Mater et Magistra

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MATER ET MAGISTRA “Mother and Teacher” Group 5 IV – St. Damian Rachelle Nismal Paco Dulay Patrick Magno Nicholas Alcantara



Transcript of Mater et Magistra

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“Mother and Teacher”Group 5

IV – St. Damian

Rachelle NismalPaco Dulay

Patrick MagnoNicholas Alcantara

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wrote this encyclical in 1961 to continue the tradition of Rerum Novarum (1891) and Quadragesimo Anno (1931).

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BACKGROUND The world had

changed considerably in the previous 30 years both politically and economically, but vast poverty remained across the globe.


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INTRODUCTION Mater et Magistra

was pomulgated on May 5, 1961.

The title means "mother and teacher", refers to the role of the church. 

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INTRODUCTION It describes a necessity

to work towards authentic community in order to promote human dignity. It is taught that the state must sometimes intervene in matters of health care, education, and housing.

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INTRODUCTION Pope John XXIII continues by restating

the teachings of earlier encyclical and emphasizing their lessons including the recognition of work as a human activity, the right to private property and the right of workers to enter into association. 


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PROBLEMS on the national level,

-- the provision of employment -- the prevention of privileged groups among workers,-- the maintenance of a balance between wages and prices,-- universal accessibility to goods and services for a better life,-- the elimination or reduction of inequalities among agriculture, industry, and services,-- the balancing of increases in output with advances in services,-- the adjustment of the means of production to technological progress.

on the international level,-- the removal of bad faith from the competitive striving of peoples to increase output,-- the fostering of harmony and cooperation in economic affairs,-- and effective aid for the economically underdeveloped nations HOME

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SOLUTIONS Rural dwellers must receive all essential public


Farmers should be enabled to increase output through an orderly introduction of new technology.

The government should tax farmers in accordance with their peculiar circumstances.

Farmers should have available to them: capital at reasonable rates of interest, social security and insurance, price, the means to strengthen farm income.


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THEMESThe encyclicals

emphasizes the following:

The recognition of work as a human activity

The right to private property 

The right of workers to enter into association. 

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THEMES Most importantly he reaffirms the belief

that all of these activities must be undertaken in accordance with the idea of Christian brotherhood.

Relationship between workers and managers whose relationship should re-established based on justice and equity.


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between workers and managers whose relationship should be re-established based on justice and equity.


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CONCLUSION A nation should balance economic

development with social progress and not sacrifice the welfare of its people for monetary gain. The wealthiest nations of the world should act to help those countries who are less developed and whose people struggle for the life’s basic necessities. Aid from the developed world should come in the form of food for the hungry, but also technology and infrastructure to help other nations develop themselves.