History Homework Booklet - Chesterton Community College History Homework Booklet Year 10 Autumn Term

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Transcript of History Homework Booklet - Chesterton Community College History Homework Booklet Year 10 Autumn Term

  • History Homework Booklet

    Year 10 Autumn Term 1

    Migration to Britain: 1000-1688

  • Homework advice

    • You will receive a new homework booklet each half term • Each week, you will be asked to complete one or two of the following

    homework tasks – usually, each task will follow on from what you did in lesson.

    • You should spend about an hour on your homework every week (this will vary slightly depending on the tasks!)

    • If you are stuck on anything, your teacher will be happy to help. Make sure you get going with the tasks as soon as you can, leaving plenty of time to ask for help at school before the deadline

    • You should write answers in the booklet, so that you have a completed booklet to revise from for assessments

  • Week 1

  • Task 1- Introduction lesson

    1. Over the summer, you created a timeline of when different migrant groups have come to Britain. Try to recreate that timeline without looking at the work you produced over the summer!

    2. Check your timeline against your summer work. How many groups did you correctly place?

    3. Correct your timeline in a different colour!

    Groups to include:

    • Jews in the middle ages, 1656, and 1930s

    • Africans in 16th century

    • East India Company & immigration from countries in Britain’s empire

    • Irish & Scottish immigrants- industrial revolution

    • ‘Commonwealth’ migration after WWII

    • Immigrants from the EU

    Use a pencil and ruler for

    timeline and dates – annotate in black pen!

  • Timeline of Immigration to Britain since 1000

  • Lesson 2 homework: What happened in 1066?

    Read the information on the next pages and use it to create a flow diagram of the events mentioned. Your flow chart should have between 7-10 events & each event should have at least one sentence of description.

    1) 2) 3)

  • Key people:

    Edward the Confessor, King of England.

    William, Duke of Normandy (in modern-day France)

    Harold Godwinson, a powerful Earl of Wessex, right-hand man to the King

    In the mid-eleventh century, the Duke of Normandy was William the Bastard. When he came to the position he was young, so the Norman nobles used his minority to divide up his lands, and his neighbors invaded. Until the 1060s, he spent his time putting Normandy back together under his control. By this time he had succeeded, and was ready to increase his power. He was also Edward the Confessor’s cousin and in the 1050s he visited his cousin in England, claiming shortly afterward that Edward had promised him succession to the throne.

    In 1064, Harold Godwinson was shipwrecked on the Norman coast and was captured by one of William's Lords. According to Norman sources, he then promised William the English crown as a price for freedom. When Edward died in 1066, the Witan elected Harold, who remembered no such promise.

    Thus, in 1066, there were two claimants to the English crown aside from Harold Godwinson: 1) William, who claimed that Edward the Confessor had appointed him successor in his will, and that Harold had broken a similar oath to him. He sent messengers to the Pope with such accusations, receiving a banner and support. The Pope had long wanted to unify the Church and William had cooperated in Normandy. Extension of cooperation to England could only help the Papacy, as the king firmly controlled the church there.

  • 2) The Viking Harold Hardrada had been invited as a claimant by one of Godwinson's jealous brothers. William was the first to act against Harold Godwinson. He acquired a large army of infantry and mounted knights by issuing a general call for Norman and other French adventurers. Harold in turn called up the well-disciplined Anglo-Saxon army and waited on the Isle of White. The high- pressure system worked against William's crossing, yet aided Harold Hardrada, who landed in Scotland, defeating the Northumbrians. Godwinson then turned north, heading for York, taking his best forces. On September 25 at Stamford Bridge, he crushed the Danish Vikings, giving England its greatest victory ever.

