Land ordinance/ Northwest Ordinance

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Transcript of Land ordinance/ Northwest Ordinance

  • 1. Moving West The Land Ordinance of 1785 & The Northwest Ordinance of 1787
  • 2. New Land Policies Beginning of the Revolution Only a few thousand lived west of the Appalachian Mountains Treaty of Paris of 1763 Proclamation Line of 1763 Forbid moving West By 1790s Treaty of Paris of 1783 allowed Americans to move west Around 120,000 Settlers wanted to organize their lands and join the Union
  • 3. States Relinquish Territories All states relinquished land claims in the new territory and gave it to the congress
  • 4. Congress in Debt Congress had no power to tax the inhabitants of the United States Goal of the Land Ordinance of 1785 To raise money through the sale of land Pay off war debts Organize new territories gained under the Treaty of Paris of 1783
  • 5. Dividing and Selling Land Congress surveyed and Divided the land in order to sell it to people moving west. They passed the Land Ordinance of 1785 to divide the land.
  • 6. Dividing the Land Divided into Townships 6 Miles Long Townships divided into 36 Sections 640 Acres Sold at public auctions for at least $1
  • 7. Land Speculations Speculators viewed the law as an opportunity to accumulate land cheaply Concerned with the lawlessness in the West, Richard Henry Lee urged, the rights of property be clearly defined Congress solved this problem by setting up a new Ordinance called The Northwest Ordinance of 1787
  • 8. The Northwest Ordinance Setting up government in the Northwest Territory
  • 9. The Northwest Ordinance
  • 10. The Northwest Ordinance Passed in 1787 Created the Northwest Territory Would divide the lands into 3-5 smaller territories
  • 11. Setting Up Boundaries Northwest Territory First Organized Territory of the United States Boundaries South of the Great Lakes North and West of the Ohio River East of the Mississippi
  • 12. Abolition of State Claims The new territory was to be controlled by the central government States had to give up their land claims in the West Congress would be the legislative body of the new territories
  • 13. Reaching Statehood When the territory reached a population of 5,000 free male inhabitants of full age they could form a legislature. Once the Territory reached a population of 60,000 it could apply for statehood These states would be admitted to the Union with equal rights of the original 13 states.
  • 14. Establishing Civil Rights Property Rights were Promised Religious Tolerance was proclaimed Free Public Education No Cruel or Unusual Punishment Trial By Jury
  • 15. The Prohibition of Slavery Slavery and Involuntary Servitude was illegal
  • 16. Rights of the Native Americans The utmost good faith shall always be observed towards the Indians; their land and property shall never be taken without their consent; and , in their property, rights, and liberty, they shall never be invaded or disturbed.