Israeli palestina conflict progressive z perspective

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  • A History of theIsraeli-Palestinian Conflictfrom aProgressive Zionist PerspectiveBy Rabbi Maurice Harris
  • The Guiding Values of Progressive Zionism National liberation of the Jewish people / self-determination Freedom from anti-Semitism / existential security for Jews Manifesting the best of Jewish values, beliefs, and culture as a nation what Rabbi Kaplan called ethical nationhood Justice / Tzedek Peace / Shalom Democracy Human rights Respect for the equality of all the religions and peoples of the Middle East Balancing Jewish rights with the rights of the Palestinians & other non-Jewish stakeholders (Druze, Bedouin, Bahai, Christians, Samaritans, etc.)
  • The Guiding Values of Progressive Zionism Hillels ethic:
  • The Guiding Values ofProgressive Zionism Opposed to Cosmic War ideologies Jihadism Religious Messianic Zionism Christian Zionism (see Reza Aslans How to Win a Cosmic War)
  • Sub-topics: Your Interests1. The Occupation and its impacts2. Anti-Semitism in the Arab world, Anti-Arab/Islamic bigotry in Jewish & Christian worlds, & the dangers of Cosmic War3. The Shoah and its impacts4. Denial of the Others basic identity or claim by both sides5. Propaganda from both sides, & recognizing it6. Understanding Israeli feelings of vulnerability and risk7. Understanding Palestinian feelings of vulnerability and risk8. The One-state-solution Right Wing Jewish/Christian version9. The One-state-solution Palestinian justice version
  • JEWISH BEGINNINGS IN THELAND
  • 1200 years of Israelite / Jewish civilization Birthplace of the Hebrew Bible and much of the Christian scriptures Birthplace of rabbinic Judaism and of Christianity A civilization of reference for Islam Strategic hinge: meeting place of 3 continents Israelite independence always precarious
  • Bunting Map 1581, Magdeburg Jerusalem is the center
  • THE ROMAN EXILE & THERELATIONSHIP OF THEJEWISH PEOPLE TO THELAND DURING EXILE
  • ARAB AND ISLAMIC HISTORYIN THE LAND
  • Islamic empire 750 CE
  • CHRISTIAN AND WESTERNHISTORY IN THE LAND
  • First Crusade
  • THE ZIONIST MOVEMENT &THE RUN-UP TO THE BIRTHOF THE STATE OF ISRAEL
  • Some Context Pogroms Blood Libels Dhimmi status for Jews in Muslim lands Dreyfus Affair New Racial Anti-Semitism Enlightenment ideals: democracy, self- determination, nationalism Disregard for desires of Arabs living in Ottoman controlled Palestine
  • THE BRITISH MANDATEPERIOD A JEWISH VIEW
  • The Balfour Declaration "His Majestys Government view with favour the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, and will use their best endeavours to facilitate the achievement of this object, it being clearly understood that nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine, or the rights and political status enjoyed by Jews in any other country. - 1917
  • San Remo & the League of Nations Awarding to Great Britain of a Mandate for PalestineWhereas the Principal Allied Powers have agreed, for the purpose of giving effectto the provisions of Article 22 of the Covenant of the League of Nations, to entrustto a Mandatory selected by the said Powers the administration of the territory ofPalestine, which formerly belonged to the Turkish Empire, within such boundariesas may be fixed by them; andWhereas the Principal Allied Powers have also agreed that the Mandatory shouldbe responsible for putting into effect the declaration originally made on November2nd, 1917, by the Government of His Britannic Majesty, and adopted by the saidPowers, in favour of the establishment in Palestine of a national home forthe Jewish people, it being clearly understood that nothing should be donewhich might prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewishcommunities in Palestine, or the rights and political status enjoyed by Jews inany other country; and . . . (continued)
  • Whereas recognition hasthereby been given to thehistorical connexion of theJewish people withPalestine and to thegrounds for reconstitutingtheir national home in thatcountry;
  • British backtracking Jewish immigration restricted During W.W. II 1939 White Paper
  • Illegal Immigration(aliyah bet)
  • THE BRITISH MANDATEPERIOD AN ARAB VIEW
  • European Broken Promises Stirrings of Arab Nationalism and Desire for Independence
  • Colonialism w/o consultingthe native peoples
  • Perception of Zionists as Aiming to DispossessWe must expropriate gently theprivate property [and] spirit thepenniless population across theborder.-Theodore Herzls diary, 1895The Arabs will have to go.-Ben Gurion in letter to his son, 1937
  • Popular Arab protest ofBritish immigration policy reJews & British agreement toa Jewish homeland
  • THE WAR OF INDEPENDENCE AN ISRAELI PERSPECTIVE
  • Surroundedby enemyarmies withthe ability toretreat intotheir homecountries torefuel, rest,rearm,replenish.
  • Jews expelled in conquered areas, in a few cases massacred Gush Etzion Massacre May 13, 1948 (image is actually a burial of IDF troops who had been part of a convoy to G.E.)Jews expelled from Old City JerusalemSynagogues Destroyed
  • 1949 ArmisticeLines
  • THE NAKBA A PALESTINIAN PERSPECTIVE
  • Lydda Massive forced march Many deaths on the road
  • Deir Yassin & Al DawayimaMassacres carried outby Jewish forces.Rumors spread andIgnited furtherPalestinian exodus.
  • From a pro-Palestinian web site:The massacre in Deir Yassin was part ofan official Zionist strategy to frightenPalestinians out of their land and intoneighboring countries. Yosef Weitz,member of the Jewish Agencys TransferCommittee declared that betweenourselves it must be clear that there is noroom for both people together in thiscountry we shall not achieve our goalwith the Arabs in this small country. Theonly solution is a Palestine without theArabs and there is no other way than totransfer Arabs from here to the neighboringcountries, to transfer all of them, not onevillage not one tribe should be left.
  • So Whats the Truth about1948?
  • Standard pro-Palestinian Take (Pappe, Said & others) Deliberate and massive ethnic cleansing by Israel (Plan Dalet) Western colonial powers never consulted the actual inhabitants of Palestine and didnt respect their clear wishes re Jewish immigration & creation of Jewish state. Zionist militias used terrorism often and did some shocking and shameful things to civilians. UN law conditions Israels existence on the pre-existing Arab residents rights not being violated, including their absolute right of return. Israel morally and legally illegitimate
  • Standard pro-Palestinian take Israel was born in Original Sin. This sin is so great that justice demands transformation of Israel into a secular, binational state, combined with full right of return for all Palestinian refugees. Loss of Jewish collective sovereignty as a result is a reasonable outcome and not the problem of Palestinian Arabs who did not perpetrate the Holocaust and should not have been forced to give up their lands and homes to make room for a Jewish state. The occupation of Pa