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Transcript of South Africa
South AfricaBy: Jacob Sanz, Enrique Sanz, Juan carreo and Jose Daniel Hernandez.Part 1: Introduction.The capitals:South Africa has 3 capital cities, each one has a different function. Here they are:
-Pretoria: (executive) - located in 25oS 28oE
-Bloemfontain: (judicial) - located in 29oS 26oE
-Cape Town: (legislative) - located in 33oS 18oELocation:South Africa is a country located in the South of Africa (well, duh). It borders with Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique and Swaziland. It has a country in the middle of it, called Lesotho. Towards the south of the country you can find the Atlantic Ocean.
This is the flag of South Africa.A map of South Africa, showing all borders and cities.The languages:South Africa has a wide variety of Languages:
They have 11 official languages, which are:Pedi, Sotho, Tswana, Swazi, Venda, Tsonga, Afrikaans, English, Ndebele, Xhosa and Zulu.
They also have 8 un-official languages, which are:Fanagalo, Khoe, Lobedu, Nama, Northern Ndebele, Phuthi, San and South African Sign Language.
Apart from these languages many South Africans also speak: Portuguese, German, and Greek, but some oriental people speak Tamil, Hindi, Gujarati, Urdu and Telugu. French is also spoken in South Africa thanks to a French colony called Franschhoek.The currency:The currency of South Africa is called the Rand. It is used all over the country, no other types of money are accepted.
Tropical GrasslandsFauna: Grazing animals, insects, some predators, rodents and reptiles.Flora: Tall grass, big trees and lots of small plants.
Temperate grasslandsFauna: Grazing animals, birds, insects, some predators like coyotes.Flora: Thick grass everywhere, not many plants or trees, a few shrubs.
Evergreens and shrubsFauna: Consists mainly on reptiles, insects and rodents.Flora: Plants and small trees with leathery leaves, mainly succulents.
Semi-DesertFauna: Rodents and reptiles (like snakes and lizards), and birds (mainly scavenger birds).Flora: Cactus, succulents, stringy and spiny plants.
Photos of the different ecosystems.MAIN RIVERS and lakes:
Main Rivers:-Orange river.-Vaal river.-Breede River. -Komati River .-Olifants River.-Tugela River .-Umzimvubu River.Main lakes:Lake saint Lucia.Part 2: General information/facts.Traditional food of South AfricaSouth Africa has a few foods which are native or common to it, here is a short list:
-Biltong: This is a salty dried meat.
-Bobuty: Is a dish of meat with raisins and baked egg. It is usually accompanied with yellow rice, sambals, coconut, banana slices, and chutney.
Bunny Chow: This is a hollow bread, inside it there is curry.
Chutny: This is a a sweet sauce made from fruit that is usually poured on meat.
Frikkadelle: These are simple meatballs.
This picture shows some pieces of biltong.
A picture of a Bunny Chow.
An image showing some Chutney sauce.The clothing of South Africa varies a lot depending on the person and the occasion:
-They wear bright coloured clothes made of cloth and decorated with beads and hoops.
-In ceremonies of formal events, they also dress as different animals, mainly leopards with crown made of bird feathers on their head.
-Different people dress differently in South Africa, for example a young girl will wear something different from a married woman. Only married women can wear cloaks and specific jewels, where as a young girl can only wear simple clothing.
-Their clothing mainly consists on long robes, down to the ankles. (Some examples can be seen on the picture to the right).
-For shoes they generally wear leather sandals and slippers.
-Turbans are often used for protection against the sun.
Some examples of South African clothing.
Traditional clothing of South AfricaReligion of South AfricaIn South Africa the religions are varied, some with more people than others. Here is a pie chart showing the different religions and amount of followers:Culture of South AfricaSouth Africa does not have one specific culture, as it has lots of people from different races and origins. Most people maintain the beliefs and customs from their native lands, which are from all across the world.
