Sugar cane sinhala

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1 ri uqiqjl jgmsgdj Wmkkao fudfydÜá 2 yeoskaùu fudkrd., osia;%slalfha m%Odk wdr®Ól fNda.h f,i;a m%Odk wdodhï udr®.h f,i;a osia;%slalh mqrd jHma; j mj;sk Wla Ydlh ms<sn|j yd wOhdmksl jákdlulska hqla; mr®fhaIkd;aul wOHhkhla fuu .%ka:h uÕska bosrsm;a lsrsug Wmkkao fudfydÜÜ uy;d W;aidy f.k we; úfYaIfhka Wla Ydlh ms<sn|j yd iSks ksIamdokh ms<sn|j;a úoH;aul j meyeos,s lsrsula" fï uÕska is¥ flfr® fï ms<sn|j wOHhkfha fhfok isiq orejkag;a fï ms<sn| Wkkaÿjla olajk jeâysá whg;a õHdmdrsl m%cdjg;a" f.dú ck;djg;a tlfia jeo.;a iSks ksIamdok l%shdj,sh úia;r lrkqfha Wla Ydlfha WoaNso úoH;aul kdufha isg h' iSks ksIamdok l% shdj,sh b;d ixlSr®K jQ jls' th wdOqkslfhl=g myiqfjka f;areï .; yels whqrska meyeos<s lsrsu w.h l< hq;a;ls' fï l=vd .%ka:h uÕska iSks lr®udka; Yd,dfõ l% shdldrs;ajh tlska tl õia;r lsrsu wOHdmkh ,nk isiq orejkag uy;a m%fhdackj;a jkq we;' fi!kaor®hd;aul jia;=jla mdGl is;a .kakd whqrska j“kd lsrsu uy;a wisre lreKls' lr®udka; Yd,djl wNHka;rsl l%shdldrs;ajh úia;r lsrsu Bg;a wisre lreKls' Wmkkao fudfydÜÜ uy;d tu wisre;dj ch .ksñka ieug m%fhdackj;a whqrska fuu l=vd .%ka:h mdGl w;g m;a lsrsug lghq;= lsrsu m%YxikSh lghq;=hs' fldÜGdYh Ndr wOHmk wOHCI isrsjr®Ok osidkdhl fldÜGdY wOHdmk ldr®hd,h nq;a;,

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Short description about sugar cane manufacturing procees in sinhala.

Transcript of Sugar cane sinhala

  • 1. 1 ri uqiqjl jgmsgdj Wmkkao fudfyd 2 yeoskau fudkrd., osia;%slalfha m%Odk wdrl fNda.h f,i;a m%Odk wdodh udr.h f,i;a osia;%slalh mqrd jHma; j mj;sk Wla Ydlh ms

