Space Technology for DRR and SDG - UN ESCAP 3-2...¢  Space Technology for DRR and SDG -...

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Transcript of Space Technology for DRR and SDG - UN ESCAP 3-2...¢  Space Technology for DRR and SDG -...

  • Space Technology for DRR and SDG - DRR is a cross cutting necessity in the SDGs -

    Lal Samarakoon Director, Geoinformatics Center

    Asian Institute of Technology, Bangkok, Thailand

  • Disasters

    • Disasters are mostly natural in nature and Un- managed exposure may impact on vulnerable populations.

    • Disasters occur when hazards are interact with the environmental, social, physical and economic vulnerabilities and exposure of population.

  • Disaster Risk Management

    • DRM is not merely protecting social and economic development against what is seen as external events.

    • DRM is the way of transforming development to accept and manage risks and strengthen resilience thereby enabling developments are sustainable.

  • DRR and SDG

    • DRR cuts across different aspects and sectors of Development

    • DRR has specific role to play in 10 out of 17 SDG

    Goal 1: End of poverty: Can we achieve without DRR? How space technology and GIS can help? Is there a way to locate poor? Why they are poor? How disasters impact on poor? What interventions are possible?

  • DRR and SDG

    Goal 9: Build Resilient Infrastructure

    Goal 11: Make cities and human settlements safe and resilient

    Goal 13: Action against climate change and impacts

    How space technology and GIS can help?

    Case Study: Erosion/sedimentation impact on Sustainable Tourism industry

  • Accretion

    Erosion

    NE Monsoon

    Accretion

    Overview of Dynamic coastal change of Sri Lanka

    SW Monsoon

    Erosion

  • Coastal Erosion

  • Scaled down techniques explore coastal process

    High temporal resolution – 1.2 sec revisit time – 20 minutes per each hour – 12 hours per day

    Satellite Images

    Aerial photographs

    In-situ Camera

    8

    © JAXA

    Imaging Domain

  • Long-term and short-term morphology changes

    Satellite images/ Aerial photographs

    Spatial resolution/ Scale

    Acquisition date Source

    Aerial Photographs 1 : 20,000 1956 Survey Department Sri Lanka

    Landsat MSS 60m 1978 USGS

    Landsat TM 30m 1988 USGS

    ALOS/ AVNIR-2 10m 2006 – 2010 Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA)

    ALOS/ PRISM 2.5m 2006 – 2007 JAXA

    ALOS/ PALSAR 6.25m/12.5m 2007 - 2010 JAXA

    QuickBird - 2005.09.27 Google Earth

  • Kudawa

    600 m

  • Kandakuliya

    1956 1988 2005 2010

    3 km

    148 acres 148 acres total 4.6 acres/yr 56,000 m3/yr

    252 acres 400 acres total 14.8 acres/yr 180,000 m3/yr

    75 acres 475 acres total 15 acres/yr 184,000 m3/yr

  • 1956 1988 2005 2010

    1.5 km

    Vellai Islet

    1956

    1988

    2005

    2010

  • National tourism initiative in 2013

  • 8/29/2013 1/20/2006 7/29/2010

    Chronological analysis

    Which is 124 Ha?

  • Report of the Project

    For the urgent decision making,

    Interim Report of the Project was

    released on the request of the Sri

    Lanka Government

    Investors in the project area are

    officially instructed to follow the

    report for investment planning &

    EIA studies

  • Stakeholder Meeting

    2011/Aug/25

    8 0 P a r t i c i p a n t s 4 5 A g e n c i e s / I n s t i t u t i o n s

    S t a t e & L o c a l G o v e r n m e n t

    C B O , N G O & I N G O P r i v a t e D e v e l o p e r s

  • Stakeholder Conclusions

    • Official release of results & recommendations

    • Review of tourism & fisheries development master plans in the area using space technology

    • Thematic (Coastal) standards for land use category mapping

    • Provision of results as evidence for land ownership court cases

    • Continue monitoring of the Kalpitiya coastal area using space technology

    • Continuing application to the other coastal regions

    • Shearing technologies among regional States

  • Benefit of Space and GIS data usage

    Transdisciplinary holistic approach

    Policy makers and end-users

    Stakeholders

    Evidence Based

    approaches