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SEI Electric Vehicles Conference, April 2009

Transcript of John Campion Esb

  • Power Generation & SupplyCustomer Supply & Group Services

    SEI / ESB Conference on Electric Vehicles18th Feb 2009

    John Campion, Executive Director, Sustainability, ESB

  • Power Generation & SupplyCustomer Supply & Group Services

    ESB Strategic Framework

  • Power Generation & SupplyCustomer Supply & Group Services

    Be a world leading commercially successful and environmentally responsible utility

    Renewables business of scale

    Sustainable Generation

    Sustainable Networks

    Customer-Focus

    International Growth

    ESB

    2035

    33% r enewables by 2020

    1400 MW Wind

    150MW Ocean

    A sset d isposal

    Clean Coal / CCS

    Open Cy cle Gas Tur bine

    Deliv er in frastructure

    S mar t meters

    S mar t Networks

    Energy Services for customers

    UK 3000 M W

    Eur ope 1600 MW tol led plant

    Sustainability ProgrammeNational Leadership in Environmental Sustainability

    ESB will be exemplary in the management of its internal business in terms of environmental impact and energy efficiency

    Performance&

    Reporting

    30% reduction

    in internal carbon

    footprint by 2012

    Staff Engagement

  • Power Generation & SupplyCustomer Supply & Group Services

    The Challenge of Sustainable Transport

  • Power Generation & SupplyCustomer Supply & Group Services

    In 2005 Ireland emitted 70.3 Mt of CO2e.

    Transport, 13.0

    Agriculture, 19.6

    Other, 15.7

    EU ETS, 22.0

    Source: EPA

    Non-ETS

    48.3

  • Power Generation & SupplyCustomer Supply & Group Services

    Non EU-ETS 2020 Target 37.9 MtCO2e (20% cut!)

    19.6 19.9 19.9

    15.7 16.4 9.6

    13.0 16.915.3

    0

    10

    20

    30

    40

    50

    60

    2005 2020 (Baseline) 2020 (With policymeansures)

    Agriculture Other Transport

    48.3 44.9

    53.3

    Source: EPA

    37.9

    7 Mt Gap at 20% cut; if required cut goes to 30% then gap rises to 11Mt

  • Power Generation & SupplyCustomer Supply & Group Services

    Responding to the Transport ChallengeElectric Vehicles

  • Power Generation & SupplyCustomer Supply & Group Services

    BEV

    Plug InHybrid

    Hybrid Car

    Fossil Fuel Car

    Available but limited range

    Currently available

    2010 +

    GridFossil Fuel

    -100%

    -60%

    30%

    0%

    Comparison of Electric Vehicles

  • Power Generation & SupplyCustomer Supply & Group Services

    The Evolution of Electric Transport

    Hybrid

    Plug-in Hybrid

    Battery electric (old Technology)

    Battery electric (New Technology)

    Electrification of transport seems inevitable(E.g. 20% hybridisation of U.S. market by 2015 - Deutsche Bank)

    Solutions developing for range extension (BEV) :Battery exchange modelFast Charging

    2008 2020

  • Power Generation & SupplyCustomer Supply & Group Services

    Battery Exchange / Fast Charging Battery Exchange

    Battery charged at home and /or at street / car park If long journey requires new charge, customer has battery replaced at

    Replacement Station I.T. solution allows driver to know status of battery, nearest charge

    points, battery replacement stations etc. Fast Charging

    Vehicle may have two charging connections Standard single phase or 3 phase for overnight charging / opportunity

    charging while parked during day 3 phase (or DC) for fast charging at specialised locations

    30 mins to 1 hour quick charge currently available Target by manufacturers is 5 to 10 mins but technical issues remain

  • Power Generation & SupplyCustomer Supply & Group Services

    Sustainable Transport ESB Initiatives

  • Power Generation & SupplyCustomer Supply & Group Services

    Sustainable Transport ESB Initiatives

    Bio Fuels Converting 100 ESB fleet

    vehicles to Bio fuels (B20, B30, B50, B100)

    Joint study with University of Limerick to identify issues and develop technical solutions (launched Sept 08)

    Follow-on project with UL on 2nd generation bio-fuels

    Visible branding and promotion

  • Power Generation & SupplyCustomer Supply & Group Services

    Sustainable Transport ESB Initiatives

    Electric vehicles for ESB Fleet First battery electric vans delivered;

    plug-in Hybrid vans on order Integrating with ESB fleet Visible branding and promotion as

    electric vehicles Electric cars for demonstration and

    promotion Full-size battery electric cars

    (people carriers) Offers to participate in European

    field trials of series-production battery electric cars

    Plan to acquire plug-in hybrids

  • Power Generation & SupplyCustomer Supply & Group Services

    ESB Project Work

    Ongoing visits to battery and car manufacturers Visits to other utilities / countries; e.g. EDF, EDP,

    Israel, Denmark, to understand their plans/models

    Studying load, emissions, and economic impacts of EVs on electricity generation

    Studying impact on electricity networks; including arrangements for charging infrastructure

    Working with inter-dept. / agency working group evaluating the incentives to support EV penetration Gov. target 10% by 2020

  • Power Generation & SupplyCustomer Supply & Group Services

    Load Impact of Electric Vehicles

    0

    2,000

    4,000

    6,000

    8,000

    10,000

    1 3 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 21 23

    M

    W

    Night / off-peak charging improves the utilisation of

    generation and network assets and facilitates Wind

  • Power Generation & SupplyCustomer Supply & Group Services

    ESB Project Work

    Ongoing visits to battery and car manufacturers Visits to other utilities / countries; e.g. EDF, EDP,

    Israel, Denmark, to understand their plans/models

    Studying load, emissions, and economic impacts of EVs on electricity generation

    Studying impact on electricity networks; including arrangements for charging infrastructure

    Working with inter-dept. / agency working group evaluating the incentives to support EV penetration Gov. target 10% by 2020

  • Power Generation & SupplyCustomer Supply & Group Services

    Enterprise Opportunities for Ireland

    Cells, Batteries & Capacitors Efficient Electric Motors Power Electronics Energy Efficient Auxiliaries Hybrid & PHEV Integration Systems Integration (Vehicle) Systems Integration (Networks) Charging equipment Energy Economics

  • Power Generation & SupplyCustomer Supply & Group Services

    Conclusions The penetration of EVs is critical to reducing Ireland's CO2

    emissions and dependence on oil. ESB is very supportive of the Government's 10% EV target and is

    committed to ensuring that it will do whatever it can to help meet this target.

    Strong government support will be needed to incentivise EVs Delivering an appropriate charging network will be key to EV

    penetration. It is also of critical importance that there is open access for all car manufacturers and electricity suppliers

    EVs will be able to avail of cheap electricity at night and have the potential to provide the electricity system with electricity during periods of peak demand.

    Standardisation is a key issue for the industry. Significant opportunities for Irish Enterprise and 3rd level institutions

    in EV Supply Chain

  • Power Generation & SupplyCustomer Supply & Group Services

    Thank You

    John Campion, Executive Director, Sustainability, ESB