Scabies & Lice.rev_ism

TUNGAU TUNGAU (MITES) PENDAHULUAN Termasuk ordo Acarina Infeksi oleh tungau disebut acariasis Tungau yang penting dalam ilmu kedokteran : Famili Sarcoptidae (Tungau kudis) Famili Trombiculidae

Transcript of Scabies & Lice.rev_ism

Page 1: Scabies & Lice.rev_ism



Termasuk ordo Acarina Infeksi oleh tungau disebut acariasis Tungau yang penting dalam ilmu

kedokteran :Famili Sarcoptidae (Tungau kudis)Famili Trombiculidae

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1. Tungau skabies1. Tungau skabies

Famili Sarcoptidae Etiologi penyakit kudis :

Sarcoptes scabiei Penyakitnya :

skabies/buduk /kudis Ektoparasit, hidup pada

kulit, membuat terowongan di bawah stratum corneum, yang betina meletakkan telur

Predileksi : kulit tipis (sela jari, pergelangan tangan, lipat paha, genital) Sumber :A Colour Atlas of Clinical Parasitology. Tomio

YamaguchiAlih Bahasa : Lesmana Padmasutra, dkk.

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1. Tungau skabies

Sering pada anak-anak dan orang dewasa yang higienenya kurang baik

Kondisi ini sering dijumpai di asrama, rumah yatim piatu, pesantren, penjara, asrama tentara Sumber : Color Atlas of Medicine and Parasitology. 1977

W. Peters & H.M. Gillers

Jantan Betina

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1. Tungau skabies1. Tungau skabies

Gejala Klinis Gatal terutama malam, disebabkan oleh :

Pembuatan terowongan oleh tungau betinaReaksi tubuh terhadap tinja atau ekskresi sisa

metabolisme tungau

Pruritus, vesikula dan pustula mengikuti gambaran terowongan

Pustula terjadi akibat infeksi sekunder bakteri

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1. Tungau skabies1. Tungau skabies


Predileksi penyakit skabies pada manusia

Sumber : Basic Clinical Parasitology. 1994. Neva F.A. & Brown H.W.

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Infeksi skabies pada kaki

Seorang anak Papua menderita skabies. Pruritis dan dermatitis lokal yang hebat muncul setelah beberapa hari terinfeksi

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1. Tungau skabies1. Tungau skabies


Infeksi skabies menahun pada skrotum

Sumber :A Colour Atlas of Clinical Parasitology. Tomio Yamaguchi. Alih Bahasa : Lesmana Padmasutra, dkk.

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Skabies pada tangan

Skabies pada kaki

Infeksi skabies pada labia major dan kulit sekitarnya

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1. Tungau skabies1. Tungau skabies

Klinis Melihat kelainan kulit di daerah predileksisMenggaruk di daerah predileksi


LaboratorisUji KOH : Kerokan kulit yang ada terowongan,

letakkan di atas kaca benda, tetesi KOH 10%, panasi sebentar, tutup kaca penutup, lihat di bawah mikrokop (menemukan tungau atat telurnya)

Uji Tinta : permukaan kulit ditetesi tinta hitam, sedikit ditekan, tinta dicuci, tampak liku terowongan


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1. Tungau skabies1. Tungau skabies


Dulu salep 2-4 Solutio benzyl benzoat 20-35% Salep mengandung senyawa gammexan

(gamma-benzene-hexaclorida) atau lindane Krim mengandung senyawa permethrin 5%


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Pakaian dan sprei direndam dalam air panas, untuk membunuh telur dan larva

Kasur sering dijemur

Selain pengobatan penderita, juga

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Parasite species. Two species of lice infest humans, one of which is divided into two subspecies

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General morphology

- Lice are dorsoventrally flattened insects, about 1.5–4mm in length, wingless, with reduced eyes, short (five segmented) antennae, piercing and sucking mouthparts, and strong claws designed to cling to hairs.

- Lice develop from eggs (called nits) glued to hairs. The hatched louse grows and molts through three larval stages to become an adult.

- Lice remain on a host permanently; both males and females are hematophagous and require frequent bloodmeals. Lice are highly host-specific, so that animals cannot be a source of infestation for humans

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Pediculus humanus capitis

Morphology and biology.

- Oval body, length 2.2–4.0 mm, morphology very similar to the body louse. - Nits are 0.5–0.8 mm long. Localization is mainly in the hair on the head, occasionally also on other hairy areas of the head or upper body. The nits are glued to the base of the hair near the skin. - Duration of development from nit to adult is 17 days. - The lifespan of adults on human host about one month, survival off host at room temperature is for up to one week.

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Clinical manifestation

- Pruritus and excoriations in the scalp area, nits on hairs, especially in the retroauricular area.

- In some cases scalp dermatitis, especially at the nuchal hair line: small papules, moist exanthema, and crusting.

- Occasionally also generalized dermatitis on other parts of the body caused by allergic reactions to louse antigens.

- Both objective and subjective symptoms may be lacking in up to 20% of cases.

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- Determination of symptoms and detection (direct or with magnifier) of lice and/or nits, especially around the temples, ears, and neck.

- It is important to clarify the epidemiological background regarding all possible sources of infestation (e.g., in schools). Some countries have introduced regulations on control of outbreaks of louse infestation in schools andother community institutions.

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A variety of different insecticides are available for therapy, for instance pyrethrum, permethrin, malathion, and c-hexachlorocyclohexane (c-HCH, lindane)

Follow the preparation application instructions and repeat application after seven to 10 days. Rinsing the hair with 5% vinegar in water followed by mechanical removal of the nits with a “louse comb” is a supportive measure

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Pediculus humanus corporis

Morphology and biology.

-Oval body, length: 2.7–4.7mm. Very difficult to distinguish from head louse.

- Localization mainly in clothing, where nits are deposited on fibers. These lice contact to the host only for blood meals.

- Duration of life cycle about three weeks, lifespan on host usually four to five weeks, rarely as long as two months; can survive without a host at 10–20 8C for about one week and at 0–10 8C for approximately 10 days.

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Clinical manifestations and diagnosis

Bite reactions on the body, especially around the underwear, are indicative of body louse infestation. To confirm diagnosis inspect clothing for nits and lice.

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Phthirus pubis (Crab or Pubic Louse)

Occurrence,morphology, and biology.

- Infestations are more frequent in adults than in children and in men more frequently than in women. This louse species can be readily differentiated from the head or body louse: small, length 1.3–1.6mm, with trapezoid or crablike body form.

- The parasites are most often found on hair of the pubic and perianal region, more rarely on hairy areas of the abdominal region, hairs around the nipples, beard hairs, eyelashes, andeyebrows. The life cycle takes three to four weeks.

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Clinical Manifestation-Pruritus and scratches in the genital area and other infestation sites.-In some patients typical slate-blue spots, a few mm to 1 cm in size (maculae coeruleae, macula = spot, coeruleus = blue, blackish).

Diagnosis and therapy -Detection of lice and nits in the pubic area and other possible localizations by means of inspection (magnifying glass!).-Treatment with lindane,malathion, or other substances.-It is important to identify contact persons and have them treated as necessary.

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Thank you….