MA’AN Development Center

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MA’AN Development Center. The Occupation of the Jordan Valley Destroying the Two State Solution. October 2007. Jordan Valley Update. MA’AN Development Center. Palestine. Overview Location and general information Land Grab and Colonization Israeli control over JV land - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • MAAN Development Center The Occupation of the Jordan ValleyDestroying the Two State Solution October 2007

  • MAAN Development Center PalestineOverview Location and general information

    Land Grab and Colonization Israeli control over JV land Apartheid Wall and settlementsList of Israeli settlements (colonies) in JV House demolition

    Movement RestrictionsResidence restrictions Movement and access restrictions Humanitarian access List of checkpoints in JV

    Vulnerable Economy Agriculture and markets Agricultural barriers that Israel imposes in JV TourismOccupation procedures that inhibit tourism poverty and unemployment

    Water resources Israeli control over water resources Lack of access to water for Palestinians MAAN Development Center Ramallah Head Office, Phone: (+972) 2-295 4451/ 298 6796, Fax: (+972) 2- 295 0755.maanc@palnet.com. www.maan-ctr.org

  • MAAN Development Center Palestine MAAN Development Center Ramallah Head Office, Phone: (+972) 2-295 4451/ 298 6796, Fax: (+972) 2- 295 0755.maanc@palnet.com. www.maan-ctr.org

    The Jordan Valley is located in a stretch of land located at the base of a mountain ridge that runs adjacent to the Jordan River. JV runs from the Sea of Galilee in the north to the Dead Sea in the south.

    The area is rich in agricultural land, warm weather and abundant water sources, offering great economic and political prospects.

    Since 1967, 5 military outposts and 36 settlements have been established in the Jordan Valley. Approximately 6200 settlers live in the area and 58,147 Palestinians (excluding the Bedouin population). Map: UN Office for Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)

  • MAAN Development Center Palestine MAAN Development Center Ramallah Head Office, Phone: (+972) 2-295 4451/ 298 6796, Fax: (+972) 2- 295 0755.maanc@palnet.com. www.maan-ctr.orgSource: Ministry of Planning & the Grassroots Palestinian Anti-Apartheid Wall Campaign *Classification according to 1993 Oslo Agreement

    Israeli control over Jordan Valley land

    Area Classification*DescriptionAreas included Area(total = 2,400 km)% of total JV areaAPalestinian Civil & Security ControlJericho, Al-Uja85 km3.54%BPalestinian Civil Control & Israeli Security ControlEin al-Beida, Bardala, Fasayel, Marj Najeh, Zubeidat, Nassareyyeh50 km2.08%CSettlement Regional Council Control36 settlements1200 km50%Closed zonesBorder line, military bases, natural reserves1065 km44.37%Total under Palestinian control135 km5.62%Total under Israeli control2265 km94.37%

  • Map: Negotiations Support Unit February 2007 Total settlements in JV = 36

    Total # settlers in JV = 6,200In 2003, part of the eastern Wall was built from the Jordan River (east) to Matalla village of Jenin (west)

    Wall segregated 5000 dunums of lands

  • MAAN Development Center Palestine MAAN Development Center Ramallah Head Office, Phone: (+972) 2-295 4451/ 298 6796, Fax: (+972) 2- 295 0755.maanc@palnet.com. www.maan-ctr.org

    Source: The Grassroots Palestinian Anti-Apartheid Wall Campaign Settlements (colonies)

    NoSettlement Area (dunum)Year established Population 1Almog----19771592Argaman83319681663Beit Haarava251980834Bekout67519721565Gifat Salit----20024 families6Gilgal65019701647Gitit ----19731918Givat Olim----199809Hamra----197113210Hemdat----199714011Hill 777----19991212Hill 836----199895

  • MAAN Development Center Palestine MAAN Development Center Ramallah Head Office, Phone: (+972) 2-295 4451/ 298 6796, Fax: (+972) 2- 295 0755.maanc@palnet.com. www.maan-ctr.org

    Source: The Grassroots Palestinian Anti-Apartheid Wall Campaign Settlements (colonies) Land Grab and Colonization

    No Settlement Area (dunum)Year established Population 13Kalia417196827114Kokhaf Hashahar----1977144915Maale Efraym7141970142316Maale Shlomom----19999 families17Mehola 233196836218Mekhoura----197312019Meswa817197013620Mezpe Shalom----197118021Mezray Jericho----1978156322Mezray Karmim----2001136723Mifot Jericho----19992024Mol Nefo662001One woman

  • MAAN Development Center Palestine MAAN Development Center Ramallah Head Office, Phone: (+972) 2-295 4451/ 298 6796, Fax: (+972) 2- 295 0755.maanc@palnet.com. www.maan-ctr.org

    Source: The Grassroots Palestinian Anti-Apartheid Wall Campaign Land Grab and Colonization Settlements (colonies)

    NoSettlement Area (dunum)Year established Population 25Naomi425198213026Nativ Hagidud1037197612727Niran22519774928Petsael----197521529Roi264197611730Rotem5020011831Verd Yeriho----198015632Yavit 106619809933Yitav----197015634Tomer366197828135Shedmot Mehola 609197951636Southern Maale Shlomo ----20030

