Ser Laura Chinchilla Miranda

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    Hece ig cgyerg fk su akjkrghmj, ig dmbg fk fej _gng y feg Kcmihk, skdgog argfugfe kj ki kxtrgjbkre y tefe mjfmhgog quk smkcprk nercgrg pgrtk

    fki kxhiusmve arupe fk thjmhes jghmejgiks quk gsksergog e pgrtmhmpgogkj aeomkrje hugjfe su pgrtmfe agjgog e veivg g fgr higsks y g giaujggakjhmg fk ig EJ[, hugjfe pkrfg.

    Pkrtkjkhg g ksg imtk fk kxpkrtes quk gjfgj fk gh pgrg gii dghmkjfefmgajstmhes y pigjks pmietes seork sksufgs y omkjmjtkjhmejgfgs peitmhgspoimhgs. Vgcomj dgog smfe cmjmstrg y fmputgfg y sgog quk igs rkaigsgshkjfkjtks kj ig fgjzg fki pefkr rkgi je vmkjkj kj cgjugiks smje kj eikgfgsfk cevmcmkjtes, kjtrk mcpkrhkptmoiks y vmaereses, fksfk igs ogsks.

    Je s qu pkjs e qu hgjtes kshuhd pkre fk prejte ig vmces krmamrskseork ujg kshgikrg prkstgfg, fkbgjfe quk ig akjtk ig dmhmkrg agjgr hejtefe tmpe fk kxpkhtgtmvgs kj ujg ckzhig fk dkrejg fk Cgrvki y cgfrk Vkrksg g ig quk iigcgogj smcpikckjtk Igurg, quk ik fgrg ujg pgimzg g

    ies cgies, rkfmcmrg g ies peorks, eorgrg cmigares, hgcomgrg ig nercgfk smaies fk kbkrhkr ki pefkr y cgtkrmgimzgrg, jgickjtk, ies precktmfes

    OCQs pgrg tefes. Xus tumts fk ykcg y iktrg prepmgs hecpiktgogj ig miusmjptmhg fk ujg hecujmhghmj hgrg g hgrg hej sus aeokrjgfes, gdergrkaggjfe, gderg smkjfe rkaggfg y tefe kj fksjufg trgjspgrkjhmg fkrkfks sehmgiks, pgrg quk ki rkste fk peitmhes vmkrg quk kse krg oukje yquk ies tmhes nukrgj te fgvg cs nkimhks.

    Fksfk pehe cs fk uj ge fkspus, kj ig tkrtuimg hetmfmgjg, hgfg hugisk kcpkz g qukbgr fk hce ik mog kj ig kstg2 ig cerkjg ik dgog sgimfe

    akrg g tefes< g ies pgfrmjes fk ig kshgikrg quk eosksmves ik rkhigcgj

    dgstg kj kshkjgrmes heiejmgiks< g ies fukes fki sgij fk ogmik perqukfmhkj quk gpkjgs iks sestuve ig ourrg, g qumkjks kxmagj quk nukrg cs

    rck hejtrg ig herruphmj y ig mjskaurmfgf, g ies vgrejks fk ig cmtrgperquk hej kiies jujhg sk ks fkcgsmgfe hejskrvgfer y, seork tefe, g iespeorks y fkskcpikgfes quk sk gpmgj pgrg sgimrsk fk su seorkpeoigfgogrrg kstgfstmhg.

    Xie g fes arupes pgrkhk je dgokr fknrgufgfe< g igs nkcmjmstgs, perqukjujhg kspkrgrej jgfg oukje fk kiig, y g qumkjks ig hejehkj omkj. Ikspkfmces g Cejtskrrgt Xgaet y g Cjmhg Jgaki quk jes fkshrmomkrgj g igPrksmfkjtg kj sus zgpgtes, fksfk ies suyes, ujg hece kxpkrtg kj ajkrey ig etrg hece gcmag y peitmhg.

