Wangoo 4867 Feet 04) Nighand 2997 Feet 05) Darhiyaro 6500 Feet 06) Kutey-Ji-Kabbar 6850 Feet

Famous Mountain Range

Famous Mountain Peaks

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Important Mountain Passes

Harbab Lak Kori Jo Lak Ghiti Sarah Kakar Lak Wadh Lak Dara Jo Lak Kachrak Tank aen Lorh Jo Lak Wangoo Lak Laley Jo Ban

Longest Mountain River

Important Hill Torrents / Nais

50 Khenji River makes a head start from 1508 m (5000 ft) high peak Machhul and causes flash floods during rains. This point is also called as Toshangi/ Tushangi in the shape of a natural pond. From this pond one can see the Khenji making a Y; hence its called Treshangi, meaning Three Barched corrupted to Toshangi or Tushangi. Due to some prehistoric earthquakes walls of this channel fell no less than 200 meters to the water below. From this point, unseen by mortal man, the Khenji River, not entirely 50 Kilometers in length, is borne inside the abyssal womb of primordial Limestone fed by myriad hidden springs of Khirthar. This is what H.T.Lambrick, a British Archeologist and Civil Servant (1940) had called the Grand Canyon of Sindh, between vertical cliffs 500 feet high. Toshangi is reached from Larkana. From Larkana a road goes westwards to the town of Kambar and then further to the village of Garhi Khair Muhammad Kartio and the last stop on this paved road is the town of Ghaibi Dero. Ghaibi Dero is 64 km (39.3 miles) from Larkana. Ghaibi Dero is famous because it is the seat of famous and powerful Chandio family. Ghaibi Dero also lies at the head of the Khenji River. From here a jeep track follows Khenji River westwards for an hours jeep journey (other choice is to travel by camel) until it reaches a village called Rahu jo Aitho. This little village is the starting point of Toshangi gorge. Salman Rashid visited Khenji River in 1990s. 01) Narani 02) Mardan 03) Khargani 04) Buz 05) Alkah 06) Dhadhar 07) Khenji 08) Wahandri 09) Trapen 10) Mazarani 09) Sita 10) Teerani 11) Tuni Nai, 12) Gerelo 13) Buri 14) Dilan 15) Chhanhyar 16) Kehar Ji Nai 17) Radh 18) Saghro 19) Tuni

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Hills of Mountaniuos Areas Discovery of Petro glyphs

Mountain Dams/ Mountain Dams/ Gabarbands Natural Lakes Fmous Desert Area

Geology

Wildlife/ Fauna

Climate

Temperature

Rainfall Forests Irrigation System

Ashiq Ji Takri, Dode Pandi Ji Takri, Kute-Ji-Kabbar, Toopi Takri, Dinar Ji Takri, Thooth Takri, Basran Ji Takri, Dara Ji Takri, Pir Aali Sadi Ji Takri. 01 The Petroglyphs were discovered in 2001 in Khirthar Range at Seeta Nai. It is most important Nai between Khenji and Mazarani Nai which opens out into the Ghaibidero Jagir in Kamber area. These Petroglyphs are said to be 8000 years old Gorbandi constructed by the British Government of India in 1861A.D a) Saroh b) Badam c) Lihore d) Drigh e) Atan f) Langh g) Changro h) Haso i) Hamal j) Kachhri and k) Lahori The Pat or Shikarpur Desert described by Captain Charles Masson in 1839. He entered Sindh from Kalat, Jhal Magsi and Ghaibidero. His famous Book is Narrative of Various Journeys in Balochistan, Afghanistan, Punjab and Kalat Vol: 4) 1844. Charles Masson mentions the Tomb of Haji Marri in his narratives which still stands on a hilltop in west of Qubo Saeed Khan. The following are the chief kinds of soil and the crops for which they are most suited: 1. Latiari Suitable for Wheat, Cotton, Gram, Chickling Vetch and oil Seeds 2. Gasiari-Suitable for Rice and Wheat 3. Chiki Suitable for all crops 4. Nao-Suitable for Juar, Bajri and Tir 5. Kalrathi-Suitable for Rice and Jambho 6. Kalar-Unsuitable for any crop. The Pheasant, Leopard, Deer, Sindh Ibex, Black Buck, Fox, Jackal, Crocodiles, Turtles, Wild Sheep, Cobra, Water Fowls, Markhor, Ottor, Lizards and different type of Mammals, Reptiles, Birds, Fish, Amphibians and Insects etc. The Climate of Kamber Shahdadkot District is next to that of the Jacobabad the severest in the Province as well as in the country. The climate of Kamber Shahdadkot district is mainly dry, with rain-fall varying between 5 to 10 inches in a year. There are 4 distinct seasons Winter (Autumn) November-Mach, Spring March-April, Summer May-October and Monsoon July-September The highest temperature ever recorded in Sindh was 53.5 C (128.3 F), which was recorded in Mohenjodaro on 26 May 2010. It was not only the hottest temperature ever recorded in Pakistan but also the hottest reliably measured temperature ever recorded in the continent of Asia and the fourth highest temperature ever recorded on earth. Mohenjodaro is only 47 Kilometers away from Kamber. Mosquitoes are also common element. Dust Storms also are not known, and fierce hot winds are common during the Chaliho or the 4O Days succeeding the 10th of Jeth, or May 15th. In the Winter Season Frost is Common which causes accidents on roads and highways. 5 to 10 inches per year (During Monsoon Season) The Forest areas have been disappeared and these are now cultivable lands The lands of the district are irrigated through Sukkur Barrage (1932). The names of main canals and branches are as follows; Ghar Wah, Noor Wah, Shahdadkot Branch, Tanwary, Patooja, Kot Shahbeg, Qubo , Saifullah Magsi Branch, Edan , Begari, Dhori, Rabbi,Koor Dato, Koor Shah, Koor Maqsoodo, Kunwar, Puna, Ganhwar, Doabo, Naurang, Hasla, Khan Wah, Sheikh Wah, Fatoohal Wah, Raj Wah, Acho Wah, Panhwaro, Naseer(Gath), Kario Murad Ali, Koor Kamal, Koor Hasan Lakho, Koor Ali Khan, Koor Suleman, Koor Matal, Wagan and Chilo Wah.

