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Transcript of Index [link. ] 978-1-349-05700-9/1.pdf  Index Abbushifamily, 118, 142 ... Yusuf 'Abbas, 240...

Index

Abbushifamily, 118, 142 Abbushi, Haj Muhammad Sayyid,

101 Abd al-Hadi family, 23,104, 138,

142, 171 n.71, 182; landed property, 175 n.159

Abd al-Hadi, Awni Bey, 104, 190, 196

Abd al-Hadi, Mahmud, Nablus palace, 48-9

Abd al-Hadi, Nazmi Bey, 104, 130, 174 n.156; quoted by Firestone, 102, 119, 133, 136, 171 n.71

Abd al-Qadir, 48 Abd al-Rahman, Haj Ibrahim, 104 Abd al-Rahman, Effendi Nabulsi,

174n.138 Abd al-Rahman, Effendi Tamini,

174n.138 Abdullah, King of Jordan, 205, 207 Abu Dis, 229 n.6 Abu Diyyak, 152 Abu Ghosh clan, 182 Abu Hantash family, 142 Abu Kishk, 214 Abu Nabbut, 39 Abu Shahan, 54 Abu Shusha, 25, 26 Acre, 24, 26, 41, 49, 109, 189; port

facilities, 11, 13, 19-20,46, 55; economic, 13-15, 18-20,27,43-7, 55, 60, 65; industry, 14-15,46, 135; population, 23, 27,43-5, 57; Egyptian occupation, 43; Ottoman

garrison, 45, 46; tax-farming, 46-7; Acre to Damascus railway, 25

'Affula, 112;- to Nablus railway, 111 'Affula-Mas'udiya railway, 112 Agricultural Mortgage Company, 99 agriculture, agricultural production,

2, 11, 91; marketing the surplus, 12-13, 19; north and south Palestine diversification, 16, 59; capitalist penetration, 22, 55-6, 99, 157; implements, 55, 87 n.220, 129-30; taxation under the Mandate, 95-6; price fluctuations, 96, 97, 101, 133; 1930 crisis, 97, 98; village credit co-operatives, 99, 101, 198; need for stable peasantry, 99-100; socio/economic causes of increased demand, 104-5, 114, 131, 166; unit of production, 126; costs of, 126-36, 161; plantation, 144, 145; crop production, 1927-42, 166; and class solidarity, 177; spread of cash-crops, 188; see also land tenancy agreements and peasantry

agriculture, subsistence, 113-14, 117-19; joint farming, 118-19; and surplus labour (the 'family farm'), 121-3,124,126,132-4, 135;role of the clan (hamula), 124,142,175 n.159; concept of subsistence, 135

agricultural products, 112, 130, 138; citrus fruits, 2, 6, 13, 16, 91, 103, 104,130,144,145,150, 198,215;

243

244 Index

grrun,13,14,15,16,17,18,19,33, 53, 106, 130, 132; olives (oil), 10, 13,16,17,33,38, 106,130-1,135, 139-40,163, 198;sesame, 10, 13, 14,15, 16,17,33,38,97, 106,132, 140

Alavi, H., 177 Aleppo, 31 Alexandria, 20,31 Algeria, share-cropping, 122;

Algerians in Palestine, 38 Allush, Naji, on composition of al-

Istiqlal, 196; urban notables, 197 Al-Am'ari, Muhammad Adib, and

Arab land-holdings, 231 n.3 America, 20, 40 American Civil War, 14, 15, 50 American point IV Plan, 228, 241

n.89 'Amman, 8, 219,231 nn.1, 15,235

n.29; economic development, 207-8; Jordanian policy, 209, 210, 225; influx of refugees and migrants, 225, 226

'Amru, Yusuf 'Abbas, 240 n.83 Arab Agricultural Bank, 101, 102 Arab Higher Command, union of

factional elements, 178, 192, 194, 195,196

Aralr-Israeli War, 1948,179, 180, 203,204,205,209,211,212,213, 214; behaviour of refugees, 212; Warof1967,1,229

