PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF THE USAID/BANGLADESH Photo, page 1: Tube well in Kalapara (K. Webb, 2016)

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Transcript of PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF THE USAID/BANGLADESH Photo, page 1: Tube well in Kalapara (K. Webb, 2016)

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    MARCH 2016

    This publication was produced at the request of the United States Agency for International Development. It was

    prepared independently by Kathleen Webb, M.A. Sekendar, Shireen Akhter, Muhammad Maksudul Hannan, and Nathan Cutler.

    PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF THE

    USAID/BANGLADESH WASHPLUS ACTIVITY

  • - 2 -

    PERFORMANCE

    EVALUATION OF THE

    USAID/BANGLADESH

    WASHPLUS ACTIVITY

    MARCH 2016

    Performance Evaluation Task Order: AID-388-TO-15-00002

    WASHplus Cooperative Agreement Number: AID-OAA-A-10-00040

    Photo, page 1: Tube well in Kalapara (K. Webb, 2016)

    DISCLAIMER: The author’s views expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect the views of the

    United States Agency for International Development or the United States Government.

  • - 3 -

    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    EXECUTIVE SUMMARY .................................................................................................. 8

    INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................................... 13

    Development Problem & USAID Response ........................................................................................ 14

    WASHplus Activity Overview ................................................................................................................ 14

    PURPOSE OF THE EVALUATION .............................................................................. 16

    Purpose & Audience ................................................................................................................................. 16

    Evaluation Questions ................................................................................................................................ 16

    METHODOLOGY ........................................................................................................... 17

    Data Collection .......................................................................................................................................... 17

    Limitations ................................................................................................................................................... 22

    FINDINGS ........................................................................................................................ 23

    Q1: Achievement of objectives, IRs, and sub-IRs ............................................................................... 23

    Q2: Sustainability of WASHplus activities............................................................................................ 40

    Q3: WASH and Nutrition Integration .................................................................................................. 42

    Q4: Gender Strategies & Equitable Participation ............................................................................... 44

    Q5: Best Practices & Lessons Learned ................................................................................................. 46

    CONCLUSIONS .............................................................................................................. 48

    RECOMMENDATIONS .................................................................................................. 51

    ANNEXES ........................................................................................................................ 55

    Annex A: Evaluation Statement of Work ............................................................................................ 55

    Annex B: Documents Reviewed ............................................................................................................ 62

    Annex C: Data Collection Tools ........................................................................................................... 64

    Annex D: Communities Visited & Individuals Interviewed .............................................................. 72

    Annex E: Additional Data Tables ........................................................................................................... 74

    Annex F: WASHplus Final Evaluation Photos ..................................................................................... 88

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    FIGURES & TABLES

    Figure 1: WASHplus Results Framework ............................................................................................................................15

    Figure 2. Map of households surveyed in WASHplus upazilas .......................................................................................20

    Figure 3. Use of improved drinking water source, baseline and end-line, by upazila................................................26

    Figure 4. Use of improved sanitation facility, baseline and end-line, by upazila ..........................................................28

    Figure 5. Percent (%) of children

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    PHOTOS

    Photo 1. Focus group discussion with men from beneficiary households (Char Fasson)........................................88

    Photo 2. Secondary school demonstration on handwashing (Char Fasson) ...............................................................88

    Photo 3. Bazaar latrine with caretaker (Char Fasson) ......................................................................................................89

    Photo 4. Latrine maker (Char Fasson) .................................................................................................................................89

    Photo 5. Latrine maker with training manual (Char Fasson) ..........................................................................................90

    Photo 6. Tube well (Daulatkhan) ...........................................................................................................................................90

    Photo 7. Focus group discussion with CDF and mother groups (Daulatkhan) ..........................................................91

    Photo 8. Tube well caretakers demonstrating repairs (Daulatkhan) ............................................................................91

    Photo 9. Mother group (Daulatkhan) ...................................................................................................................................92

    Photo 10. Latrine maker (Daulatkhan) .................................................................................................................................92

    Photo 11. Latrine maker (Daulatkhan) .................................................................................................................................93

    Photo 12. Upazila chairman, staff, and ward WATSAN committee (Galachipa) .......................................................93

    Photo 13. Tube well (Galachipa) ............................................................................................................................................94

    Photo 14. Latrine maker (Galachipa) ....................................................................................................................................94

    Photo 15. Bazaar latrine (Galachipa) .....................................................................................................................................95

    Photo 16. Tube well (Galachipa) ............................................................................................................................................95

    Photo 17. Primary school latrine (Kalapara) .......................................................................................................................96

    Photo 18. Primary school handwashing device (Kalapara) ..............................................................................................96

    Photo 19. Primary school tube well (Kalapara) ..................................................................................................................97

    Photo 20. WASHplus poster (Kalapara) ..............................................................................................................................97

    Photo 21. WASHplus sign (Kalapara) ...................................................................................................................................98

    Photo 22. Tube well sign with AWAS staff (Kalapara) .....................................................................................................98

    Photo 23. Tube well (Kalapara) ..............................................................................................................................................99

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    ACRONYMS

    ADP Annual Development Plan

    AVAS Association of Voluntary Actions for Society

    BCC Behavior Change Communication

    CAPs Community Action Plans

    CATs Community Approach to Total Sanitation

    CDCS Country Development Cooperation Strategy

    CDF Community Development Forum

    CLTS Community Led Total Sanitation

    COAST Coastal Association for Social Transformation CSA Community Situational Analysis

    DAM Dhaka Ahsania Mission

    DORP Development Organization of the Rural Poor

    DPHE Department of Public Health Engineering

    DR Document Review