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Natural Disasters/ Hazzards Profile Indus River & Flash Floods

(T 1737, 1759 (Kalhora Period) 1787, 1839 (Talpur Period) 1849, 1861, 1870, 1874, 1885, 1899, 1915, 1921, 1929, 1942, 1944 (British Period) 1948, 1956, 1973, 1976, 1983, 1995, 2007, 2010 (Pakistan Period) See WWW.Google.com The Short History ofShahdadkot Floods (1737-2007) Sindhi 24 Pages 201

Earthquakes

Famines/ Great Famines/ Drought

Plague/ Pest Infections

The 1935 Balochistan Earthquake occurred on 31 May 1935 at 3:02 am at Quetta, Balochistan, British India (now part of Pakistan). The earthquake had a magnitude of 7.7 Mw and anywhere between 30,000 and 60,000 people died from the impact. This ranks as one of the deadliest earthquakes that hit South Asia. The quake was centred 4.0 kilometres South West of Ali Jaan, Balochistan, British India. Nawab Yousif Aziz Magsi, Chief of Jhall Magsi Balochistan and one of the great personalities of Kamber Shahdadkot also died in this historic earthquake. Some jolts of Earthquake have also been felt in recent years. twi North Western Provinces, Delhi, Sindh (twice) local in 1745 A.D. Other Famines of British Era (1770-1947) were as under; (1) 1770-1800 A.D, 4 Famines, Deaths 12 Millions, (2) 1800-1825 A.D, 5 Famines, Deaths 1 Million (3) 1825-1850 A.D, 2 Famines, Deaths 0.5 Millions (4) 1850-1875 A.D, 6 Famines, Deaths 5 Millions (5)1875-1900 A.D, 18 Famines, Deaths 26 Millions (6) 1900-1925 A.D, 1 Famine, Deaths 0.23 Millions and (7) 1925-1947, 1 Famine, Deaths 5 Millions. From 1770-1947 total 40 Famines ravaged India including Sindh and a total 58.73 Million people died due to starvation and hunger. It used to be held as a maxim that plague never appeared east of the Indus; nevertheless it was observed during the 19th century in more than one distinct centre in India. So long ago as 1815 the disease appeared in Guzerat, Kathiawar and Cutch, after three years of severe famine." Following is the details of Bombay Presidency (including Bombay City) regarding Plague effects; 1896 ( 2,219) 1897 (47,710) 1898 (86,191) 1899 (96,592) 1900 (33,196) 1901(1,28,259) 1902 (1,84,752) 1903 (2,81,269) 1904 (2,23,957) 1905 (71,363) and 1906 (51,525). This disease is caused by Rates and the old people of Kamber Shahdadkot call it as the name of Black Death. 1840 Shahdadkot and 1844 in Kamber (Source: Outram and General John Jacob) Rind Magsi (1838 A.D), Chandio Magsi (1919 A.D), Chandia Sheikh Chandia Khuhawar, Magsi Gopang, Magsi Brohi, Chandia Burira, Storms, Epidemics, Land sliding in Khirthar Area, Pollution (Kilns), Terrorism (Bomb blasts) Sectarian Violence (Shia-Sunni) and Highways Accidents. More than 100 under Society (1865) and Social Welfare Act (1962)See WWW.Google .com The NGOs Directory District Kamber Shahdadkot 2010-2012, Pages 21

Fire Incidents Tribal Conflicts/ Blood Feuds other List of other disasters No of NGOs in district