Arab League, 225 Arab Palestinian Party, Hussruni

faction, 192, 194 Arab Revolt, 1936-9, 5, 113, 145,

151,154,192,195 Arabia, 20, 40; Arabic language, 187 Arafat, Taufiq Effendi Ahmad, 174

n.138 al-Arif, Arif, 30, 32, 33 'Ariqat, Kamil, 240 n.84 Armenians in Palestine, 28 'Arraba, 23,107, 111,171 n.71; Abd

al-Hadis, 175 n.159 Artas, wedding disturbance, 18~ al-Asali, Musa, 32 al-Asali, Sulaiman, 32, 80 n.86

Ashkenazim, 30-1 Asia Minor, 13, 17, 19, 20 'Askar, refugee camp, 214 Athlit Salt Company, 97 Atlit quarries, 149 Austria, 17, 20, 21, 46; wages, 29,

68; shipping, 46; Jews from, 48; Austrian Consul, 11, 35-6; Austrians in Palestine, 37

Avicrino, vice-Consul, 46, 85 n.165 Azraq, 214

Badran, N.A., 102 Baghdad, 31 bakshish, and land registration, 26 baladis, 17 Balata, refugee camp, 214, 235 n.29,

237 n.58 Baldensperger diary, 32 Balfour Declaration (and a Jewish

national home), and the British Mandate, 4-5, 92

Balkans, 20,48 Balqa', sanjak, 189 Banu Zeid, Barghutilfellaheen

conflict, 184, 200 n.21 Barclay's Bank, loans by, 99, 101 Barghuti clan, conflict with

fellaheen, 184, 200 n.21 Barghuti, Dr Abd al-Latif, 200 n.21 Basala (Austrian Consular Agent),54 Ba'thists, 179,240 n.84 Battir, 217,231 n.6, 235 n.31, 240-1

n.87 Bedouin, 15, 52, 214; economic, 17,

19; industry, 53, 54; incursions by, 17, 108,213,216,224;the quabilah, 214; West Bank refugees,213,214;ofHauran, 19; of Negev, 53,237 n.59; Qur'an Bedouin, 214-15; Taomira, 39; of Bani Sakhr, 236 n.47; of Sinai, 53; smuggling operations, 213, 216, 222,236 n.47

Begin, Menarchim, and non-Jewish citizens, 179

Beirut, 2, 19, 31, 33; economic, 24, 36, 46; Templars, 44; domination of Acre, 46-7; missions, 187

Index 245

Beit Aula, refugee camp, 213, 223--4 Beit Jala, 210, 217, 227, 240 n.81;

agriculture, 29, 32, 52, 80 n.86; Qaisi faction, 182

Beit Qad, 103 Beit Safafa, 217,231 n.6 Beit Sahur, 227 Beitunya, Yemeni/Muslim village,

182 Bekaa Valley, 90 Belgium, 139 Ben Arieh, statistical tables, 26, 57,

110, 171 n. 76 Benachnhou, M.A., share-cropping

(khammes) in Algeria, 122 Beni Zeid, Baraghtehlfel/aheen

conflict, 184 Bergheim, Melville, 25, 83 Bergheim, Peter, murder of, 26 Bergheim family, 25-6 Bethlehem, 31, 39, 205,210, 229 n.6;

devotional articles, 33, 40, 55; industry, 10, 40; occupational structure, 29, 39, 40, 55, 72; urban development, 26, 39-40; Lahham clan, 182

Bili, Bedouin tribe, 214, 238 n.62 Bohemia, glassware from, 50, 51 bourgeoisie, acquisition of land, 23,

56, 197; in Acre, 46; amorphous character, 196-7; hegemonic class of urban notables, 197; regional dichotomy, 198--9; link with landed class, 199; Arab, 199

Britain, 13, 14, 20, 21, 89, 93; British Consul, 11, 15, 17-18, 19, 20, 32, 38; British Mandate, 2, 90, 92, 93, 94, 95, 116, 203, 204; British in Palestine, 1917 invasion, 1; socio/ economic analysis, 3, 92ff; 144, 155; colonial features, 4, 92-3, 98, 105,144,180,185,191,192,194, 196, 197; capitalist sector, 92, 105; army of occupation, 1917-18, 92, 108, 153--4; 'open door' trading relations, 93; expenditure on public services and welfare, 94, 167; monetary system, 94--5; taxation, 95-7, 98; customs duties,

tariffs,96-8; policy towards Arab agriculturalists, 97, 98, 99, 100; economic status of land, 103--4, 114; Arab landowners, 154