2. 3 lr;Df.ka''''''''''''''''' mdi,a orejka ;=< o" oHdj yd ;dCIKsl Ihhka yodrk wdOqkslhkaf.a o" ;dCIK l=i,;d jeoshqKq lr .ekSu i|yd" wjYH oekqu ,nd.ekSug iajNdIdfjka ,sh we;s fmd; m; w,am h' fuys myiqfjka f;are.; yels mrsos woshfrka whr ir, ia;rhla wvx.= lr we; tu ksid th h ;rka fyda uyrjd,Su i|yd ud iska ilia lrk ,o f lD;sh bjy,a f h hs woyia lr' 4 m%Kduh mdi,a wOHmkfhka ud fmdaIKh l< w;=r,sh uy y,a uEKshkag" f;da,x.uqj ueos uy y,a uEKshkag iy me,aj;a; iSks lrudka;dh;khg'''' ia;+;sh fldgfkf m[a[r;k .re iajdka jykafiag'''''( lK;ajh 1'544 lss' j wxlh fi f.%a wxYl 146 f' lhs/,a jk wKqjls' ;,O%e; 16 wdf,dalh yuqf Ok N%uKhla fmkakq ,CIK fmkakq lk gr 13 muK f.k th ix;Dma; wjia:df ;nd .kska B fud,Eiia tla lrka c,h bj;a lr mrsudj >k gr 40 olajd jrOkh lr .kS' fuh C ueislshq f,i ykajkq ,ef' C is 13 69 } 897 ^1& B fud,Eiia 27 55 } 1485 ^2& ^1&^2&" 2382 40 } 59 ishhg 59 mdrsY=oaO jq C ueislshq ,ef' B ueislshq ksIamdokh C ue.aud >k gr 13 muK f.k th ix;Dma; wjiatdf ;nd .kska A fud,Eiia tlalrka c,h bj;a lr mrsudj >k gr 40 olajd jrOkh lrkq ,ef' fuh B ueislshq f,i ykajkq ,ef 58 C ue.aud 13 80 } 1040 ^1& A fud,Eiia 27 65 } 1755 ^2& ^1& ^2& 2795 40 = 70 ishhg 70 mdrsY=oaO jq B ueislshqgh ,ef' A ueislshq ksIamdokh B ue.aud >k gr 13 muK f.k th ix;Dma; wjiatdf ;nd .kska meKs tlalrka c,h bj;a lr mrsudj >k gr40 olajd jrOkh lrkq ,ef fuh A ueislshq f,i ykajkq ,ef' B ue.aud 13 95 } 1235 ^1& meKs 27 78 } 2106 (2) (1)+(2), 3341 40 = 84 ishhg 84 mdrsY=oaO jq A ueislshq ,ef .; jk ld, h iaM l ] iaMlh l m%udKh djH h wxY= ] is ks >k ;aj h c, h ] A ueislshq 48 0.7-1.0 91 7 6 1.4 9 9 B ueislshq 40 04- 0.6 93 7 0 1.5 7 C ueislshq 35 0.3 97 5 7 1.5 1 3 by; ksIamdok l%shdj,sh ldKav jYfhka is lrkq ,ef' tfuka u A ueislshq j, isg C ueislshq olajd hEf os tys iai%d;dj je f 30. 59 wm jH je f wvx.=jk iSks m%udKh wvq f' WIaK;ajh wvqfj;a u iaMlhl m%udKh o Yd, f' fuu ksIaamdokj, c,h b;d wju m%udKhl mj;S' tneka tys laIq cS ls%hdjka isjkafka o ke;' iSks meKs A ueislshq Afud,Eiia B iSks Bueislshq B fud,Eiia C nScdkq C isks C ueislshq bCIqmdlr A fud,Eiia ia,rs 60 A iSks ksmou A boiling B ue.aud iu. meKs fyda rSfu,a B magma + Syrup or remelt A ueislshq A massecuite A fud,Eiia A molasses A iSks A sugar fjk bkaOk - Wla frdvq" or" oyhshd" fmd,algq .,a w=re j bkaOk - oef;,a i,a ,dmqf;,a jdhq bkaOk cSj jdhqj " fmf%,sh jdhqj ;dm ckl w.h bkaOk ksYa; nr m%udKhla oykh lsrSf oS msglrk ;dm m%udKh tu bkaOkfha ;dm ckl w.h kka ye|ska f' WodyrK - oef;,a lsf,da.areuhla ;dm ckl w.h lsf,da .areuhg lsf,dale,rs 10500 la muK f oyhshdj, fuu w.h 3200 la muK f Wlafrdvq j, fuu w.h 1850 WIaK;ajh yd ;dmhWIaK;ajh yd ;dmhWIaK;ajh yd ;dmhWIaK;ajh yd ;dmh h jia;=jl WKqiq m%udKh oelaug WIaK;ajh hk jpkh fhdod .ksuq' WIaK;ajh ukskq ,nkafka fi,aishia wxYlj,sks ;dmh hkq WIaK;ajh je ia:dkhl isg WIaK;ajh wvq ia:dkhlg .,d hk Yla;s fYaIhls h jia;=jlg ;dmh ,ndk fyd;a tys WIaK;ajh by< ksk w;r h jia;=jlska ;dmh bj;a lk;ajh c,fha >k;ajhg jvd wvq neka tu jdIam by< is,skavrfha c,h fkdue;s wrOh fj; .uka lrhs' fuu