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Chronological B.CA.D) History/ Chronological Table (35000 B.C-2012 A.D) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. (a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. Middle Stone Age Late Stone Age in Upper Sindh Hunting and Fishing Tribes Mesolithic Period Mesolithic Period/ Neolithic at Mehrgarh Neolithic Period in Sindh Calcolithic Period/Indus Culture Amri Early Indus Culture Kot Diji Mohenjodaro / Mature Indus Culture: Cemetry H. / Declining Indus Culture Jhukar Jhangar Coming of Rig-Vedic Aryans Coming of Aryans in Sindh Composition of Rig-Veda Composition of Later Hymns of 3 Rig-Vedas Writing of Brahmans Paited Grey Ware at Lakhiyaro Pir A New Wave of Indo European Mingration at Swat Later Brahmana Period Sutra Period Earliest Upnishads 16 Mahapadhayas (Kingdoms) of the Sub-Continent Pali as the Official Language of Budhists Achaemenians Sindh Principalities Alexander and his successors Mauryans Introduction of Buddhism in Sindh Bactrian Greeks Scythians Parthians Kushans in Upper Sindh Parthians (Whole Sindh after 175 A.D) Sassanians Vahlikas Sindh Principalities Huns of Malwa Rais of Sindh Brahmans of Sindh Umayyad Governors Abbasid Governors Habbaris Soomras Sammas Arghoons Turkhans Mughal Governors of Delhi Kalhora Rulers of Sindh Talpur Rulers of Sindh British Government of India Government of Pakistan : 500,000 Years ago-35000 B.C. : 35000 B.C.-9000 B.C : 9000 B.C-3500 B.C : 6000 B.C-4000 B.C : 6000 B.C-4000 B.C : 4000 B.C-3500 B.C : 35000 B.C-900 B.C : 3500-2300 B.C : 2800-2300 B.C : 2300-1650 B.C :1750-1350 B.C : 1650-1350 B.C : 1200-900 B.C : 1000 -900 B.C in Swat, 900-800 B.C in Balochistan : 800 B.C :1000 B.C : 1000-800 B.C : 800 -600 B.C : 800 B.C : 713 -440 B.C : 700 B.C : 600-200 B.C : 600 -500 B.C : 600-500 B.C : 550-B.C- 2nd Century of Christian Era : 519-4500/400 / 325B.C : 450-400 B.C : 325-323 B.C : 321-187 B.C : 272 B.C : 184-70 B.C : 70 B.C-46 A.D : 46-78 A.D : 78-175 A.D : 78-283A.D : 283-356 A.D : 356-415 A.D : 415-475 A.D : 475-499 A.D : 499-641 A.D : 641-711 A.D : 711-750 A.D : 751-854 A.D : 854-1011 A.D : 1011-1351 A.D : 1351-1524 A.D : 1524-1554 A.D : 1554-1591 A.D : 1591-1700 A.D : 1701-1783 A.D : 1783-1843 A.D : 1843-1947 A.D : 1947-Todate (2012)

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Government Form of Government Head of Government Legislature Constitution Highest Court Law Enforcement Agencies Seats of National Assembly Seats of Provincial Assembly Noted Political Parties Total Number of Registered Voters Voting Qualification Administrative & Revenue Units District Government under Sindh Province of Pakistan Deputy Commissioner (DC) District Council Assembly 1973 Constitution The District Sessions Court situated at Kamber Pakistan Army, Pakistan Rangers & Sindh Police NA 206 & NA 207 PS 38, PS 39, PS 40, PS 41 & PS 42 Pakistan Peoples Party, Muslim League (N/ Functional Groups), PPP (SB) 3, 13, 577 18 years are eligible for casting their votes 7 Talukas, 20 Circles, 40 Union Councils, 70 Tapas and 282 Dehs.

A General Information of Distribution of Kamber Shahdadkot, Sindh. Name of Taluka Year of Taluka Formation 1862 1883 1911 2004 1876/2004 1901 2004 Areas in Acres 522462 125283 185011 269505 92287 175803 83032 14,53383 Union Councils 10 06 04 03 04 07 06 40 No. of Circles 04 03 02 03 02 03 03 20 No. No. of Tapas 18 08 07 08 07 12 10 70 No. No. of Dehs 62 39 38 38 32 43 30 282 Estimated Estimated Population as in 2007 3,15024 1,62,310 1,26,653 82,148 1,02,759 2,17,257 1,76,403 11,82,554

Kamber Shahdadkot Miro Khan Qubo Saeed Khan Sijawal Junejo Warah Nasirabad

According to OCHA Pakistan Floods Data (2010) the total population of Kamber Shahdadkot District is 12, 21,283 from which 8, 92, 500 were affected from Indus River floods of August 2010.