The most notable festivals are:
The prickly pear: This a celebration where lots of home-made deserts and feasts are made all over the country. It is held in late February or early march.
The Tonteldoos festival: This is a festival dedicated to juicy yummy peaches, but you will find a wide variety of fruits, not just peaches. It is held in late march.
Sasol Scifest: This is the science and technology festival. For various days all types of technology-based events, competitions and quizes take place. Everyone takes part in it, including schools and universities. It is also held in late march.
Oppikoppi Bushveld: This is a festival where there are stages, and people go up on the stages to perform whatever they are good at. Different sections include dance, comedy, and music. It is held in August.
This is the insipiration of the prickly pear festival. A type of cactus. Get it?Jam and Pancakes are specially made for the prickly pear festival. Have you seen the similarity of the cactus and the prickly pear yet?
South African sportsIn South Africa lots of different sports are played, thanks to the diversity of cultures. Here are a few of the main sports that are played in South Africa:
Juksei: (A sport invented in South Africa around 200 years ago. It consists of teams with 4 players each. Each team has a sledge, and some pegs. The object of the game in to knock over the other teams pegs).
-CanoeingPart 3: Population density/economyPopulation Density
South Africas Products
South African landuse
EnergySouth Africa has various forms of getting its energy, here they are:
-As South Africa is rich in mining products, naturally coal is the main way of getting their energy and fuel. They are the 14th highest emitters of greenhouse gases around the world. 75% of their energy is made from coal.
-Synthetic fuels (not made from natural products) are also common in South Africa.
-South Africa has some very small Oil deposits, where it can get fuel from.
-The electricity company Eskom is from South Africa, and thats where 95% of the country get their electricity from.
-Nuclear energy is around 3% of their total energy.
A piece of Coal.
Some Synthetic Oil.
An oil well.Part 4: Data sets.A bar chart to compare fertility rates between South Africa and the U.K.Fertility Rate:The fertility rate is the average amount of children had by a female during her lifetime.In this chart we can see that in these two countries they dont have a crazy amount of children. We can see that South Africa (with 2.43 children per woman) has more children than U.K.( with 1.66 children per woman).This is because people In the U.K. are more formal and educated than the people in South Africa. As there is more money in U.K. contraception can be found easily, and as the people can afford education, they are educated to use the contraception. Whereas in South Africa neither the money or the education is as plentiful as in the U.K. so the people dont use the contraception as much as in U.K.
A bar chart to compare the purchasing power (in U.S. Dollars) between South Africa and the U.K.Purchasing power:Purchasing power is the amount of money a person/country has to buy things. It can be measured in different ways. In this chart we can see that London (with 2215.903 U.S.D. per person) has more than South Africa.This is because South Africa doesnt have lots of exportations or a good economy, thanks to the land, lack of industry and poverty. But U.K. has lots of exportations: Cars, foods, postcards, books...You name it! Tourism also is an important contributor to the U.K.s economy. This is also because South Africa has very few important companies, but U.K. does have many prestigious companies.
A bar chart to compare the death rate (deaths per 1000 people) of South Africa and the U.K. South Africa U.K. Death Rate:The death rate is the amount of deaths per 1000 people in a country.In this chart we can see that South Africa (with 16.94 deaths) has more deaths than U.K. (with 10.5 deaths.)This is because South Africa is a poor country so there isnt enough money for people to study medicine. Another reason of South Africa has many deaths is that there are many more mortal diseases without current cure (or with people not being able to afford the cure) in South Africa and Africa in general. U.K. has less deaths because they have enough money to study medicine and get medical attention easily. As there are more qualified doctors.
THANKYOU FOR WATCHING OUR PRESENTATION!We hope you enjoyed it and learned something new.-Jacob Sanz (Population Density/economy, and helper on other group members works).-Enrique Sanz (Introduction).-Juan carreno (General information/facts).-Jose Daniel Hernandez (Data Sets).