Monday: . Mourning Different periods of mourning. Decreasing intensity

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Transcript of Monday: . Mourning Different periods of mourning. Decreasing intensity

  • Slide 1
  • Monday: http://jewfaq.org/liturgy.htm
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  • Mourning Different periods of mourning. Decreasing intensity.
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  • 1- ANINUIT: from death to funeral. Positive commandments annulled. Symbolic meal for the close family
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  • 2. Shiva SEVEN days Immediate family Family sits on low stools or on floor. Luxury items put away.
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  • Shiva Mourning suspended at important festivals. Sabbath in mourning.
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  • Shloshim (Thirty) End of 7 period to thirtieth day since burial. Parties, music etc. forbidden.
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  • Avelut A year after the death of parents Parties, music etc. avoided, First 11 months, mourner recites KADDISH prayer every day.
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  • Anniversary of parents death remembered After a year, formal mourning is forbidden. Prayers may still be made on festival days.
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  • Day to Day Week to Week Year to Year Ritual Time is cyclical
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  • Sabbath / Shabbat (Shabbas) Genesis 2:1-3 Thus the heavens and the earth were completed, and all their hosts. On the seventh day God completed the work He had been doing, and He ceased on the seventh day from all His work which He had done. And God blessed the seventh day and made it holy, because on it God ceased from all the work of creation that he had done.
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  • Shabbat The 7th day is the first thing in the Bible that God calls Holy. Seven is a symbolic number.
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  • When is Shabbat? There was evening, and there was morning, the first day Friday evening. 18 minutes before sunset to Sat. night when 3 stars are visible (40 min. after sunset).
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  • Importance: "If the Children of Israel would observe one Shabbat properly, the Mashiach would immediately come" (B. Talmud: Taanit 1,1) Shabbat has kept Israel more than Israel has kept Shabbat (common proverb)
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  • Idea of Shabbat To refrain from creative, purposeful activity. God rested, so should people.
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  • No work. 39 classes of work forbidden. Tabernacle (Shrine) building Observe a Day of tranquility, peace
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  • A taste of the world to come Shabbat liturgy: No requests to god to prepare worshippers for the Messiah On Shabbat, one must life as if Messiah is already here.
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  • Sabbath is a bride SHEKINAH Shabbat is queen of all creation. Queen Sabbath wed Israel. Biblical book: Song of Songs is read.
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  • Main parts of Shabbat Home: Welcoming Shabbat Synagogue for Friday evening (Men) Home: Friday night Synagogue: Everyone: Sat morning Home: Havdalah: closing.
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  • This week: Candlelighting: Montreal: 6:42 Toronto: 7:02 Havdalah:Montreal: 7:42 Toronto: 8:09 Torah Reading: Deut. 29:9-30:20 Nitzavim
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  • Welcoming Shabbat Women typically light 2 candles and then give the blessing. Let there be light Challa bread Wine
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  • Welcoming Shabbat: Family Festival
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  • Challa
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  • Havdalah Separation A return to normal time.
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  • Holy time Shabbat as a Time out of Time
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  • Issues How much work is allowed? What technology is permitted? Cars? Electricity? How far can one go?