Battle of Miani 1843 and General John Jacob of Jacobabad

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Means of Transportaion Main Roads wn There are many roads connecting the towns and villages. From Kamber roads lead to Larkana (East), Gahibidero (West), Dost Ali (North-West), Shahdadkot, Qubo Saeed Khan & Khuzdar (North), Miro Khan & Sijawal Junejo (NorthNorth West), Ratodero (North-East) and Khairpur Juso (South West). Mostly the roads are metaled and constructed with bridges and culverts everywhere. The Ratodero Gawadar Motorway consists of 64 Kilometers long road which is a part of 892 Km long Gawadar-Ratodero Project. This is 7.30 meters wide 4 lane road with 3.0 meter wide paved shoulders including 5 bridges and 154 culverts. The estimated cost of the project is PKR 1081 Million. Its client is National Highway Authority (NHA) Pakistan. The Project will be completed in 2016. ah , During Inundation before 1932 Ghar Wah, Koor Dato, Edan Wah, Begari Canal, Noor Wah and Koor Sando and other branches of Kalhora Irrigation System were navigable, and boats regularly ply on them. The North-Western Railway ran through the district from north to south. A light railway was constructed from Larkana to Kamber and thence to Shahdadkot and Jacobabad in Upper Sindh in 1918 during First World War. The names of the Railway Stations are as follows; 1) Larkana 2) Biro Chandio3) Pir Muhammad Metlo 4) Kamber 5) Bahram (Hethyon) 6) Ghulam Muhammad Kariro near Golo Wah 7) Silra Shahdadkot 8) Bhurgri 9) Umed Ali Junejo. After this came the Railway Station of Garhi Khero in District Jacobabad. Most of the Railway Stations have been deserted and are occupied by the flood affected poor people who have made them as their shelter due to severe poverty. There was an airport in Kamber during World War 2

Old Waterways

Railways

Airport Means of Communication Newspapers Radio TV The Internet Telecommunication Mobile Communication Public Call Offices Post Offices Means of Transportations Buses Wagons

English, Sindhi, Urdu Dailies published throughout the country FM Sachal Larkana No TV Centere at Kamber Shahdadkot as well as Upper Sindh Broadband Subscribers Nearly all Taluka Headquarters have Telecommunication Centres Ufone, Mobilink, Telenor, Zong, Warid There are Telephone Booths or Public Call Offices (PCOs) in all shopping areas All Taluka Headquarters have Post Offices for delivering letters and parcels

Coaches

Bus services are available round the clock everywhere in the district Scheduled Wagon Service available including Kamber, Shahdadkot, Qubo Saeed Khan, Garhi Khero, Sijawal Junejo, Ratodero, Miro Khan, Warah, Nasirabad, Sukkur & Hyderabad. Long distance Coach Service is available for Khuzdar, Osta Muhammad, Quetta,

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Taxis Chingche Chingche Donkey Carts Economy Monetary Unit/ Currency Weight & Measures Agriculture / Principal Crops

Hyderabad and Karachi Taxis can be hired everywhere These are used by public in both cities and villages Donkey Carts are generally used for carrying loads from one place to another

Livestock Forestry

Fishing

Mining

Pakistani Rupee (PKR) Metric System Major Crops of District Kamber Shahdadkot are Rice, Wheat, Juwari, Bajri, Sesame, Rape, Jambho, Gram & Chickling. The indigenous vegetables are cultivated in every taluka. While some European Vegetables are also grown in some of the farmlands and gardens during Cold Season. Other important Agricultural Products are Sugarcane, Pulses, Maize, Oil Seeds, Mutton and Poultry Camels, Water Buffaloes, Cows, Goats, Sheep etc. The forestry sector of Pakistan is a main source of lumber, paper, fuel wood, latex, medicine as well as food and provide ecotourism and wildlife conservation purposes. Less than 4% of land in Pakistan is covered with forests which are far below the optimal standard of 25% Forest cover for a country. No areas were reserved for forests in ex Larkana or present Kamber Shahdadkot area in 18801881 and 1890-1891 but in 1901-1902, 1910-1911 and in 1915-1916 such lands of 96 Sq miles were protected for Forests. The Chief Products of these forests were Timber, Firewood, Grazing, Babul Pods, Lac/Lakh etc. Most of the forest area after the creation of Pakistan was cut off by the local people and some were used by the dacoits as their hides in remote areas. 44244Acres have been protected for forests in Taluka Kamber in recent years. a Fresh water capture fisheries are dominated by the Indus River and its tributaries. The fish fauna of the Indus system in its northern part is cold-water type, while the greater middle and southern parts of the system are warm-water zones. Fisheries in rivers and reservoirs account for more than 80 percent of total inland fish production. In the Sindh alone there are more than 100 natural lakes of different sizes covering an area of about 100,000 ha. Among them Haleji lake (1,800 ha), Kinjhar Lake (12,000 ha) and Manchhur lake (16,000 ha) are quite important for fish production. Manchar alone supports 2,000 fishing families. Apart from these big lakes, a cluster of small lakes extend over 40,000 ha. Local people of the area catch a large number of fish from Saroh and Hamal Lakes. i Petroleum, Natural Gas, Iron Ore, Chromite, Lead, Zinc, Uranium, Limestone, Rock Salt, Gypsum, Silicia Sand and Sulpher. Mazarani Gas Field is very famous.

