Razumijevanje Islama

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Transcript of Razumijevanje Islama

FILOZOFSKI FAKULTET DRUBE ISUSOVE JORDANOVAC 110 ZAGREB

AZIZ HASANOVI

RAZUMIJEVANJE ISLAMA(SKRIPTA ZA INTERNU UPORABU STUDENATA TREE GODINE FFDI)

ZAGREB, 2011.

1

SADRAJUVOD...................................................................................................................................................5 1. POGLAVLJE OPI POGLED NA ISLAM.................................................................................7 1.1. Definicija islama........................................................................................................................7 1.2. Jezino znaenje rijei islam.....................................................................................................7 1.3 Sastavnice islama........................................................................................................................8 1.4. Odlike monoteistikog vjerovanja...........................................................................................10 1.5. Sustavi islama .........................................................................................................................12 1.5.1. Politiki sustav.................................................................................................................12 1.5.2. Ekonomski sustav.............................................................................................................14 1.5.3. Sudski sustav....................................................................................................................16 1.6. Prinos islama opoj uljudbi.....................................................................................................18 2. POGLAVLJE -TEMELJI ISLAMSKOG VJEROVANJA AKAID...........................................20 2.1. Vjerovanje u Boga (Amentu billahi).......................................................................................20 2.1.1. Uporaba rijei Bog ili Allah.............................................................................................20 2.1.2. Tko je Allah d..?............................................................................................................20 2.1.3. Allahova d.. svojstva.....................................................................................................20 2.1.4. Dokazi Allahovog postojanja...........................................................................................22 2.1.5. Nemogunost potpune spoznaje Allaha d.....................................................................23 2.2. Vjerovanje u Boje anele (meleke).......................................................................................23 2.3. Dini - demoni.........................................................................................................................25 2.4. ejtani - avli ili Sotone.........................................................................................................25 2.5. Vjerovanje u Boje knjige (Kitabe).........................................................................................27 2.6. Kuran Sveta Knjiga muslimana..........................................................................................27 2.6.1. to je Kur'an?...................................................................................................................27 2.6.2. Odnos muslimana prema Kur'anu....................................................................................28 2.7. Vjerovanje u Boje poslanike (Resule)...................................................................................30 2.8. Muhamed a.s............................................................................................................................32 2.8.1. Nadnaravnosti Bojih poslanika (Mu'dize)....................................................................34 2.9. Vjerovanje u sudnji dan (Vel jevmil- ahiri).........................................................................35 2.9.1. Smrt i zagrobni ivot (BERZAH).....................................................................................35 2.9.2. Proivljenje Uskrsnue..................................................................................................35 2.9.3. Sudnji dan.........................................................................................................................35 2.9.4. Dennet (raj).....................................................................................................................36 2.9.5. Dehennem (pakao)..........................................................................................................37 2.10. Kada i Kader Sudbina i odreenje......................................................................................37 3. POGLAVLJE ERIJAT..............................................................................................................40 3.1. Jezino znaenje i definicije erijata.......................................................................................40 3.2. Ciljevi erijata.........................................................................................................................40 3.3. Izvori erijata .........................................................................................................................40 3.4. Intencije erijata .....................................................................................................................41 4. POGLAVLJE - DJELATNI ISLAM .............................................................................................54 4.1. Prakticiranje islama.................................................................................................................54 4.1.1. Oitovanje pripadnosti islamu (Kelime - i ehadet)......................................................54 4.2. Molitva (Salat Namaz).........................................................................................................55 4.2.1. Zato klanjamo namaz?....................................................................................................55 4.2.2. Zato je to tako?................................................................................................................56 Ako shvatimo namaz kao izravno obraanje Bogu, prihvaajui da je to najvei stupanj pribliavanja Bogu, doivljavajui to kao uzdignue k Bogu, time smo odgovorili na postavljeno pitanje......................................................................................................................56 2

4.2.3. Zato se to deava?...........................................................................................................57 4.2.4. Za koje namaze tako moemo rei?.................................................................................57 4.2.5. Koje namaze musliman mora obavljati?..........................................................................57 4.2.6. to kvari namaz?..............................................................................................................59 4.3. Islamski post (Sawm)..............................................................................................................59 4.3.1. Tko je duan postiti?........................................................................................................59 4.3.2. Tko ne mora postiti?.........................................................................................................59 4.3.3. to kvari post?..................................................................................................................60 4.3.4. Nadoknada posta..............................................................................................................60 4.3.5. to ne kvari post?.............................................................................................................61 4.3.6. Moralni aspekt posta.........................................................................................................61 4.3.7. Zdravstveni aspekt posta .................................................................................................61 4.3.8. Socijalni aspekt posta.......................................................................................................62 4.4. Obvezno imovinsko davanje (Zekat).......................................................................................62 4.4.1. to znai rije zekat?........................................................................................................62 4.4.2. to je predmet zekata?......................................................................................................62 4.4.3. Koliki je nisab ili obvezujua granica davanja na odreene predmete?...........................63 4.4.4.Kome se daje zekat?..........................................................................................................64 4.4.5. Kome se ne moe dati zekat?...........................................................................................64 4.5. Posebno davanje u mjesecu ramazanu (Sadekatu-l-fitr).........................................................65 4.5.1. Tko je duan davati sadekatu-l- fitr?................................................................................65 4.5.2. Koliki je iznos jedne sadekatu-l- fitre?.............................................................................65 4.5.3. Kome se daje sadekatu-l- fitre?........................................................................................65 4.6. Hodoastiti sveta mjesta u Mekki (Had obaviti)...................................................................66 4.6.1. Tko je duan obaviti had?...............................................................................................66 4.7. Prinoenje godinje rtve u ime Boga (Kurban)......................................................................68 4.7.1. to se moe zaklati u kurban?...........