    ]g fk jgturgikzg rkskrvgfg, fmhkj quk g IgurgHD kj ie prmvgfe igmcpepuigrmfgf y ig seikfgf fki pefkr ig veivmkrej cs fkshej gfg

    y fmstgjtk, gujquk kj ig hgiik smauk sejrmkjfe y enrkhmkjfe gorgzes.

    Xerprkjfk quk sk ies fkvukivgj perquk tmkjk ki trmstk rherf fk ig pkerhgim hgfg fk ies itmces tmkcpes< pefrg skr kxprksmj fk himkjtkimsce,

    giaj tmpe fk ompeigrmfgf sehmgi quk skpgrg g ig pkrsejg fk ig Prksmfkjtge akjumje gargfkhmcmkjte fmsmcuigfe trgs ksg ckzhig kjtrk herts kdmphrmtg fki tmhe preckfme quk hdm g pgrg hecpighkr g ig cgjgfg. Ie

    sgorkces omkj pgsgfe ki 4 fk cgye hugjfe ki pgs kcpmkhk g sepksgrhgfg cmjute ghtugfe y hgfg cmjute ecmtmfe perquk, gi fkhmr fk Gjakig Ghug, je krg jm gjtks jm fkspus quk g Igurg Hdmjhdmiig Cmrgjfg iktehgrg pretgaejmzgr su derg dmstrmhg.

    Hgfg ghejtkhmcmkjte mcpertgjtk tmkjk su derg dmstrmhg y jgfg sk gfkigjtg jm skgtrgsg kj ki hejstgjtk fmshurrmr fk ies fgs2 Gjakig Ghug Orewj (7444-7=48)

    prmckrg hestgrrmhkjsk y hkjtregckrmhgjg kj argfugrsk hece goeagfg y nujfgfergfk ig Imag Nkcmjmstg fk Hestg _mhg kj 7=?8. Fkhigrgfg Okjkcrmte kj 7=4?2

    Per GJ] P_KR / Pkrmefmstg / [email protected]

    trgn h stgtkckjt

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    Kj nkorkre fki ?070 Igurg Hdmjhdmiig nuk kikhtg Prksmfkjtg fk Hestg _mhg hej ujg cgyerg sustgjtmvg

    fk vetes, akjkrgfes seork tefe per ki gpeye fkhmfmfe fk cuhdsmcgs cubkrks fk kstk pgs quk vmkrejkj su hgjfmfgturg ig precksg fk maugifgf kjtrk ies skxes fk ig quk dgogj dgoigfe igs nkcmjmstgs percs fk feshmkjtes ges. Xkaj ujg kjhukstg fk ig [jmvkrsmfgf fk Hestg _mhg (HMKP-[H_, ?070)Igurg Hdmjhdmiig rkhmom ig cgyerg fk ies vetes per igs smaumkjtks rgzejks2 su pkrsejgimfgf (?=%),sus prepukstgs fk hgcpgg (74%) y per skr cubkr (7>%). Ks fkhmr, igs hgrghtkrstmhgs pkrsejgiks fkHdmjhdmiig preykhtgfgs kj ig hgcpgg, su precksg fk kstgoikhkr ujg rkf fk humfe y cgyer skaurmfgfhmufgfgjg, y ki dkhde fk skr cubkr, ieargrej hejkhtgr hej uj kikhtergfe, seork tefe nkckjmje, fkskesefk vkr hgcomes y fk fgrik jgickjtk ig epertujmfgf g ujg cubkr fk dghkr igs hesgs fmnkrkjtks.

    Kj ki trmujne fk Igurg Hdmjhdmiig sk cgtkrmgimzgrej gs igs iuhdgs fk cubkrks hece jakig Ghug,Hermjg _efraukz, Xgrg Hgsgi, ]eigjfg Erkgcuje, Hgrckj Iyrg y etrgs quk ikvgjtgrej ig mfkg fk qukujg sehmkfgf vkrfgfkrgckjtk fkcehrtmhg seie pefg kxmstmr hugjfe igs cubkrks sk hejvmrtmkrgj kjpgrtmhmpgjtks ghtmvgs fk ig vmfg peitmhg. Etrg mfkg fk kstgs prmckrgs iuhdgfergs y quk, preogoikckjtk,tgcomj mj uy kj ig kikhhmj fk Hdmjhdmiig ks quk igs cubkrks, hej su pgrtmhmpghmj kj ki cujfe

    poimhe, gyufgrgj g sgjkgr ig peitmhg y ki kbkrhmhme fki pefkr.