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Industry The Shahdadkot Textile Mills was situated in the north of Shahdadkot City. It was one of the biggest Industrial Complex, employing roundabout 4500 workers in Larkana or present Kamber-Shahdadkot District and Upper Sindh. This Textile plant was established in 1974 under the instructions of Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, the then Prime Minister of Pakistan. Raza Shah Pahlavi (1919-1980) the last Shah of Iran had assisted Pakistani Government for the installation of this Mega Project in Shahdadkot. After several years the Machinery was fitted In 1976. The Mills was spread on 200 Acres or 400 Jarebs of Land in Deh Chandia, Shahdadkot. Originally this land is said to be the property of Rais Ali Hassan Khan Chandio who was a close friend of Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto. In 1977 it was about to be completed when Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto was arrested. The total expenditure on this mills is estimated to be 66 Crore Rupees. In 1978 this Mills was started and it became a main source of livelihood for many laborers of Sindh, Balochistan, NWFP, Punjab and Kashmir. Its first General Manager was Yaqoob Beg Siddiqui. After its completion, the plant started up production regularly around 1981. It had 25000 spindles which had 117 Frames. It was a complete industrial plant of its times, comprising spinning, weaving, dying and all required processes for textile production. The laborers worked in shifts. Each of the shifts worked for 8 hours and had total 35 working men in each section. In this way each of the Shift could produce 30/35 or 40 Bales and each of the Bales Mills was of Rs.8000/= worth. There were 40 Cones in every Bale. The cloth of different kinds was printed here and it was sold in Faisalabad/ Punjab. A famous Lawn called JHALAK was printed here and it had large sale in whole of the country. Its Advertisement was also shown on PTV. It became very popular and thus Punjab Factories Owners tried to beat this mills production. The textile products of this Mills were of export quality too. The Mills produced cloth and Thread till 1985. In 1986 General Zia paid a visit to Kazi Fazalullah House at Larkana. There, some workers of Textile Mills reached and presented their problem before Zia therefore he announced the Salaries of workers from USHAR & ZAKAWAT Funds. Nearly 4000 workers got the salaries in this way. He also announced that the Mills would not be shifted to Punjab or somewhere else. In 1988 Benazir Bhutto returned to country and she started the mills in her Government Tenure. Till 1990 the Mills again produced fine Polyester productions of various designs. Abdul Fatah Bhatti, funded by Nisar Memon-a contractor from Karachi, was fully authorized to operate in the Mills. Fatah Bhatti expelled even the few remaining workers from the Mills and put up a notice of closure of the Mills on July 8, 2007.After a number of protests Nisar Memon promised in front of citizens and Nader Khan Magsi that he would run the Mills again but he did not materialize his promise and shifted whole machinery to Karachi. In this way the onces great productive mills came into ruins and Its bricks were sold on the meager amount. Now it wears a deserted look. The present small industries are as follows; Electronic goods, Agricultural tools, Construction material and Food Processing through Bakeries and shops.

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Source of Energy WAPDA started working District Larkana from 1958. Kamber, Shahdadkot, Miro Khan and Dokri were provided electricity through Larkana Grid Station in 1968. The other main sources of Energy are Oil, Thermal, Solar, Liquid Petroleum Gas and CNG Stations. Mazarani Gas Field Located in District Kamber-Shahdadkot in Sindh, (MGF) was discovered in 1959 but lay dormant for almost 30 years owing to low gas demand. The field is a joint venture between Pakistan Petroleum Limited and Government Holdings (Private) Limited. A total of 4 wells have so far been drilled in MGF, of which three are producing presently. Initially, two wells Maz 2 and Maz 3 were drilled in 1990. A gas processing facility was also commissioned and commercial production began in June 2003. During 2002 2003, the field was also developed for supply to SSGCL and a 75km gas transmission pipeline laid for the purpose. In 2007, Maz 4 was drilled to maintain production. 1959 Discovery 41 Bcf gas; 0.215 MMbbl condensate* Recoverable Reserves 87.5 percent PPL Working Interest 10 MMscf gas; 41 bbl condensate** Daily Average Production 3 Producing Wells Manufacturing Manufacturing Tourism Major Major Exports Major Imports Major Trade Partners for Exports Major Trade Partners for Imports Largest Trade Centre Small Small Investment Projects Financial Institutions / Banks Hotels & Restaurants o Food Products, Construction Material, Non Electrical Machinery, Iron and Steel, Tractor Trolleys, Bullock Carts and Donkey Carts. There are low Tourism facilities in district Kamber Shahdadkot Wheat, Rice, Mangoes, Lemons, Watermelons, Dates, Vegetables, Handicrafts, Leather Items, Embroidery Pieces, Sindhi Caps and Animal Hides, Medicines, Vehicles, Iron ore, Petroleum, Edible oil, Cosmetics India, Saudi Arabia, China, Afghanistan, Iran & UAE China, Japan, India, Iran, Afghanistan, United States, Malaysia, Thailand. Shahdadkot having 85 Rice Mills and other small businesses Fishing Farms, Poultry and Embroidery Work must be encourages as livelihoods National Bank of Pakistan, MCB, UBL, HBL, Al-Habib, JS Bank, Allied Bank, The Sindh Bank, Agriculture Development Bank, National Savings Centers. There are small service of Hotels and Restaurants in the district. Mostly all of the Officials, Development Sector Professionals stay at Asia, Paris Inn, Sapna, Green Palace and other Hotels at Larkana. 1)Wear very light, preferably Cotton /Rayon mix clothing is required for the hotter months of the year 2) Woolen garments are required during the Winter even in the plains. For local assistance , information and planning your holidays , please contact SAROH Tourist Information Centre Shahdadkot at Railway Station Road Shahdadkot Sindh 074-4012896, 033337505896, [email protected]

