Mahatma Gandhi and Nelson Mandela under ISA - By the students of SBGJ, Guwahati, Assam

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Transcript of Mahatma Gandhi and Nelson Mandela under ISA - By the students of SBGJ, Guwahati, Assam

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Nelson Mandela and Mahatma GandhiWorld politics WithNelson MandelaNelson Mandela is one of the world's most revered statesmen, who led the struggle to replace the apartheid regime of South Africa with a multi-racial democracy. Jailed for 27 years, he emerged in 1990 to become the country's first black president four years later and to play a leading role in the drive for peace in other spheres of conflict. He won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993. His charisma, self-deprecating sense of humor and lack of bitterness over his harsh treatment, as well as his amazing life story, are few reasons among many for his extraordinary global appeal.Mandela against Apartheid

Nelson Mandela was a leading member of the African National Congress (ANC), which opposed South Africa's white minority government and its policy of racial separation, known asapartheid. The government outlawed the ANC in 1960. Mandela was captured and jailed in 1962. He began serving the sentence as prisoner number 46664 on Robben Island, near Cape Town, but instead of disappearing from view, Mandela became a prison-bound martyr and worldwide symbol of resistance to racism.

Mandela in IndonesiaVisiting Indonesia in 1997, Mandela insisted on meeting with the jailed leader of East Timors resistance movement, Xanana Gusmo. Mandela pressed Gusmo and Indonesian President Suharto to begin a dialogue, telling Gusmo every freedom fighter must remain true to his or her principles, without which he or she ceases to be a freedom fighter, however without abandoning those same principles, one must remain focused on achieving peace. And peace can only be attained through dialogue.While Gusmos release took another two years, Mandelas initiative raised the international profile of the struggle over East Timor, thereby hastening its resolution.

Nelson Mandela in IndonesiaMandela remained loyal to dictators like Libyas Colonel Gadafy and Cubas Fidel Castro, owing to their long-standing support of the ANC. However, he rather belatedly condemned the tragic failure of leadership in Robert Mugabes Zimbabwe. After remaining silent during his presidency, Mandela called for recognizing South Africas AIDS epidemic and prioritizing measures to combat it, Mandelas only surviving son (together with his daughter-in-law) having succumbed to the disease in 2005.DeathEvery year on 18 July, the day Nelson Mandela was born, the UN joins a call by the Nelson Mandela Foundation to devote 67minutes of time to helping others, as a way to mark Nelson For 67 years Nelson Mandela devoted his life to the service of humanity, as a human rights lawyer, a prisoner of conscience, an international peacemaker and the first democratically elected president of a free South Africa

Nelson Mandela International DayMahatma GandhiMahatmas Gandhi was the primary leader of India's independence movement and also the architect of a form of civil disobedience that would influence the worldBorn on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, India, Mahatma Gandhi studied law and came to advocate for the rights of Indians, both at home and in South Africa. Gandhi became a leader of India's independence movement, organizing boycotts against British institutions in peaceful forms of civil disobedience. He was killed by a fanatic in 1948.Gandhi in South AfricaWhile traveling by train to Pretoria, Gandhiji experienced his first taste of racial discrimination. Inspite of carrying first class ticket, he was indiscriminately thrown out of the train by the authorities on the instigation of a white man.Instead of fleeing from the scene, Gandhiji stayed back - for 21 years to fight for rights of the Indians in South Africa. It yielded fruit. Under pressure from the British government the attempt to disfranchise Indians in South Africa was abandoned.

Gandhi in South AfricaGandhi in IndiaOne of the greatest men in the history of India is unarguably Mahatma Gandhi. The way he gave shape and character to India's freedom struggle is worthy of a standing ovation. He sacrificed his own life for the sake of his country. The respect that he earned for himself despite leading a simple lifestyle is much appreciable. Mahatma Gandhi played a pivotal role in the freedom struggle of India. His non violent ways and peaceful methods were the foundation for gaining independence from the British.

Mahatma Gandhi, was assassinated on 30 January 1948, shot at close range byNathuram Godse. Gandhi was outside on the steps of a building where aprayer meetingwas going to take place. He was surrounded by a part of his family and some followers when three gunshots killed him. Prior to his death, there had been five unsuccessful attempts to kill Gandhi, the first occurring in 1934.DeathGandhi JayantiMahatma Gandhi's birthday, (Gandhi JayantiorMahatma Gandhi Jayanti) is a gazetted holiday in India on October 2 each year. It marks the anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi's birth on October 2, 1869. Gandhi is remembered for his contributions towards the Indian freedom struggle.

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