Slum networking project

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  1. 1. ULBPROFILE POPULATION(2001 CENSUS) 35,20,085 POPULATION (PROJECTIONS2009) 56,06,728 NO.OFZONES 6 CLASSOFULB Municipal Corporation Efforts for providing basic services in slum settlements have been ongoing in India, Gujarat and in Ahmedabad.However,theapproachofprovidingafewofthepriorityservicesinpartsorsomeofthe slums neither changed the quality of life of the slum dwellers nor did it change the environmental conditions of the area. In 1995, AMC initiated Slum Networking Project through a unique partnership betweenAhmedabadMunicipalCorporationandNGOs.TheobjectiveoftheSlumNetworkingProjectwas to transform the urban environment with the approach to provide basic infrastructure services at the householdandslumlevelinanaffordableandsustainableway. ThisinitiativewasverysuccessfulandAMCreceivedTheDubaiInternationalAwardfor,in2005,Best PracticetoimprovethelivingEnvironment. SITUATIONBEFORETHEINITIATIVE MostoftheslumpopulationofAhmedabadlivedinconditionsthatincludedtotalorpartialabsenceof criticalinfrastructurelikewatersupply,drainage,roads,toiletsandstreetlighting,Overpopulatedand congested, temporary structures with inadequate maintenance, the lack of basic minimum education, insufficientskills,lowincomes,poorstandardoflivingmarkthispopulation.Ofthe710slums,190slums comprisingof47,300familieswerelivingwithabsolutelyabysmalfacilities. IMPLEMENTATIONSTRATEGIESANDRESOURCEMOBILIZATION SNP in Ahmedabad has therefore been designed to provide a package of infrastructure services in consultationwithcommunities/CBOs,NGOandtheprivatesector.Fromitsinception,SNPwasdesigned toensurethatNGOpartnersdirectlyprovidedorenabledaccessofcommunitiestohealthandeducation services.ThepartnershipswiththeprivatesectorhavenotgrownsubstantiallywhileAMCspartnership with NGOs for implementation of SNP has evolved substantially since the implementation of a pilot projectinSanjayNagarin199697.TheestablishmentofaResidentsAssociationforreleaseofcommunity contributions from the Banks to AMC at different stages of completion of infrastructure works and for managingtheoperationandmaintenanceineachsettlementhasalsoresultedincapacityenhancementof theslumresidents. The financial arrangements evolved for safeguarding financial contributions of individual households throughdepositsinindividualaccountstillsuchtimethattransfershavetobemadetoAMC,havealso contributedsignificantlytoreducingperceivedrisksbycommunities.Notonlyhasthat,theexposureand opportunitiesformanagingsavingsandconsequentaccesstoloansalsoempoweredthecommunitiesand individualhouseholds.AMCspartnershipswithNGOsforimplementationofSNPhaveevolvedsuchthat NGOsareplanning,designingandimplementinginfrastructureworksinslums.AMCsrolehasevolved furthertocheckingofdesign,supervisionofimplementationandoverallmonitoringtheprogressofwork. As of December 2005, SNP has been undertaken in 41 slum communities covering 8703 households benefiting43,515people.Outofwhichinfrastructureworkhasbeencompletedin32slumcommunities andworkongoingin9slumcommunities. ThischangeinimplementationprocessovertheyearsshowsAMCsconvictioninthepartneringapproach andneedforslumresidentstodemonstratewillingnesstogetindividualconnectionsforavailingwater supplyandsanitationservices.AMChasmadeadequateprovisioninitsannualbudgetsforSNPandhas also availed funds under Government of Indias National Slum Development Program (NSDP), and financialsupportofHUDCO. Thecitycorporationhasadequatetechnicalcapacitytoprovidetechnicalsupporttotheproject.ASNPcell was constituted of technical personnel to implement the project professionally. The Community was mobilisedthroughNGOstotakepartintheproject. Inordertohavetransparentprocesses,thefollowingprocedureswereincluded: MonthlyMonitoringMeeting:AMCaswellastheNGOpartnersholdmonthlymeetingstoreviewthe progressofthework.Themeetingsprovideaforumforallpartners,includingthecommunitytoshare theirviewsandfacilitatetheimplementationoftheprogram. JointPlanning:ThelayoutplansofthedesignthoughpreparedbyAMCaresharedwiththepartners, andnecessaryamendmentsmade. Trainings:TheAMCengineersjointlyconducttrainingswithMHT,toorientthecommunityonthe technicalaspectstoensurecommunityconsentandsupportforsmoothprogramimplementation. InteractionwithPublic:ThepostlunchofficehoursoftheAMCofficialsareallocatedforopen interactionwithcommunityandpartners. RESULTANDIMPACTS TheSNPprogramasonNovember2006,hasreached8,703families,makingasignificantcontributionin thelivesof43,515peoplein41slumcommunitiesofAhmedabad.SNPprogramofAhmedabadcityisan example of strong and substantial partnership among various stakeholders of the civil society who engaged themselves in providing better physical quality of life to its poor fellow citizens. It is also an excellent example of how, when a government body is willing to enter into strong and meaningful partnerships,manyelementsofgoodgovernancesuchasequity,transparencyandaccountability. AhmedabadMunicipal DocumentedbyUrbanManagementCentre;3rdFloor,AUDABuillding,Usmanpura,Ahmedabad www.umcasia.org;info@umcasia.org;07927546403;5303 SLUMNETWORKINGPROJECT(SNP) AHMEDABADMUNICIPALCORPORATION