Grief, Bereavement, and Coping With Loss Types of Grief Reactions. Many authors have proposed types

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Transcript of Grief, Bereavement, and Coping With Loss Types of Grief Reactions. Many authors have proposed types

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    Grief, Bereavement, and Coping With Loss (PDQ®)

    Last Modified: 08/31/2010

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    Table of Contents Overview Definitions of Terms

    Grief Bereavement Mourning

    Types of Grief Reactions Anticipatory Grief Normal or Common Grief Stage Models of Normal Grief Patterns of Complicated Grief Prolonged or Complicated Grief as a Mental Disorder

    Risk Factors for Complicated Grief and Other Negative Bereavement Outcomes Situational: Expected or Unexpected Death Personal: Personality Characteristics Personal: Religious Beliefs Personal: Gender Personal: Age Interpersonal Context: Social Support

    Treatment Normal or Common Grief Reactions Psychosocial Treatment of Complicated Grief Pharmacologic Treatment of Bereavement-related Depression

    Children and Grief Grief and Developmental Stages Infants Ages 2 to 3 years Ages 3 to 6 years Ages 6 to 9 years Ages 9 years and older Issues for grieving children Interventions for Grieving Children Explanation of death Correct language Planning rituals References and resources for grieving children

    Cross-cultural Responses to Grief and Mourning Current Clinical Trials Get More Information From NCI Changes to This Summary (08/31/2010) Questions or Comments About This Summary More Information About This PDQ Summary

    Overview Health care providers will encounter bereaved individuals throughout their personal and professional lives.[1] The progression from the final stages of cancer to the death of a loved one is experienced in different ways by different individuals. Every person is unique, and thus there will be many individual differences in grief experiences. Most people will experience common or normal grief and will cope well; others will experience more severe grief reactions such as prolonged or complicated grief and will benefit from treatment. Some may even find that the cancer experience, although it is difficult and trying, may lead to significant personal growth.

    http://www.cancer.gov/ bereavement, mourning, and grief

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  • Coping with death is usually not an easy process and cannot be dealt with in a cookbook fashion. The way in which a person will grieve depends on the personality of the grieving individual and his or her relationship with the person who died. The cancer experience; the manner of disease progression; one’s cultural and religious beliefs, coping skills, and psychiatric history; the availability of support systems; and one’s socioeconomic status all affect how a person will cope with the loss of a loved one via cancer.

    This summary first defin