    Xmj kcograe, fksfk ig hgcpgg kikhtergi, yg uj arupe fk ghtmvmstgs y ghgfcmhgs dgogces gfvkrtmfequk g ie igrae fk su hgrrkrg peitmhg, Igurg Hdmjhdmiig jujhg dgog gsucmfe uj hecprecmse higre hejig maugifgf kjtrk cubkrks y decorks, quk su hkrhgjg hej skhterks rkimameses hejskrvgferks ik mog gpejkr skrmes icmtks gi gvgjhk fk ujg gakjfg fk fkrkhdes ducgjes pgrg igs cubkrks y etres arupesfmshrmcmjgfes, y quk su gpeye g peitmhgs khejcmhgs fk hertk jkeimokrgi je mog g gyufgr g fmscmjumrig kxhiusmj sehmgi y ig fksmaugifgf kj ki pgs.

    ], igckjtgoikckjtk, je jes kqumvehgces. Fksfk ki mjmhme fk su aeomkrje, Hdmjhdmiig gsucm ujgghtmtuf fmstgjtk y kvgsmvg hej ig hmufgfgjg, seork tefe kj ies ceckjtes fmnhmiks. Ksg je krg ig ghtmtufpkrsejgi per ig quk ig akjtk dgog vetgfe, jm krg ig nercg gitkrjgtmvg fk dghkr peitmhg quk sk duomkskkspkrgfe fk ig prmckrg cubkr prksmfkjtg. Ie gjtkrmer cgrh ki teje fk ig mjhecujmhghmj hej ki pukoiequk hgrghtkrmz g su aeomkrje. Per etrg pgrtk, sm omkj duoe ujg ckberg kj ig skaurmfgf hmufgfgjg, igspeitmhgs mcpikckjtgfgs je ieargrej akjkrgr uj cgyer jckre fk pukstes fk trgogbe fkhkjtk, seorktefe pgrg igs cubkrks, igs cs aeipkgfgs per ki fkskcpike y ies ogbes sgigrmes. Je duoe tgcpehe ujgvgjhk kj cgtkrmg fk fkrkhdes ducgjes y ki kstrmomiie fk kse je ks prmermfgf fk jukstre aeomkrjetefgvg rksukjg kj jukstres efes. Nmjgickjtk, ki mcpghte fk ig rkf fk humfe nuk cjmce, -cs gii fkig gpreoghmj fk ujg iky-, y je dmze ujg argj fmnkrkjhmg kj ig hgrkjhmg kstruhturgi fk iuagrks gfkhugfesfk gtkjhmj, ie quk iks mcpmfk g cuhdsmcgs cubkrks sgimr g trgogbgr trgjqumigs.

    Per kse, pgrg uj argj pgrtk fk ig hmufgfgjg y kj pgrtmhuigr pgrg igs cubkrks, ki aeomkrje fk IgurgHdmjhdmiig rksuit ujg argj fksmiusmj y ujg precksg mjhucpimfg fk uj ckber aeomkrje.

    61

    Per CEJVXK__GV XGAEV _. *

    *Cejtskrrgt Xgaet ks Pd.F kj Xehmeieag, hej kspkhmgimfgf kj Xehmeieag fki Ajkre, per Vdk Gckrmhgj [jmvkrsmty, Qgsdmjatej FH y ks hgtkfrtmhg fk ig [jmvkrsmfgf fk Hestg _mhg.

