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1 | P a g e

Regional Training of Trainers APELL: Awareness and Preparedness for

Emergencies at Local Level

Workshop Report

19 21 August 2015 Swissotel Nai Lert Park, Bangkok Thailand

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Contents

BACKGROUND ................................................................................................................................................ 3

WORKSHOP OBJECTIVES AND KEY OUTCOMES ............................................................................................. 4

SESSION 1: Soft Launch of 2nd Edition APELL Handbook ................................................................................ 4

SESSION 2: Introducing the APELL Process and the Handbook ..................................................................... 4

SESSION 3: The APELL Process and Achieving Success .................................................................................. 5

SESSION 4: ENGAGING STAKEHOLDERS: Roles and Responsibilities of Stakeholders in Implementing APELL for Safer Communities ......................................................................................................................... 6

SESSION 5: UNDERSTANDING HAZARDS and RISKS and PREPAREDNESS PLANNING: .................................. 7

Reviewing Existing Capabilities and Plans ...................................................................................................... 7

SESSION 6: PREPAREDNESS PLANNING: Achieving the Vision of Success and Creating the Strategic Plan .. 8

SESSION 7: PREPAREDNESS PLANNING, and MAINTAINING APELL: Development and Maintenance of the Community Preparedness Plan ...................................................................................................................... 9

SESSION 8: Implementing, Disseminating, Testing: Obtaining Government Authority Endorsement ........ 10

SESSION 9: Implementing, Disseminating, Testing: Implementation and Community ............................... 10

Engagement ................................................................................................................................................. 10

SESSION 10: Next Steps and Maintaining Momentum ................................................................................ 11

CLOSING SESSION......................................................................................................................................... 12

ANNEX 1 WORKSHOP AGENDA ................................................................................................................. 13

ANNEX 2 - PARTICIPANTS LIST ..................................................................................................................... 18

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BACKGROUND Industrial and man-made disasters are still occurring all around the world, such as the recent train derailment that released toxic fumes in Tennessee, U.S.A (July 2015), the explosions in the port of Tianjin, China (August 2015), or the fire that occurred in the slipper manufacturing factory in Manila, Philippines (June 2015).

In addition to being one of the most natural disaster-prone regions in the world, Asia has undergone rapid industrialization in the recent past, and there has been a shift in global companies industrial operations towards Asia. As there has been increased interest in implementing operations and industrial processes in developing countries, preparedness for technological hazards and environmental emergencies is particularly relevant. In developing countries, regulations may be weaker or less enforced, and the likelihood and impact of accidents continues to increase.

In response to various severe industrial accidents that occurred in both highly industrialized and industrializing countries, which resulted in adverse impacts on the environment and people, UNEP developed the APELL international programme in 1988. In 1991, UNEP Governing Council Decision 16/32 further required promotion of APELL implementation and use of its network. Developed in partnership with industry associations, communities and governments, APELL is a methodology that provides guidance to local industry, authorities and population for a multi-stakeholder preparedness effort.

Asian Disaster Preparedness Center (ADPC), in partnership with UNEP, organized a Training of Trainers Regional Workshop on APELL in Bangkok, Thailand from 19 21 August 2015. Potential trainers from government authorities, academia and the private sector of the following countries were selected to participate in the workshop: China, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines, Thailand, Cambodia, Myanmar, Nepal, India, Sri Lanka and Afghanistan. The purpose of the APELL Regional workshop was to build the capacity of interested stakeholders in Asia and to establish a regional network of trainers for future implementation of the APELL Programme in Asia. Furthermore, the second edition of the APELL Handbook was launched just before the start of the workshop. This handbook proposes a process for improving community awareness and preparedness for technological hazards and environmental emergencies. It builds on the rich experience gained from the programme over the years, and presents the APELL Process as an adaptable approach for each communitys goals regarding preparedness. The handbook was launched in the presence of UNEP Regional Office of Asia and the Pacific Director, Mr. Kaveh Zahedi; ADPC Executive Director, Mr. Shane Wright; and APELL Handbook main author and workshop lead trainer, Mr. Tim Gablehouse, and regional participants of the workshop.

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WORKSHOP OBJECTIVES AND KEY OUTCOMES Specifically, the workshop aimed to:

Strengthen and build the training capacities of existing and potential APELL experts; Promote the presence of APELL experts in the region providing existing and future APELL

practitioners with the tools and knowledge to raise awareness, developing skills to initiate an APELL process at the local level and promote its dissemination at national and regional levels; and

Allow trained experts to support the implementation of the APELL process in their region. The Training of Trainers program will build a common understanding and provide training techniques on APELL.

During the course of the workshop the participants were trained on the 10-step APELL process. In addition, participants shared their respective country experiences with regard to industrial disasters and emergency preparedness at the local level. At the end of the workshop, participants explained how they can best support in raising awareness and implementing APELL initiatives in their respective countries within their mandate. Suggestions were also shared about future support needed to strengthen and sustain the regional network of APELL trainers. Please refer to Annex 1 for a detailed agenda of the workshop.

DAY 1 SESSION 1: Soft Launch of 2nd Edition APELL Handbook The 2nd Edition of the APELL handbook was introduced by UNEP Regional Office of Asia and the Pacific (UNEP ROAP) Director, Mr. Kaveh Zahedi. He delivered a brief introduction to the APELL programme. ADPC Executive Director, Mr. Shane Wright welcomed all participants and resource persons to Bangkok. He congratulated UNEP for the release of the 2nd Handbook, and conveyed the need for more attention for emergency preparedness at local level in Asia, which is a disaster-prone region and has strong industrial presence. Mr. Tim Gablehouse (APELL Expert and main author of the handbook, Colorado Emergency Preparedness Partnership Commission, USA) highlighted that response agencies are typically better funded than preparedness agencies. He emphasized the importance and value of preparedness efforts for the local communities, which is demonstrated by the handbook. The launch was concluded with a group photo session. SESSION 2: Introducing the APELL Process and the Handbook Before the start of the session, participants were invited for a self-introduction around the table. Please refer to Annex 2 for the list of participants and their contact information.

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Introduction to APELL Process (Presented by Ms. Sandra Averous Monnery, Programme Officer, UNEP Division of Technology, Industry and Economics (DTIE)) In this session, key past disasters were presented and the following benefits of preparedness for local communities in reducing deaths, injury and damage were emphasized: Local communities are aware of the local risks and its impacts, prepared to respond appropriately in the event of an accident, better coordination and preparedness of emergency services at local level. Subsequently the APELL process was introduced and a brief background of the programme, its past activities and achievements were presented.

Review of the Handbook and Training (Presented by Mr. T. Gablehouse, APELL Expert) An overview of the different phases and the ten elements of the APELL process as indicated in the handbook were presented. The scope and objectives of the training workshop was also briefed. SESSION 3: The APELL Process and Achieving Success Key Concepts (Presented by Ms. S. A. Monnery) and definitions were explained to provide context for the overall training program. Key Elements of the 2nd Edition (Presented by Mr. T. Gablehouse) The following key revisions of the 2nd edition handbook were explained:

Renewed emphasis on flexibility to fit community needs. Community-wide preparedness planning rather than only focusing on emergency response Accident prevention responsibility Coordination between emergency response agencies and community preparedness efforts All community members are responsible Metrics