Guide Guide for Visitors

Tourist Information

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Stations/ Chowkis owkis/ Important Police Stations/ Border Chowkis/ Police Posts

Police Stations : Kamber, Shahdadkot, Qubo Saeed Khan, Miro Khan, Khabar, Drigh, Nasirabad, Warah, Ghibidero, Mahi Makol, Wagan , Laloo Raunk, Hamal,Gaji Khuhawar, Sijawal Junejo, Bahram, Sanjer Bhatti, Imam Bux Jamali, Border Chowkis : Kachi Pul, Chukhi Pul, Rabi Pul, Qubo Shakh, Patooja Regulator, Ghulam Muhammad Jamali Regulator, Noorpur Regulator. Posts: Police Posts: Ghouspur, Gulab Shah, Pariyal Sial, Mengal Wah, Umer Shah Aitbar Khan Chandio, Dhing, Raunti, Noor Wah, Pakho and Dhamrah Wah. The old Bago Daro Police Station has been deserted for last many decades. The details of Police Department in District Kamber Shahdadkot are given as under:Senior Superintendent of Police (SSP) 1 Deputy Superintendent of Police (DSPs) Kamber, Shahdadkot, Miro Khan, Nasirabad and Warah Total 5, Inspectors 20 Sub Inspectors 46 ASIs 100 Head Constables 246 Police Constables 1270 Total Staff 1738

Petrol Pumps and CNG Stations Education Govt: Boys & Girls Primary Schools Govt: Boys & Girls Middle Schools Govt: Boys High Schools Govt: Girls High Schools Colleges Govt: Degree Boys Colleges Govt: Intermediate Girls Colleges Govt: Mono Technical Colleges Primary & High School Teaching Staff Government Study Centre Official & Public Libraries List of P.HDs

Only 02 CNG Stations at Shahdadkot

Research Scholars/ Critics

Prominent Journalists

Famous Poets & Poetesses

1580 76 33 07 Kamber 1) and Shahdadkot 1) Miro Khan 1) and Nasirabad 1) Total 04 Kamber 1) and Shahdadkot 1) Total 02 Kamber 1) and Shahdadkot 1) Total 02 4060 (EDO Education supervises all the schools) Institute of Education Shah Abdul Latif University Khairpur in Shahdadkot There are hundreds Official and Public Libraries in the district. Dr. Syed Mehmood Shah Bukhari, Dr. Allahdad Bohiyo, Dr. Abdul Ghaffar Soomro, Dr. Shahnawaz Buriro, Dr.Allahdito Gopang, Dr. Hafiz Abdul Rehman Soomro, Dr. Shamsudin Tunio, Dr. Muhammad Yar Khuhawar, Dr. Ali Akber M. Dhakan, Dr. Ali Abker Aseer Qureshi, Dr. Muhammed Murad Chodho, Dr.Waqar Ahmed Wadho, Dr.Abdul Manan Shaikh, Dr. Jahangir Khuhawar, Dr Abdul Ghafoor Bhatti, Dr. Saher Abdul Ghaffar Magsi Allama Ghulam Mustafa Qasmi, Dr. Syed Mehmood Shah Bukhari, Dr. Muhammad Yar Khuhawar, Dr. Kaleemullah Lashari, Syed Gul Muhammad Shah Bukhari, Dr. Muhabat Buriro, Zulfiqar Ali Kalhoro, Noor Hussain Chandio, Jami Chandio, Khalid Hussain Channa, Abdul Jabbar Junejo, Sheikh Javed Ali Sindhi Din Muhammad Kalhoro,Liaquat Ali Channa, Niaz Hussain Soomro, Abdul Razaque Channa and Waqar Ahmed Wadho Zulfiqar Guramani, Akhtiar Bhatti, Zamir Kharal, Ali Akash, Noor Ahmed Khoso, Comrade Wali Muhammad Manganhar, Arbab Chandio, Imdad Silro, Ahsan Junejo, Muhammad Saleh Khoso and Majid Abbass Samo. Chhato Faqir Sangi, Faqir Hidayat Ali Tarak Najfi, Khanbahadur Rasool Bux Rahi Mughal, Nawaab Gul Muhammad Zeb Magsi,Haji Mehmood Khadim, Sheikh Lalchand Majrooh, Ustad Peeral Kamber, Dharamdas Dharmoon, Faqir Qadir Bux Joyo, Faqir Janan Chan, Gul Hassan Gopang Shad, Dadan Faqir Joyo, Muhammad Chhatal Fida Sheikh, Chain Lal Ahuja, Abdullah Shah Athar, Zamir Kharal, Arbab Silro, Riazat Buriro, Saeed Soomro, Ali Zahid Abbassi, Veena Shringi , Aziz Qasmani and Zubeda Metlo.