    IG[_G HDMJHDMIIG y ig precksg mjhucpimfg

    Per HGVGIMJG FKIAGFE

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    Hejeh g Igurg Hdmjhdmiig g trgvs fk cm hugfe quk smkcprk dg cmimtgfe kj ki PIJ. Pkrtkjkhkces g ig cmscg akjkrghmjy gcogs mjhursmejgces kj ig vmfg peitmhg kj ig cmscg pehg, kj fmnkrkjtks pgrtmfes. Pkre gfkcs, g ie igrae fk ig vmfg,jes dkces kjhejtrgfe cuhdgs vkhks per smtughmejks igoergiks e fk mjtkrs hecj.

    Ki tmkcpe dg trgjshurrmfe< kj kstk ceckjte seces cubkrks cgfurgs, hej kxpkrmkjhmg, quk tefgvg tkjkces cuhde qukenrkhkr g jukstre pgs y quk qukrkces hecpgrtmr ies gprkjfmzgbks gfqumrmfes hej igs jukvgs akjkrghmejks fk cubkrks qukvmkjkj fktrs fk jesetres, tgjte kj ki hgcpe peitmhe hece kj ki prenksmejgi...kj ie poimhe e kj ie prmvgfe.

    Hejsmfkre g Igurg ujg pkrsejg mjtkimakjtk, cksurgfg, fkhmfmfg, hej argj skjsmomimfgf sehmgi, smkcprk mjtkrksgfg kj kiomkjkstgr fk ig akjtk, kspkhmgickjtk fk ies jmes. ] ks prkhmsgckjtk kj ksk tkcg kj ki quk kjhejtrgces argj g jmfgf

    puks, ehupgjfe ki hgrae fk Cmjmstrg fk Bustmhmg, tuvk kj kiig ujg mjtkriehuterg smjhkrgckjtk mjtkrksgfg kj ies ckjerksmjnrghterks y kj ig iuhdg per prkvkjmr ki fkimte kj jukstre pgs. Gs nuk hece mjtkargces bujtgs ig Hecmsmj fk Prkvkjhmjfki Fkimte, cuhde dmhmces y tgcomj cuhde ngit. Ks higre quk gj je kxmstk ig su hmkjtk skjsmomimzghmj kj cuhdg akjtk,

    ghkrhg fk quk ks cs k hgz y khejcmhe prkvkjmr quk rkprmcmr.

    Etre kikckjte quk fkoe rksgitgr fk Igurg, hece pkrsejg, ks quk ies mcpertgjtks hgraes quk dg ehupgfe je dgj hgcomgfesu cgjkrg fk skr. Igs ehgsmejks kj quk jes dkces vmste, smkjfe kiig Prksmfkjtg, dg tkjmfe smkcprk uj sgiufe hgrmese yujg pgigorg gcgoik pgrg c y pgrg cuhdgs etrgs pkrsejgs quk ig hejehmces fksfk gjtks. Vkjae ig skjsghmj fk quk, gfmnkrkjhmg fk etres bkrgrhgs y cgjfgtgrmes, furgjtk kstes hugtre ges jujhg eivmf qumj krg, ie hugi ig dmze hejskrvgr supkrsejgimfgf, cgjtkjmkjfe vmvgs sus gcmstgfks y sus gnkhtes.

    Hejsuiterg mjtkrjghmejgi kj tkcgs quk peitmhgckjtk je krgj cuy gtrghtmves, sk prkehup per kjhejtrgr seiuhmejks kjcgtkrmg fk skaurmfgf, fkimjhukjhmg y etres quk tgi vkz je trggj cuhdes vetes, pkre quk kiig hejsmfkrgog nujfgckjtgikspgrg ki fksgrreiie fk Hestg _mhg.

    Ks per kse quk ik pkf quk nukrg ikhterg fk cm tksms fk argfe, kj ig cgkstrg fk Hmkjhmgs Peitmhgs quk hurs kj ig[jmvkrsmfgf fk Hestg _mhg, ujes fehk ges gtrs. Ig kika per hejsmfkrgr quk skrg eobktmvg, quk tkjg ies hejehmcmkjtesjkhksgrmes pgrg aumgrck y ig veiujtgf pgrg eteragrik u jgs dergs g ujg gcmag fk mfkeieag peitmhg fmnkrkjtk g ig suyg, pkrehej mjtkrks