Bukovina, Jews from, 48 al-Burj, mukhtar of, 232 n.7; war

losses, 240 n.85 Bustani Brothers, 187 Bustros, Habib, 24

Caboga, Count (Austrian Consul in Jerusalem), 36

capitalism, capitalists; Jewish/ Arab (capitalist/pre-capitalist) interaction, 4, 6, 7; and rural change, 6; and religious penetration of Palestine, 11; and profit from trade, 18; and agricultural production, 22; penetration into land tenure, 23, 56, 118, 119--21; incorporation of rural credit, 102; integration into, 105-6, 154; Palestine terrain, 197-9

Chatham House Survey, 1953, frontier villages, 205

Chesney, GeneralF.R., 37 Chevallier, Dominique, the money-

lender and rural economy, 103 China, 97 Christ Church, Jerusalem, 28, 29 Christians in Palestine, 3, 10, 110,

182; demographic, 23, 24, 42, 43, 52, 84 n.136, 187; holy places,26, 27-8,32, 40--1; occupational structure, 30, 54; location, 42, 43, 52, 84 n.136; cultural identity, 185; millet system, 187

Circassians in Palestine, 48, 86 n.176, 179

clan affiliation, 181, 214; Qaisi and Yemeni factions, 181-2, 184; and patronage, 181, 183, 184, 193

clan alliances and organisations, 187; Jerusalem based/Nablus based factionalism, 190, 192; socially based power, 190, 191

class formation, inhibiting factors, 174, 179; and factionalism, 193-9;

246 Index

politics of, 193, 194, 197; solidarity, 193-4

Cohen, A., peasant indebtedness, 108

colonialism, Jewish, 179; see also under British in Palestine

colonisation, European, 3, 4, 7, 11, 27; Jewish colonists, 23, 179; source of future conflict, 26, 56; and Jerusalem, 27; role of Templars, 43-5

Commutation of Tithes, 1927 Ordnance, 96, 157

Comptoir d'Escompte, 38 Conder, C.R., 23, 24--5; on Acre, 45 confessionalism, and secular

nationalism, 185-92, 193 cost of living, Jerusalem, 1858, 1880,

18; consumer prices, 66; peasant families, 134, 136; index, 136, 144

cotton-growing, 13, 38, 55; influences on production and export, 14--16, 60, 61; boom years, 14, 18, 19,50;tradein manufactured goods, 31, 49; Egyptian involvement, 91

Cotton Supply Association of Manchester, 15

Crimean War, and Palestine economy,11,14,15,17,21,27, 33, 51, 55; building booms, 28-9, 41,55

currency, Palestine pound, 4, 94--5 customs duties, 96-8; lifted on olive

oil and sesame seeds, 97, 140; per centofgovernmentrevenue,136; regressive character, 136-7

Cyprus, 20

Dahaysha refugee camp, 217,231 n.6, 239 n.74

al-Dabbag, Mustafa Murad, 50; Biladuna Filastin, 12

Damascus, 25, 31, 33, 49, 56, 111; cotton-growing, 14; missions, 187, 189

Dambmann, G., use of camels, 112 Damiya Bridge, 214 Das Heilige Land, 38

Dead Sea, 32; 'Stone of Moses' (hajar musa), 40; mineral resources, 31, 55, 207

Deraa, Hijaz railway, 111 De Sauley, President Comite

Fondateur, Jaffa harbour project, 35

Dufferin, Lord, Jaffa-Jerusalem Railway company, 37

Dura, 240 n.82; loss of politico/ economic status, 211; khirbas, 211, 234 n. 21, 234-5 n.26

Duzdar, Ishaq, in Qalandya camp, 233 n.11

East Bank, 156, 214, 222, 232 n.10, 237 n.59; Transjordanians, 206; relations with West Bank, 206, 207,208