International Issues Phil Kaminsky kaminsky@ieor. David Simchi-Levi Philip Kaminsky Edith...

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Transcript of International Issues Phil Kaminsky kaminsky@ieor. David Simchi-Levi Philip Kaminsky Edith...

  • Slide 1
  • International Issues Phil Kaminsky kaminsky@ieor.berkeley.edu David Simchi-Levi Philip Kaminsky Edith Simchi-Levi
  • Slide 2
  • McGraw-Hill/Irwin 2003 Simchi-Levi, Kaminsky, Simchi-Levi Wal-Mart in South America Why is Wal-Mart not as successful in Latin America as they are in the US? What mistakes did Wal-Mart make? If you were running Wal-Mart, what would you have done differently?
  • Slide 3
  • McGraw-Hill/Irwin 2003 Simchi-Levi, Kaminsky, Simchi-Levi Wal-Mart in South America Product differences Are there global products? Is this a trend? What is the balance between local tastes, global products? Dealing with established competition, aggressive competitors Developing market knowledge
  • Slide 4
  • McGraw-Hill/Irwin 2003 Simchi-Levi, Kaminsky, Simchi-Levi Wal-Mart in South America Lack of critical mass Different infrastructure/ business environment distribution problems different equipment standards cultural differences postdated checks Issues with foreign governments Deep pockets for success
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  • McGraw-Hill/Irwin 2003 Simchi-Levi, Kaminsky, Simchi-Levi Taxonomy of International Supply Chains What are some advantages, disadvantages of: International distribution International suppliers Off-shore manufacturing Fully integrated global supply chain
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  • McGraw-Hill/Irwin 2003 Simchi-Levi, Kaminsky, Simchi-Levi Increasing Globalization 1/5 of output of US firms produced abroad US Companies hold $500 Billion in foreign asset stocks (7% annual growth) 1/4 of US imports between foreign affiliates and US parent companies Over half of US companies increased the number of countries in which they operate (late 80s to early 90s)
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  • McGraw-Hill/Irwin 2003 Simchi-Levi, Kaminsky, Simchi-Levi Forces Driving Globalization Global Market Forces Technological Forces Global Cost Forces Political and Economic Forces
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  • McGraw-Hill/Irwin 2003 Simchi-Levi, Kaminsky, Simchi-Levi Global Market Forces Foreign competition in local markets Growth in foreign demand Domestic consumption from 40% to