jdIam ix;Dma; yqud,h f,i ykajkq ,ef' fuu ia:dkfha jdIam wl f,i tl;=u fya;=fjka tys w mSvkhla o yg .kS' is,skavrfha bykSNhkhg m;aug yer tajd kej; m%fhdackhg .ekSu 2 by; c,h Wkg we;=,a lsrSug fmr wmf;a hk ;dmh Wmfhda.S lr.kska r;alr .ekSu f i|yd Wfkka msgjk oe wjika jdhqj m%fhdackhg .; yel 3 oyk l=hg we;=,a lrk Wlafrdvq ke;fyd;a ne.Eia mQrj r;a lsrSulg Ndckh lsrSfuka ta i|yd jeh jk Yla;sh b;srs lr .; yel' fuh b;d myiqfjka l< yels ia:dkhla we;' tk weUre uOHia:dkfha wjidk weUre hka;%hg we;=,a lrk Wlaj,g tl;= lrk c,h fjkqjg >kSNjkh jQ jdIam ke;fyd;a WKq c,h fhdod .ekSu fug msgjk ne.Eia b;du by< WIaK;ajhl mj;S' 4 oyk l=hg we;=,a lrk ne.Eia b;d l=vd fldgia neka tajd jdhq oyrdj iu. bj;a h yel' fuh jksNjkh lsfuka ,nd .kakd ,o wdiD; c,fhks' fuu c,fhys wmjHh f,i" je m%udKhla O jdhq jr. osh ;sh yel' WodyrK f,i Tlaiscka(O2) ldnkavfhdlaihs(Co2) iy khs%cka(N2) o wxY= ud;% m%udKj,ska O ,jK jr. o WodyrK f,i le,aish(Ca2++ ) ue.aksish(Mg2++ ) ldnfka(Co3 22++ ) laf,darhs(Cl- ) o g wu;r j f;,a jr. foh .%Sia jr. iy ;j;a oE fuys ;sh yel' by; ls wmjHhj,ska yqud, cklhg ish yels ydks jk jhh m%udKh wvqlr .; yel' 2 Filtration c,h ;=< mdfjk jHhka bj;a lsru fuu.ska islr .; yel' 3 Zeolite Softening fuu l%shdj,sfha oS c,fha lk;ajhg n,mdk le,aish iy ue.akSish whk fidah whk uska yqjudre jkq ,ef' 4 Deminaralisation4 Deminaralisation4 Deminaralisation4 Deminaralisation 42. 83 fuu l%shdj,sfha oS c,fha we;s O leg whk iy wek whk yhs%cka iy yhsfv%dlaihs u.ska yqjudre flfr' 5 Dealkaliation fuys c,fha we;s NdIal;djh fidah fyda laf,darhs whk u.ska yqjudrej flfr' 6 Degasification fuysoS ksoyia Tlaiscka c,fhka bj;a flfr' 2 Boiler feed water Treatment mQrj m%;sldrl lsfuka c,fha we;s wmjHh iEfyk m%udKhlg wvqlr.; yels kuq;a imQrKfhka bj;a l, fkd yel' c,fha b;s j we;s b;du iq wmjh m%udKhla jqj o yqud,h ksIamdokfha oS fndhs,rh ;=< tajdfha idkaKh jejk fyhska yd fndhs,rh ;=< we;s wl WIaK;ajh ksid tajdhska fndhs,rfha os.= ld,Sk meje;aug yd ksIamdokh jk yqud,fha ;;a;ajhg Yd, n,mE we;sh yel' tu ksid tu wys;lr n,mE fndhs,rh ;=< md,kh lsrSu i|yd ridhksl jH c,h iu. Y% lsu lrkq ,nhs' fuh Boiler Feed water Treatment hkqfjka ykajkq ,efs' c,fha ;sfnk wmjH ksid we;s h yels m%Odk n,mE k( 1 Scale formation lk;ajh ;ekam;au ^c,fha oh we;s jH fndhs,rh ;=< oS wix;Dma; fuka ;ekam;a u& Scale ksid we;sjk n,mE( ;dmh .,dhEu wvq lrhs' tuska fndhs,rfha ldrhCIu;dj wvq lrhs' fndhs,rfhka Wrd.kakd ;dm Yla;sh wvq jk fyhska WIaK;ajh je f bkaOk mdh by< hhs' ;dmh ksis mos .,d fkd hdu ksid k, u; tl;= jk wl ;dmh ksid fndhs,r k, mqmqrd hdu' 84 Scale iEoSu md,kh lsrSu)( Make-up c,h ieliSf l%shdj,sh kshu wdldrhg l%shd;aul lsrSfuka iy iqiq ridhk jH Nd; lsrSfuka 2 Corrsion ' uk jhh yqud,fha osh fuka ish yels h' fmk iEoSfuka jk ydksh Anti-foam fhoSfuka yd fndhs,rh ;=< TDS md,kh lsrSfuka l< yels w;r wfkla wjia:d fol fjk;a l%u uska md,kh lr.; hq;= h' Tlaiscka" ldnkavfhdlaihs iy fjk;a jdhq jr. o fjd w;r we;' fuu c,h jdIam ckkh i|yd fhdod .; fyd;a tu Wk Ldokh ug;a ;dm yqj udrejg ndOdjla ug;a bv we;' fuh j