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Health District Headquarter (DHQ) Taluka Hospitals (TH) Rural Health Centers (RHCs) Basic Health Units (BHUs) 1.Kamber City (EDO Health) 1.Shahdadkot 2.Miro Khan 3.Qubo Saeed Khan 1. Qubo Saeed Khan 2. Umed Ali Junejo 3.Wagan 4.Nasirabad 1. Ghazi Khan Khuhawar 2.Kot Ghulam Shah 3.Gathar 4.Thorhi Bijar 5.Muhammad Ali Guramani 6.Aitbar Khan Chandio 7. Chakiyani 8.Rais Bhanbho Khan Chandio 9. Bahram 10. Ghulam Ali Magsi 11. Arzi Bhutto 12. Thoof Chausool 13. Khandu 14. Warah 15.Hamal 16. Laloo Raunk 17. Dato Teevno 18. Dera 19. Wadho Kalhoro 20. Khuda Bux Wahoocho 21. Khairpur Juso 22. Ghogharo 23. Muhammad Khan Bhutto 24.Ghaibidero 25.Mirpur Buriro 26. Khabar 27. Maroo Dera 28. Miandad Chinjni 1.Shahdadkot & 2.Nasirabad 1. Chhajra 2.Abdul Wahab Khoso 3.Ber Sharif 4.Garhi Khair Muhammad Kartio 5. Ghulam Qamber Jatoi 6.Tharo Wadho 7. Dalel Buriro 8.Sijawal Junejo 9. Luqman Sial Kamber City Hepatitis-B 120 and Hepatitis C 700 (November 2008) District Health Department Kamber 593 headed by 115 Area In charges and supervised by 7 Zonal Supervisors

Mother & Child Healthcare Centre (MCH) Government Dispensaries (GDs)

Hepatitis Control & Prevention Programme Centre

Number of Patients registered for Treatment Anti Rabies Vaccines Centre Teams for Polio Eradication Culture Common Life

Handicrafts Foods & Dishes

Dressing Style Architecture

Art Gallery Museums

Publishing Agencies Resource Centers Public Parks Cinema Houses

The Population of District Kamber Shahdadkot value nature and make attempt to spend time in the open air. The houses mostly consist of 1 or 2 rooms and can be used for any social purpose- cooking, eating, sleeping, entertainment or business. Nearly all the houses have small kitchens and washrooms inside. Marriage within the family is common strategy and children are circumcised at very young age. The main issues of district are Poverty, Illiteracy, Health, Law & order Situation, Honour Killing , Violence against women and child abuse. The Rili, Sindhi Caps, Pottery, Leatherwork, Camel Fittings, Metalwork, Gold and Silver Ornaments etc The people of this district have a healthy diet centered on fresh fruits, greens and vegetables. Meat (usually lamb, goat, or chicken) is used as a condiment rather than as the centerpiece of a meal. Rice and Wheat bread are staple starches with Butter. The primary beverage is tea. Eggs may also be eaten fried or boiled. Special foods are prepared on celebrations and religious events. Kamber Shahdadkot is centre of Sindhi, Balochi and Brahui Cultures thats why the residents of this area have Sindhi, Balochi and Brahui Dressing Styles. The Architecture of Kamber Shahdadkot has a continuous history from Indus Valley Civilization to present times. The Cultural Heritage of this land is highly inspired by Mughal and Rajputana/ Jaisalmir Architecture. This can be easily seen in Kalhora Monuments. Shafqat Hussain Wadho Art Gallery Village Chakiyani Taluka Shahdadkot Shafqat Hussain Wadho, Comrade Wali Muhammad Manganhar and Sheikh Javed Ali Sindhi own their personal Museums in the district containing Natural Science and Archeology Antiquities. Seerat Academy Shahdadkot, Dr. Muhbat Buriro Academy Kamber, Kanwal Publications Kamber, District Historical Society Kamber Shahdadkot Indus Resource Center & SAROH Resource Centre Public parks entertain children and people throughout the district Kamber 1 Mehran) and Shahdadkot 2 Nishat & Prince) not in use now

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Popular Games The Holy Shrines

