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  • ORIGINAL ARTICLE

    Impact Factor : 0.2105 ISSN No : 2230-7850

    Monthly Multidisciplinary Research Journal

    Indian Streams

    Research Journal

    Executive Editor

    Ashok Yakkaldevi

    Editor-in-chief

    H.N.Jagtap

    Vol III Issue IV May 2013

  • Mohammad Hailat Dept. of Mathmatical Sciences, University of South Carolina Aiken, Aiken SC 29801

    Abdullah Sabbagh Engineering Studies, Sydney

    Catalina Neculai University of Coventry, UK

    Ecaterina Patrascu Spiru Haret University, Bucharest

    Loredana Bosca Spiru Haret University, Romania

    Fabricio Moraes de Almeida Federal University of Rondonia, Brazil

    George - Calin SERITAN Postdoctoral Researcher

    Hasan Baktir English Language and Literature Department, Kayseri

    Ghayoor Abbas Chotana Department of Chemistry, Lahore University of Management Sciences [ PK ] Anna Maria Constantinovici AL. I. Cuza University, Romania

    Horia Patrascu Spiru Haret University, Bucharest, Romania

    Ilie Pintea, Spiru Haret University, Romania

    Xiaohua Yang PhD, USA Nawab Ali Khan College of Business Administration

    Flávio de São Pedro Filho Federal University of Rondonia, Brazil

    Kamani Perera Regional Centre For Strategic Studies, Sri Lanka

    Janaki Sinnasamy Librarian, University of Malaya [ Malaysia ]

    Romona Mihaila Spiru Haret University, Romania

    Delia Serbescu Spiru Haret University, Bucharest, Romania

    Anurag Misra DBS College, Kanpur

    Titus Pop

    Pratap Vyamktrao Naikwade ASP College Devrukh,Ratnagiri,MS India

    R. R. Patil Head Geology Department Solapur University, Solapur

    Rama Bhosale Prin. and Jt. Director Higher Education, Panvel

    Salve R. N. Department of Sociology, Shivaji University, Kolhapur

    Govind P. Shinde Bharati Vidyapeeth School of Distance Education Center, Navi Mumbai

    Chakane Sanjay Dnyaneshwar Arts, Science & Commerce College, Indapur, Pune

    Awadhesh Kumar Shirotriya Secretary, Play India Play (Trust),Meerut

    Iresh Swami Ex - VC. Solapur University, Solapur

    N.S. Dhaygude Ex. Prin. Dayanand College, Solapur

    Narendra Kadu Jt. Director Higher Education, Pune

    K. M. Bhandarkar Praful Patel College of Education, Gondia

    Sonal Singh Vikram University, Ujjain

    G. P. Patankar S. D. M. Degree College, Honavar, Karnataka

    Maj. S. Bakhtiar Choudhary Director,Hyderabad AP India.

    S.Parvathi Devi Ph.D.-University of Allahabad

    Sonal Singh

    Rajendra Shendge Director, B.C.U.D. Solapur University, Solapur

    R. R. Yalikar Director Managment Institute, Solapur

    Umesh Rajderkar Head Humanities & Social Science YCMOU, Nashik

    S. R. Pandya Head Education Dept. Mumbai University, Mumbai

    Alka Darshan Shrivastava Shaskiya Snatkottar Mahavidyalaya, Dhar

    Rahul Shriram Sudke Devi Ahilya Vishwavidyalaya, Indore

    S.KANNAN Ph.D , Annamalai University,TN

    Satish Kumar Kalhotra

    Editorial Board

    International Advisory Board

    IMPACT FACTOR : 0.2105

    Welcome to ISRJ ISSN No.2230-7850

    Indian Streams Research Journal is a multidisciplinary research journal, published monthly in English, Hindi & Marathi Language. All research papers submitted to the journal will be double - blind peer reviewed referred by members of the editorial Board readers will include investigator in universities, research institutes government and industry with research interest in the general subjects.

    RNI MAHMUL/2011/38595

    Address:-Ashok Yakkaldevi 258/34, Raviwar Peth, Solapur - 413 005 Maharashtra, India Cell : 9595 359 435, Ph No: 02172372010 Email: ayisrj@yahoo.in Website: www.isrj.net

  • Title : Source:Indian Streams Research Journal [2230-7850] yr:2013 vol:3 iss:4

    CHANGING COURSE OF SUBARNAREKHA RIVER AND ITS SOCIETAL IMPACT-A CASE STUDY OF GOPIBALLAVPUR-I & II BLOCK USING GEOINFORMATICS MJATISANKAR BANDYOPADHYAY , KARTIC BERA AND KRISHNA DUBEY

    Volume 3, Issue. 4, May. 2013 Indian Streams Research Journal

    KEYWORDS:

    Remote Sensing & GIS, River course change, Sinuosity Index (SI), Meander, Braiding Index (BI), Non Braided River, etc.

