Red Ensign as Nov 2011

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    The Kitchener Flag Australian red ensign. The stars and Union Jack are also handmade and have been appliqud

    to the flag. A square of white silk has been attached to the flag, signed in indelible pencil George R.I. Mary R,

    under the Union Jack, marked THE WHITE HOUSE

    WASHINGTON and signed in ink Woodrow Wilson.

    The large Federation star is signed in pencil J.Foch, thesmaller stars,

    in black ink or pencil D.Haigh, David Beatty, J.Joffre,

    W R Robertson, and Jellicoe.

    The white stripes of the Union Jack have been signed

    Rudyard Kipling, H.H. Asquith, Devonshire, J.P. Morgan,

    A. Bonar Law, D Lloyd George, John Monash, E. Grey,

    Derby, Roseberry, Beresford, Kitchener, W. Birdwood, W.M. Hughes, Randall Cantuar, W Tewkesbury, R.W.Ferguson, Edward Wallington, Edward P, Stamfordham and Beresford.

    The signatures on the flag are those of :

    His Majesty King George V , King of England 1910-1936;

    Her Majesty Queen Mary, Wife of the King of England 1910-1936;

    Edward Windsor, Prince of Wales, later King of England (Edward VIII);President Woodrow Wilson, President of the United States of America 1912-1920;

    The Duke of Devonshire, Governor-General of Canada 1916-1921;Mr Rudyard Kipling, Author and Nobel Prize winner for literature 1907;

    The Right Honourable Andrew Bonar Law, Secretary of State for the Colonies 1916-1921;

    Sir Edward Grey (Viscount Grey), Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs 1905-1916;

    Lord Rosebery, Prime Minister of Great Britain 1894-1895;

    The Honourable William Morris Hughes, Prime Minister of Australia 1915-1922;

    Earl Kitchener of Khartoum and Broome, Secretary of State for War 1914-1916;

    Lord Birdwood of ANZAC and Totnes, Commander of the Australian Imperial Forces 1914-1919;

    Lord Stamfordham, Private Secretary to King George V 1910-1931;Sir Ronald Munro Ferguson, Governor-General of Australia 1914-1920;

    The Honourable Herbert Henry Asquith, Prime Minister of Great Britain 1908-1916;Mr John Pierpont Morgan II, Industrialist said to be one of the worlds richest men;

    The Right Honourable David Lloyd George, Prime Minister of Great Britain 1916-1922;

    Lord Derby, Secretary of State for War1916-1918;

    The Right Honourable Arthur James Balfour, First Lord of the Admiralty 1915-1916;

    Admiral Lord Charles Beresford, Commander of the Channel Fleet 1907-1909;

    Sir Edward Wallington, Private Secretary to Queen Mary 1910-1919;The Most Reverend Randall Davidson, Archbishop of Canterbury 1903-1928;

    Marshal Joseph Joffre, Commander-in-Chief of the French Armies 1915-1917; Earl Haig of Bemersyde,

    Commander-in-Chief of British forces 1915-1919;

    Field Marshal Sir William Robertson, Chief of the Imperial General Staff 1916-1918;

    Viscount Jellicoe of Scapa, Commander of the Grand Fleet 1914-1916;

    Marshal Ferdinand Foch, Commander of Allied forces Western Front 1918;

    General Sir John Monash, Commander of the Australian Corps in France 1918;Admiral Sir David Beatty, Commander of the Grand Fleet 1914-1919;

    Mr William Tewksbury, Originator of the concept for the Kitchener Flag .

    AWM copyright

    First World War, 1914-1918

    Rudyard Kipling was asked to write and epitaph for a War Cemetery. He wrote "Had our fathers not lied to

    us, so many of us would not be here."

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    The younger children usually like this image.

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    A better labelled example of the Flags of the nations involved on the allies side in world warone.

    The People's Flag - the 1901 flag design competition -was announced on 3 September 1901 andthe selected design was subsequently modified and formally adopted from 20 February 1903,with a further change to the current design from 23 February 1908.

    The blue version of the Australian flag was limited to government use and the red intended for

    use by private shipping.At sea the use of the Union Jack was prohibited except on warships of the Royal Navy and therewas -uncertainty as towhether ordinary peoplecould use the Union Jackon land.

    During the 19th centuryin Britain and other partsof the Empire. Thepractice developed forthe British Red Ensign tobe used on land when

    private citizens wantedto fly a flag from abuilding.This practice explainswhy the flag of Canadauntil 1965 was a redensign.Accordingly, from 1909to 1954, the AustralianRed Ensign was the flagused when businessesand individuals wantedto fly a local flag, either

    in addition to or in placeof the Union Jack.Historically theAustralian Red Ensignwas the, Peoples Flagthough there was nocontemporary use of thisdescription.

    The Union Jack was theflag used by theAustralian forces in theSudan War (1885), theBoxer Rebellion (1900-1901), and the Boer War

    (1899-1902, i.e. both before and after Federation).

    The Union Jack was predominant in the First World War. During the Second World War, "therewas confusion about the Union Jack, the Defaced Red Ensign and the Defaced Blue Ensign". Inthe Korean War, Australians fought under the United Nations' Flag. As for Australians fightingunder the present Commonwealth Flag, "the only war (undeclared) where that was definitivelythe case was the Vietnam War".

    Illustration 1: Australian Flag Bottom Left.

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    On November 7th 1920 the remains of an Australian soldierand a French soldier were buried in the Amiens Cathedral.

    The Bishop of Amiens and Marshal Foch expressedthemselves thus:-

    The Bishop of Amiens: "We bow to you, Messieurs les Australians,for the magnificent deeds that you did in those days, now happily atan end, for your country and for France, and for the victory of hopeand sanity. The soil of France is transfigured to a new divinity byyour sacrifices. In the whole of history we cannot find an army moremarvellous in its bravery, and in the war there was none that

    contributed more nobly to the final triumph".

    Marshal Foch: "We intend today in Amiens to express to you andthe Commonwealth of Australia our gratitude......Our aspirations andour will had to be agreed, they could not be too closely allied.Although our task was never easy, it was made less difficult by thepatriotism and the passionate valour of the Australians that servedas an example to the whole world. That wonderful attack of yours at

    Villers Bretonneux was the final proof, if any were needed, that thereal task of the High Command was to show itself equal to itssoldiers.

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    You saved Amiens. You saved France. Our gratitude willremain ever and always to Australia. (Note the Australian RedEnsign).

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    Here is the booklet produced by the US forces in WW2 to explaininsignia used by the Australian Navy, Army, and RAAF, comparedwith the USN, US Army & USAAF.

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