    Meanwhile, the weather had turned, permitting William to land on the south coast of Sussex on September 27. Godwinson heard of this, and returned south, not waiting for other earls to join him, and not yet able to make good the exhaustion of his own forces. On 14 October 1066 William and Harold's forces met at Hastings. The Norman cavalry and Archers needed to break through the Anglo-Saxon heavy infantry's shield wall. This took the entire day and Harold's men almost held, yet fatigue set in, and the wall eventually broke. Harold Godwinson died and by Christmas 1066, William was crowned king in London

  • Resistance persisted, however, from 1067 to 1069, in the form of small rebellions among the Anglo-Saxons. In 1069 the Danish Viking Swen Estrithson sent a fleet to York that allied with the rebels and began a more serious revolt, occupying the region. William's response was merciless. Taking on the unusual winter campaign, he marched north, with Norman forces burning all peasant villages and crops, creating an artificial famine. Thousands died, and the peasants fled. As Norman forces moved through each region, William built castles near the urban centres to monitor and reign in the population.

  • Week 2

  • Task 3 - How did William control England?

    Read the information attached and answer these questions in full sentences in your book:

    1) What happened during the ‘Harrying of the North’? 2) Where was Hereward’s rebellion and how did the Normans stop it? 3) What was the murdrum?

    4) What does all this resistance suggest about Anglo-Saxon acceptance of Norman rule?

    5) Why did all the rebellions ultimately fail?

  • Resistance to Norman rule continued in England, Scotland and Wales for many years. Some of the English nobles joined an unsuccessful invasion of England led by King Sweyn of Denmark in 1069. Others fled to Scotland. King William was forced to crush resistance up and down the country, and he laid waste to much of northern England in order to end the constant rebellions. His soldiers even put salt in the soil of the north to stop crops growing. People died of starvation: this was known as the Harrying of the North.

    Nevertheless, resistance continued from the Silvatici or ‘green men’ – the anti- Norman resistance fighters of the forests. The most famous rebel is probably Hereward, the English landholder who rose up against the Normans in East Anglia. When the Normans fought back he then withdrew to the Isle of Ely until the monks in Ely betrayed him and told the Normans how to get across the water.

  • It became so dangerous for the Normans that they reintroduced murdrum which was a special law dating from the time of the Vikings (the English word murder is derived from it.) If a Norman was assassinated, a collective fine was imposed on all those living in the area unless the murderer was caught within five days.

    In view of the strength and length of the English resistance to the Norman Conquest, why did it fail? A vital element was King William's determination and immense energy that saw him going from one end of the country to the other, fighting the flames of resistance and stamping on the smoldering embers of resentment. Another important element was that, once an area had been secured, castles were raised to keep the locals in check. But the key element was that the viable leadership of any English resistance was effectively neutralised when King Harold was killed at the Battle of Hastings. There was no king, and therefore no leadership or heart in the remaining English. Without real leadership, no English army could take the field. That gave William time to recover, take London and Winchester and force the Witan to accept his rule. But it did take until 1075 until William felt confident in his control of England.

    Slowly the English and Normans came together through the necessity of living side by side and also through marriage. With many of the rank and file Normans, and their French colleagues, being men of small worth, they had little option, but to mix in with their English neighbours.

  • Task 4: What has been the experience of Jewish migrants up to 2010?

    • Look back over the overview timelines You have filled in today. Take two colours/highlighters and highlight when the Jewish experience was positive and when the experience was negative.

    • Use your timelines to answer the following questions: 1. At which points did the Jewish Community appear to face the most

    persecution?

    2. What examples are there of Jewish migrants having a positive experience?

    3. What do you think are the main reasons why the Jewish community have had such a varied experience?

  • Week 3

  • Task 5: What brought Jewish migrants to England in 1066 and why were they expelled in 1290?

    Can you write a one sentence summary for these three things in your book (without peeking at your notes from today?) When you have had a go, look back at your notes and make any corrections in a different colour.

    1190 York massacre –

    1285 Statute of Jewry –

    1290 Edict of Expulsion -

  • PEEL paragraph challenge

    In your exam, you will be expected to answer 24 mark questions wh