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Title Layout

GROUP MEMBERSM Tayab ismat

PARAGRAPH WRITTING

THE PARAGRAPH IS A SERIES OF SENTENCES OF DEVELOPING ONE TOPIC

THE REST OF THE PARAGRAPH CONSIST OF SENTENCES THAT DEVELOP OR EXPLAIN THE MAIN IDEATHE TOPIC OF A PARAGRAPH IS STATED IN ONE SENTENCE

Decide what the main topic of the paragraph is going to be?

Before you begin writing your paragraph, you must have a clear idea of what the paragraph is going to be about. This is because a paragraph is essentially a collection of sentences that all relate to one

In order to pin down the exact topic of your paragraph, you should ask yourself a number of questions:

CENTRAL TOPIC

Title LayoutWhat is the prompt I have been given?

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If you are writing a paragraph as a response or answer to a particular prompt, such as "You have decided to donate money to charity. What is the prompt I have been given?

Which charity do you choose and why?" ," you will need to think carefully about that prompt and make sure you are directly addressing it, rather than going off topic.

What are the main ideas or issues that I need to address? Think about the topic you are being asked or have decided to write about and consider what the most relevant ideas or issues relating to that topic are. As paragraphs are usually relatively short, it is important that you try to hit on all of the main ideas, without going off topic.

Figure out how you want to structure your paragraph. Now that all of your thoughts, ideas, facts and figures are laid out clearly in front of you, you can start to think about how you want to structure your paragraph. Consider each of the points you wish to address and try to arrange them in a logical order - this will make your paragraph more coherent and easier to read.

This new order may be chronological, may put the most important information first, or may just make the paragraph easier and more interesting to read - it all depends on the topic and style of the paragraph you wish to write.

Once you have decided where you want everything to go, you can rewrite your points according to this new structure - this will help to make the writing process a lot faster and more straightforward.

The first paragraph is called the Introduction. The introduction paragraph has two main purposes:

1. It introduces the topic to prepare the reader for what you will be writing.2. It hooks the reader so that they will be interested in reading more.

The Introduction Paragraph

How do you begin to write an introduction paragraph?

1: Most essays begin with a general statement (generalization). This sentence typically acts as the topic sentence for the paragraph.2: Next, the supporting detail sentences are written to narrow the topic.3: In this first paragraph the writer must introduce the topic by making a thesis statement. A thesis statement is similar to a topic sentence. It is a general statement that tells the reader what you will be writing about. 4: The introduction should also hook the reader. This means that the introduction should draw the reader in. It should make the reader want to read more of the essay.

These 4 elements which makes the paragraph writing effective:

1: Unity. Unity in a paragraph begins with the topic sentence. Every paragraph has one single, controlling idea that is expressed in its topic sentence, which is typically the first sentence of the paragraph. A paragraph is unified around this main idea, with the supporting sentences providing detail and discussion. In order to write a good topic sentence, think about your theme and all the points you want to make. Decide which point drives the rest, and then write it as your topic sentence.

2: Order.Order refers to the way you organize your supporting sentences. Whether you choose chronological order, order of importance, or another logical presentation of detail, a solid paragraph always has a definite organization. In a well-ordered paragraph, the reader follows along easily, aided by the pattern youve established. Order helps the reader grasp your meaning and avoid confusion.

3: Coherence. coherence is the quality that makes your writing understandable. Sentences within a paragraph need to connect to each other and work together as a whole. One of the best ways to achieve coherency is to use transition words. These words create bridges from one sentence to the next. You can use transition words that show order (first, second, third); spatial relationships (above, below) or logic (furthermore, in addition, in fact). Also, in writing a paragraph, using a consistent verb tense and point of view are important ingredients for coherency.

4: Completeness. Completeness means a paragraph is well-developed. If all sentences clearly and sufficiently support the main idea, then your paragraph is complete. If there are not enough sentences or enough information to prove your thesis, then the paragraph is incomplete. Usually three supporting sentences, in addition to a topic sentence and concluding sentence, are needed for a paragraph to be complete. The concluding sentence or last sentence of the paragraph should summarize your main idea by reinforcing your topic sentence.

when you start a paragraph 5 weak words you should avoid, when u start a writing keep in mind not use that weak words which destroy the power of your work.

REALLYTHINGSI BELIVE / I THINK / I FEELWAS/IS/ARE/AMVERY

Types of Paragraphs

There are three main types of paragraphs:

The Narrative ParagraphThis type of paragraph describes one primary topic and narrates or tells its story

This topic usually involves one main event, adventure, scene, or happening

1.Start with a topic sentence that grabs the reader's attention.2.Write events in the order in which they occurred.3.Use plenty of interesting details.

The paragraph provides lots of detail but stays on topic.

Tips for Writing a Narrative Paragraph

Start your narrative paragraph with a strong topic sentence and beginning"This past weekend I had the time of my life.First, Friday night, I had my best friend over and we made a delicious, mouth-watering pizza. After we ate, we had a friendly video game competition."

When talking about the weekend, the paragraph starts with the first day.

Use transition words to move from event to event:"On Saturday, my dad took us out on the boat. The weather was perfect and the water was warm. It was a great day to go for a swim. Later that night, we went to the movies. We saw an action-packed thriller and ate a lot of popcorn."

Do you see how the bolded words move the narrative naturally from one thing to the next-

End your detailed description with a good concluding sentence:"Finally, on Sunday, we rode our bikes all over town. By the end of the day, my legs were very tired. I only hope that next weekend can be as fun as this one."

This paragraph keeps everything in order and gives lots of detail about one thing: the weekend.

The Descriptive ParagraphWhen writing this type of paragraph, you describe something with words that allow your reader almost to "see" what you're describing.

Use strong verbs and colorful adjectives in a Descriptive ParagraphVerb Examples (action words):

run, leap, shout, fly

Adjective Examples (describe nouns):

smelly, disgusting, gorgeous, radiant, brilliant, andgigantic

"Thepetite younggirl merrily skippedaround theblossoming, fragrantbushes."

"Astrong, putridodor flowedthrough themustyair outside the garbage dumpster."

Each sentence lets the reader see (and smell!) what is being described.

Sample Sentences with strong verbs and colorful adjectives:

When writing this type of paragraph, you provide information. You write it in a logical sequence so your reader can follow the ideas.

The Expository Paragraph

The topic sentence in an Expository Paragraph:This states the main idea, or what you are going to write about.

Example:"Going to college can be expensive."

Your reader knows this paragraph will be about the costs of going to college.

End with an appropriate concluding sentence:Example:"The fees required to attend college never seem to end."

This sentence ties back to the topic sentence, often by rephrasing it.

The sentence shows you where the sequence of information finally leads you.

ParagraphsCompare and contrastProblem and solutionCause and effect

Overview Of Topics

Topic vs. Main Idea

First, it is very important to recognize the difference between the topic of a reading selection and the main idea. The topic of a selection is the subject matter, what it is about. It usually is expressed in a word or phrase.

EXAMPLE:

The topic of the movie Titanic is this : a love story of two lovers on the Titanic. The main idea would be what the author says about the topic, a complete sentence: The film describes the story of Jack and Rose, two lovers from radically different circumstances, who fall in love during the maiden voyage of the ship Titanic and who tragically sink with the ship.

Here is an example using a book you have probably read.

The topic of Harry Potter and the Sorcerers Stone is this: a boy with special skills entering a school for wizards.

1. Smoking has been proven dangerous to peoples health, yet many continue to smoke for various reasons. For young people, smoking often represents maturity and individuality. Many smoke as a way to reduce tension. In addition, the regular smoker