Let’s Recap

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Let’s Recap. What is a tenement? Who can give me a rough mapping of who lived where in early cities? Who can explain to me why these people lived where they did? What are the definitions & differences between “immigration” & “in-migration?”. Solving City Problems. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Lets RecapWhat is a tenement?Who can give me a rough mapping of who lived where in early cities?Who can explain to me why these people lived where they did?What are the definitions & differences between immigration & in-migration?

Solving City ProblemsFires are a constant danger in citiesGreat Chicago Fire 1871 strong dry winds + factory grease & oil = 300 dead, 100,000 homeless

Overpopulation as people crowded into citiesLack of sanitation as garbage filled the streets

Solving City Problems

Air pollution from factories pumped out smokeCrime flourishes as living quarters are so close and not secureDeaths from spread of disease and fires in tenements

Solving City Problems

Urban ReformsBuilding Codes: regulations that set standards for construction and safety. New buildings required to have fire escapes & decent plumbing

Cities hired workers to collect garbage & sweep the streets (jobs)

Urban Reforms

Zoning laws kept factories out of neighborhoods where people lived (reduces pollution)

Urban Reforms

Cities set up professional fire companies & police forces (jobs) (safety)

Urban Reforms

Street lights put in cities for nighttime (safety)Public transportation is built in most cities (jobs) (safety) Engineers & Architects hired to design new water systems for clean water (sanitation) (jobs)

Urban Reforms

Social Gospel: movement within American Protestantism in the late 1800s that attempted to apply biblical teachings to societys problemsA calling on Christians to do their duty in helping the poorWork with employers to get workers a day off on Saturdays

Religious Organizations Help the Poor

Religious Organizations Help the PoorMother Cabrini Italian born nun that founds dozens of hospitals for the poorSalvation Army: an international charitable organizationFood, shelter, Christian-based education to the poor

YMHAYMHA- Young Mens Hebrew Association: organization founded in Baltimore in 1854 to provide community services to Jewish neighborhoodsHelped Jewish families acculturate while preserving their culture/ traditionsSpawned the YWHA

Settlement House MovementSettlement houses: community centers that offered services to the poorJane Addams leads the movement in ChicagoCame from a prevalent home & moved to the Chicago slumsOpens her home, an old mansion & creates the Hull House

Many women came to live there and help the movementEducation: government & English languageHealth careRecreational activities: sports, choir, acting

Settlement House Movement

Pressing for ReformWomen knew the only way to make an impactful change was to ban together and uniteHOWEVERwomens rights were still lacking, without the right to vote, they couldnt make an impact or ask for help from the governmentThis starts the womens suffrage movement


On your index card, watch the following pictures SILENTLY and write down adjectives or words that come to mind

As many as you can think of, no limit necessary.Jacob Riis: How the Other Half LivesStep carefully over this babyit is a baby, spite of its rags and dirtunder these iron bridges called fire-escapes, but loaded downwith broken household goods, with washtubs and barrels, over which no man could climb a fire

So.Once the rich and the rest of the country sees the way the other half lives, we realize its time to do something about itBut what?...

What would you make the push to do?For Homework 10 points tomorrowMake a half-page from scratch paperTOP: If Jacob Riis could come and visit Newtown, or where you live todaywhat would he say about the living conditions & social classes?

BOTTOM: Interview mom or dad. Have them reflect the environment where/ when they grew up regarding living conditions & social class stratificationChapters 6 & 7