    1. INTRODUCTION:

    Changing course of rivers is a natural phenomenon. Shifting of course by a river is an integral part of the alleviation process in a river valley that is responsible for the formation of vast plains on the earth surface. When a river leaves its existing course and takes a new course to maintain its flow it is termed as shifting or change of course. Changes in the course in the course of a river can be attributed to geologic, geomorphic, climatic and hydrologic factors or to human interference or combination of the two or more factors together as well (Debnath, 2007).

    2. STUDY AREA:

    The Study area is under two blocks namely Gopiballavpur– I and Gopiballavpur –II, contain 216 and 192 Mouza .Total Mouza number of the study area is 408. This 408 Mouja situated under 14 Gram

    Abstract:

    River is the natural flow of water from upland to plane land. The flow characteristics depend on the various factors of nature i.e. source of water, climatic condition, and topography, type of soil, geology, forest, land use / land cover and human activities. The present paper will focus on course change with societal perspective of Subarnarekha river in Gopiballavpur- I and II block. The study carried out on Geoinformatics and field observation environments. Remote Sensing and GIS analysis and Sinuosity index were used in this study to investigate river meandering and the associated processes of erosion of river bank and islands, deposition of sediments and formation of new island. The analysis shows that the Subarnarekha river is a meandering river. The analysis of Braiding index and result this index the Subarnarekha river are non braided river in the study area. The lateral erosion on the river banks led to a decrease in agricultural lands bordering the river banks and decrease in the areas of the river islands which in turn reduces the agricultural production. The study also suggests that the local people cause of river shifting and management the natural resources.

    ISSN:-2230-7850

    CHANGING COURSE OF SUBARNAREKHA RIVER AND ITS SOCIETAL IMPACT-A CASE STUDY OF

    GOPIBALLAVPUR-I & II BLOCK USING GEOINFORMATICS

    JATISANKAR BANDYOPADHYAY , KARTIC BERA AND KRISHNA DUBEY

    Assistant Professor, Department of Remote Sensing & GIS, Vidyasagar University, Paschim Medinipur, Midnapore

    Senior Research Scholar, Department of Remote Sensing & GIS, Vidyasagar University, Paschim Medinipur, Midnapore

    Krishna Dubey, M.Sc final semester, Department of Remote Sensing & GIS, Vidyasagar University, Paschim Medinipur, Midnapore

    Available online at www.isrj.net DOI : 10.9780/2230-7850/342013/2435

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE

    http://www.crossref.org/

  • Panchayet, under District-Paschim Medinipur, West Bengal. Geographical area of Gopiballavpur - I block is 275.83 sq. km and Gopiballavpur – II block 201.77 sq. km. The study area Geographically situated within 22°13'N to 220 22' N latitude, 86° 43´E? to 86°59'E longitude (SOI toposheet no – 73 J/16, 73 N/4,73 N/3, 73 J/12, 73 J/15). The study area is surrounded by different states. The south portion of the study area is surrounded by Orissa and the North-West portion is covered by Jharkhand. The remaining portion of the study area is surrounded by the different Blocks (Nayagram, Sankrial, Jhargram,

    and Jamboni) of Paschim Medinipur District.

    2.1 GEOLOGY:

    Gopiballavpur -I and II block is underlain by different geological formations ranging from hard consolidated rocks of Cenozoic age to unconsolidated alluvium of recent age. The hard consolidated rocks are Phyllites, Quartzites etc. The Phyllites and Quartzites rocks are highly deformed with foliation trending NE – SW.

    CHANGING COURSE OF SUBARNAREKHA RIVER AND ITS SOCIETAL.........

    2Indian Streams Research Journal • Volume 3 Issue 4 • May 2013

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyclonic

  • The oldest Quaternary deposits exposed in the area comprise Lalgarh formation of Early Pleistocene age consisting of fragments of quartz, Phyllis, granite pebbles and gravels occasinally lateritised.The Quaternary sediments in the area are mostly of fluviatile origin and have been deposited by the Subarnarekha rivers. The Sijua formation constitutes the sediments of older alluvium, comprising hard clay and silt, impregnated with caliche concretions. The overlaying sediments of Panskura formation constitute older flood plain deposits, consisting of sand, silt and clay of different flood regimes. The present day flood plain deposits are composed of sand and silts of different layers. The low lying areas, adjacent to Subarnarekha rivers are invariably flooded and water logged particularly during monsoon season.

    2.2 TOPOGRAPHY: The area has a very gentle slope from west to east. The highest value of the study area is 36 meter. Western part of the study area show steep slope. The rest of the study area is almost gentle slope. The topography is not likely to change as the mined material shall get replenished every year during monsoon.

    2.3 SOIL: The soils of Gopiballavpur -I and II block in mainly divisible in three groups, the Red gravelly soil, older alluvial soil and lateri