Hindu Religious Places / Temples

Holy Shrine of Transgenders Transgenders

Festivals / Urs Celebrations

Bhil Religious Sites Sites/Places Archeological Sites/Places of Interest Mounds

Cricket, Football, Volley Ball, Wrestling, Billiards, Scrabble, Ludo etc Shrines of Islamic saints are extremely important in Kamber Shahdadkot religious practice. Some of important shrines in the district are; the Shrine of Mian Shahal Muhammad Kalhoro (Kamber), Mian Hamid Huzoori Tunio (Miro Khan), the Shrine of Mian Ghulam Siddique Mekan ( Shahdadkot), the Shrine of Faqir Hidayat Ali Tarak Najfi (Laloo Raunk), the Shrine of Shaheed Haji Khan Marri (Qubo Saeed Khan), the Shrine of Pir Lakho (Mula Pass), the Shrine of Syed Hakim Ali Shah Pat waro Darbar Wali Wilayat Rai (Kamber), Sant Wasandas Darbar (Kamber), Darbar Swami Dharamdas alias Dharmoon (Mena), Darbar Bhai Wali Ram (Dhingano Khan Mahesar), Thalyoon Sant Mohan Lal Sande Waro (Sando Wah), Khat Waro Tikano, Shiwalo, Bhai Hirda Ram Temple, Duwarko Mandir and Prem Mandli (Shahdadkot) The Holy Shrine of Sain Sanwal Faqir in Miro Khan, a relative of Syed Cheezal Shah of Fatehpur Balochistan. It is narrated that his dead body disappeared after his death. His sacred cot is still preserved in the Marhi of Miro Khan. The Miro Khan Marhi belongs to Badshahzada Family of Transgender Community. Mian Shahal Muhammad Kalhoro, Syed Hakim Ali Shah Pat Waro, Syed Ghafoor Shah, Sakhi Saeed Khan Jamali, Rodo Pir, Mian Ghulam Siddique Mekan, Faqir Hidayat Ali Tarak Najfi, Chhato Faqir Sangi, Mian Hamid Huzoori, Sufi Wariyal Faqir, Mian Hayat Khoso, Haji Shah Ismael, Lakho Pir. Bhils are devotees of Rama Pir . They have some Religious Sites at Shahdadkot

Old Forts Tombs/ Tombs/ Historical Graves

Mian Shahal Muhammad Kalhoro Daro, Bago Daro, Mehar Jo Daro, Ghafoor Shah Jo Daro, Son Thariro/ Limo Daro near Umed Ali Junejo, Shahpur Daro, Dhing Waro Daro, Thariri Sanjer Bhatti, Thariri Sahjoo, Umar Shah Daro, Angh Daro, Pholro Daro, Paroo Saudagar Ji Siringh aen Vikye Ji Mari, Kurk Waro Daro, Karohar Daro, Nozaman Daro, Noonran Ja Dara, Thariri Lahori Kot, Sando Daro, Thariri Karira, Kalar Daro, Dost Ali Daro Ghaibidero, Kot Mian Shahal Muhammad Kalhoro, Shahdadkot, Dhing, Bahram, Lakha, Shaho Jamali, Shahpur, Kot Ghulam ShahRainkoon/ Ghaibidero Tombs, Dau Ja Quba, Tiloo Khan Chandio, Bande Ji Kabar, Durb Jo Mukam, Dhadhar Jo Mukam, Pir Bangul Ji Mazzar, Maari Jo Mukam, Pir Shah Ismael, Hasan Lakho, Mian Mangan, Naurang Shah, Mian Shahal Muhammad Kalhoro, Sufi Wariyal Faqir Abro, Hazur Khan Soomro, Saindad Abro, Sang Mukam, Imam Bux Jamali, Shakal Khan Jamali, Sakhi Saeed Khan Jamali, Muhammad Khan Bhutto, Mianji Muhammad Murad Bhatti, Rehan Khan Jamali, Shaheed Haji Khan Marri, Bhawanda Lakha, Mian Hayat Mian Chhuto Khoso, Abdullah Shah Godrio, Syed Hakim Ali Shah Pat Waro, Mian Hamid Huzoori, Chhato Faqir Sangi, Faqir Khair Muhammad Soomro, Syed Misri Shah, Qadir Shah, Pir Noor Moula Shah, Anwer Shah, Sher Muhammad Shah, Bukhari Badshah, Juman Shah, Sultan Shah, Noor Shah, Ali Ashabi, Sardar Sareman Ji Mazar, Mir Muhammad Kalhoro, Akhoond Muhammad Siddique, Nizamuddin, Imamdin, Mian Azeezullah, Nasrullah Kalhoro, Gaji Khuhawar, Mubarak Khuhawar, Khokhar Tombs, Qureshi Tombs in Junani, Syed Din Muhammad Shah, Aitbar Khan Chandio, Rais Bhanbho Khan Chandio Dost Ali, Noor Muhammad Sheikh, Ladhani, Garhi Khair Muhammad Kartio, Ber Sharif, Lorhe Wari Masjid, Dargah Mian Ghulam Siddique Masjid,Walhari Mugheri, Dital Abro, Bhawanda Lakha, Gul Muhammad Chacha, Gahi Khan Chandio, Bisharat Kalhoro, Hasla, Khandoo, Junani Sharif, Gaji Khuhawar, Akhoond Muhammad Siddique, Arzi Bhutto, Mian Hamid Huzoori, Illahi Bux Khoso, Abdul Qadir Khoso,

Historical Mosques

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Sheikh Javed Ali Sindhi

AcknowledgmentThe Deputy Commissioner (DC) Office Kamber Shahdadkot, Sindh The Office of DDMA DC Secretariat Kamber Office of the District Officer Social Welfare (SW) Kamber Shahdadkot United Nations Office for the Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) Sindh International Organization for Migration (IOM) Kamber Shahdadkot National Commission for Human Development (NCHD) Kamber Shahdadkot Indus Resource Center (IRC) Kamber Shahdadkot Sindh Rural Support Organization (SRSO) Shahdadkot Pakistan Institute of Development Economics (PIDE) Islamabad Human Resource Development Society (HRDS) Islamabad Pakistan

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