  • MAAN Development Center Palestine MAAN Development Center Ramallah Head Office, Phone: (+972) 2-295 4451/ 298 6796, Fax: (+972) 2- 295 0755.maanc@palnet.com. www.maan-ctr.org

    Israel continues to confiscate land, demolish homes and prevent rehabilitation of existing houses and roads of the Palestinians, but maintains plans for settlement expansion and infrastructure development for Israeli settlers in the Jordan Valley. Land Grab and Colonization House Demolition

  • MAAN Development Center Palestine MAAN Development Center Ramallah Head Office, Phone: (+972) 2-295 4451/ 298 6796, Fax: (+972) 2- 295 0755.maanc@palnet.com. www.maan-ctr.org

    Source: Jericho District Coordination Office January 2007, alone, sought losses of $56,800 due to house and agricultural facility demolitions Source: Jericho District Coordination Office House Demolition Land Grab and Colonization

  • MAAN Development Center Palestine MAAN Development Center Ramallah Head Office, Phone: (+972) 2-295 4451/ 298 6796, Fax: (+972) 2- 295 0755.maanc@palnet.com. www.maan-ctr.org

    Residence restrictions Since May 2005, only Palestinians with an address on their identification card from the Jordan Valley are allowed to reside there.

    Many people who have lived in the Jordan Valley for many years, but did not have that address on their ID cards were affected

    Women who have married into a family from the Jordon valley for example, or others who were born in other areas of the West Bank but now live there are most affected

    Residents of the Jordon Valley without the corrected address on their identification card fear traveling to other areas of the West Bank in case they are prohibited from returning to their homes.

  • MAAN Development Center Palestine MAAN Development Center Ramallah Head Office, Phone: (+972) 2-295 4451/ 298 6796, Fax: (+972) 2- 295 0755.maanc@palnet.com. www.maan-ctr.org

    On 12 January 2006 Israeli leaders officially announced the isolation of the Jordan Valley from the rest of the West Bank

    Restrict 200,000 land owners from accessing their agricultural land

    Private Palestinian cars travelling through Hamra, Tayasir, Maale Efrayim and Yitav checkpoints are subject to obtaining an Israeli permit, however, permits for private vehicles are very difficult to obtain.

    Bisan checkpoint into Israel at the north of the Valley continues to be available for the export of Jordan Valley agricultural goods to Israel. However, Bisan is a back-to-back checkpoint and a permit is required for the goods. Long delays at Bisan, Hamra and Tayasir checkpoints can result in delays for farmers which, in many cases, results in the spoiling or devaluation of their produce.

    A permanent checkpoint has been established on Road 1 to the Dead Sea preventing all Palestinians from traveling south to the Dead Sea even if they possess permits to enter Israel.Movement and access restrictions

  • MAAN Development Center Palestine MAAN Development Center Ramallah Head Office, Phone: (+972) 2-295 4451/ 298 6796, Fax: (+972) 2- 295 0755.maanc@palnet.com. www.maan-ctr.org

    Movement and Access Palestinian patients and medical staff suffer from the usual delays caused by checkpoints.

    Deterioration in the medical condition of patients due to long waiting hours

    Death and checkpoint deliveries were reported for some emergency medical conditions that could not wait on checkpoints

    Closing checkpoints on Jewish holidays and closure days threats the lives of emergency cases

    Humanitarian Access

  • Hamra checkpoint Electronic search room

  • MAAN Development Center PalestineCheckpoint in the Jordan Valley Source: Jericho District Coordination Office

    Checkpoint LocationOpening hours Type Manned by From To Jericho southern checkpointJericho southern entrance5am10pmPermanentMilitary, Police, DCODyok (Naran) North-west of Jericho 6am5pmPermanentMilitary, Police, DCONewmeNorth of JerichoClosed with cement blocksPermanentBorder guardsTaybeh (Caramelo)North-west of Jericho OpenPermanentMilitary, Police Wadil QiltSouth-west of Jericho Closed with cement blocksPermanent Military HamraNassareyya & Wadi al Bathan5am10pmPermanentMilitary, Police TayaseerNear Tayaseer5am9pmPermanent Military, Police Maale EfrayimNear maale Efrayim settlement6am9pmPermanent Military UjaMuarajat road Open Permanent Border guards

  • MAAN Development Center PalestineCheckpoint in the Jordan Valley Source: Jericho District Coordination Office

    Checkpoint LocationOpening hours Type Manned by From To Jericho southern entranceVerd Yeriho junctionOpenNot permanentBorder guards,PoliceAl Khan al AhmarHizma junctionOpenNot permanent Police Der HijlaDer Hijla junction 6am9pmNot permanentBorder guardsMale AdumimNear Maale Adumim settlement 6am9:30pmPermanentBorder guards, police 07 checkpointEntrance of Al Khan al Ahmar6am9:30pmNot permanentBorder guards, police Bisan On the Green LineOpen PermanentBorder guardsBardalaBardala entranceOpen Not permanent Border gu