Garden Harvesting/Winterizing

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Transcript of Garden Harvesting/Winterizing

  • 1. HARVESTING, WINTERIZING Esther Taylor Master Gardener Weston County Extension Service

2. VEGETABLE HARVESTING

  • Light freeze 28-32 F
  • Moderate freeze 24-28F
  • Severe freeze below 24F
  • Ideal storage often not available around average home

3. COLD, MOIST STORAGE

  • 32-40 F, 90-95% Humidity
  • Root crops
    • Improve humidity by storing in moist sand or vermiculite
    • Beets 1 to 1 stmod freeze, storage 2-4 months
    • Carrots 3 to 1 stmod freeze, storage 2-4 months
    • Horse radish after several severe freezes
    • Parsnips after several mod freezes
    • Potatoes after tops died, cure for week in shade, storage 2-4 months

4. COLD, MOIST STORAGE (cont.)

  • Root crops (cont.)
    • Radish -1, storage 1 month
    • Turnips 1 to several light freezes
  • Cole (cabbage) crops
    • Broccoli when florets are tight & green, storage 1 week
    • Brussel sprouts when firm, storage 3 weeks
    • Cabbage when solid, storage 2 months
    • Cauliflower tie up outer leaves when curds 1-2, ready in 2 more weeks, storage 2 weeks

5. COLD, MOIST STORAGE (cont.)

  • Cole (cabbage) crops (cont.)
    • Chinese cabbage after 1 stmod frost, storage 2 months
    • Kohlrabi when swollen stems 2-3 dia, storage 2-4 weeks
  • Greens
    • Chard continuous until 1 stmod freeze, storage 2 weeks
    • Collard, kale, mustard, spinach when suitable size, storage 2 weeks

6. COLD, MOIST STORAGE (cont.)

  • Salads
    • Endive storage 3 weeks
    • Lettuce anytime before going to seed, storage 2 weeks
    • Parley will over winter in protected place or cool sunny room, storage 1 week
  • Legumes
    • Lima beans when pods are filled, storage 1 week
    • Peas when pods are filled, storage 1 week

7. COLD, MOIST STORAGE (cont.)

  • Other vegetables
    • Asparagus before top ferns out, storage 1 week
    • Green onions when sufficient size, storage 2 weeks
    • Rhubarb when stalks -1 dia, storage 3 wks
    • Sweet corn kernels plump & tender, storage 5 days

8. COOL, MOIST STORAGE

  • 45-50 F, 80-90% humidity
  • Vine crops
    • Cantaloupe when stems slip easily from fruit, storage 10 days
    • Summer squash when young & tender, storage 1 week
    • Cucumber before seeds size, storage 1 wk
    • Watermelon underside turns whitish to yellowish, storage 2-3 wks

9. COOL, MOIST STORAGE (cont.)

  • Other vegetables
    • Eggplant when fruit nearly full grown but color still bright, storage 1 wk in warmest part of frig
    • Green beans seeds grown, storage 1 wk in warmest part of frig
    • Okra pods 2-3 long, storage 1 wk in warmest part of frig
    • Sweet peppers fruits firm, full or color develops, 2-3 wks in warmest part of frig

10. COOL, DRY STORAGE

  • 32-55 F, 50-60% humidity
  • Dry onions when tops have fallen over and neck shriveled, cure in open 3-4 weeks
  • Hot peppers pull late in season, hang to dry

11. WARM, DRY STORAGE

  • 55-60 F, 60-70% humidity
  • Pumpkins when skin is hard & color darkens before frost
  • Winter squash same as pumpkin

12. WARM, MOIST STORAGE

  • 55-60 F, 80-85% humidity
  • Sweet potatoes before frost, cure 1 wk @ 80-85
  • Tomatoes before frost, storage of ripe 1 wk, green 3-5 wks

13. STORAGE

  • LONG TERM
    • Canning
    • Freezing
    • Dehydration
  • COOL OR WARM STORAGE TEMPORARY
    • Two refrigerators
      • Cold - 32-40
      • Cool - 45-50

14. STORAGE (cont.)

  • UNHEATED BASEMENT
    • 60-65
    • Improve by building cellar room in corner with window

15. 16. STORAGE (cont.)

  • OUTDOOR PIT
    • Used for roots
    • Unlined
      • Pile roots on layer of straw
      • Cover w/ more straw held by soil layer
    • Lined
      • Semi-horizontal barrel
      • Cover w/ 1-3 of straw held by soil

17. 18. STORAGE (cont.)

  • STORAGE MOUND
    • Short period
    • Where ground is wet
    • Pile mixed vegetables on straw
    • Cover w/ straw held by soil
  • REMOVE ALL DAMAGED OR ROTTED FRUITS OR VEGETABLES BEFORE STORAGE

19. 20. WINTERIZATION

  • REMOVE LEAVES, VINES, STALKS, ETC
    • Provide winter home for insects & diseases
  • ADD LAYER OF COMPOST OR ORGANIC MATTER
  • TILL