Gaining Buddhahood Through Amitabha-Recitation

of 48

  • date post

    07-Jul-2018
  • Category

    Documents

  • view

    215
  • download

    0

Embed Size (px)

Transcript of Gaining Buddhahood Through Amitabha-Recitation

  • 8/18/2019 Gaining Buddhahood Through Amitabha-Recitation

    1/48

  • 8/18/2019 Gaining Buddhahood Through Amitabha-Recitation

    2/48

    2

    Contents

    MAIN SECTION

    1. The Goal of Dharma-Learning Is to Gain Buddhahood 3

    2. Amitabha’s Fundamental Vo Is the Basi! Intent of All Buddhas 4

    ". Amitabha’s Fundamental Vo Is A!!laimed b# All Buddhas 7

    $. Faith in Amitabha’s Fundamental Vo Is %n!ouraged b# All Buddhas 8

    &. Amitabha’s Fundamental Vo Is '(e!iall# )reser*ed b# All Buddhas 10

    +. The Three 'utras Illuminate ,nl# % !lusi*e e!itation 14

    /. 0an usri esol*es to Be eborn in the Land of Bliss 16

    . 'amantabhadra Vo s to Gain ebirth in the Land of Bliss 17

    3. A*alo4ites*ara %n!ourages 5uiri to Be eborn in the Land of Bliss 18

    16. 0an usri and 'amantabhadra 7rge Fa8hao to 'ee4 ebirth in the Land of Bliss 22

    11. 'ha4#amuni and the ,ther Buddhas Ad*ise 7s to Loo4 to the 9estern )ure Land 40

    12. Amitabha- e!itation Is the Beginning and the %nd of All Dharma )ra!ti!es 41

    1". Amitabha- e!itation Is the )rofound Tea!hing of the Avatamsaka Sutra and the 'e!ret %ssen!e of the Lotus Sutra 43

    1$. Amitabha- e!itation 'ums 7( 'ha4#amuni Buddha’s 'a!red Tea!hings 45

    !ESTIONS AN" ANS#E$S 46

  • 8/18/2019 Gaining Buddhahood Through Amitabha-Recitation

    3/48

    3

    MAIN SECTION

    1. The Goal of Dharma-Learning Is to Gain Buddhahood

    “Gaining Buddhahood through Amitabha recitation is the teaching o! the

    Buddhas"# $hat is to say% “reciting the name o! Amitabha Buddha# and thereby

    “gaining Buddhahood# is the goal o! Buddhism" &! 'e recite but do not become a Buddha% that is not the (ur(ose o! Buddhist teaching"

    $o learn the )harma% 'e must !irst ta*e re!uge in the $hree Gems" But ta*ing re!uge is not the goal but the !irst ste(% the !oundation" $he ultimate end o! ta*ing

    re!uge is to attain Buddhahood" &! not% it isn+t true learning o! the )harma or the ta*ing o! re!uge" ,o it is 'ith Amitabha recitation" &! the !inal (ur(ose isn+t to

    become a Buddha% the (ractice is not real Amitabha recitation"

    $here are !our methods o! “ nian!o" -in.ocation or recollection o! a Buddha/"

    $hey are in.ocation at the le.el o! absolute reality% meditati.e in.ocation% in.ocation by .isuali0ation and oral in.ocation o! the Buddha+s name" $he nian!o 'e s(ea* o! is

    not the !irst three *inds% but the !ourth recitation o! the name" ! the !our .arieties%

    “name recitation# is the sim(lest% most direct and most 'ides(read" &t can be

    (racticed in any era% any'here and by anyone" &t is also the most sublime% sur(assing and reliable !orm" ,o 'hat 'e re!er to here is name recitation alone"

    As !or “Buddha%# there is ,ha*yamuni Buddha% Amitabha Buddha%

    Bhaisa yaguru -4edicine/ Buddha% A*sobhya Buddha" $here are Buddhas o! the (ast

    and !uture% the 1%555 Buddhas and the 15%555 Buddhas 6 7hich Buddha+s name do

    'e recite8 9ot those o! the (ast and !uture Buddhas% and not those o! the 1%555 and

    15%555 Buddhas" 7e recite only #$amo Amitabha %u&&ha'"

    Ha.ing attained Buddhahood ten (a)*as ago% Amitabha is the Buddha o! &n!inite Li!e" ,o Amitabha is a Buddha o! the (resent% as 'ell as a Buddha o! the !uture 'ho 'ill !ore.er e:ist" And 'hat 'e s(ea* o! here is oral recitation o! the si:

    character 9ame o! a 4yriad ;irtues% $amo Amitabha %u&&ha " &n other 'ords% 'e can achie.e Buddhahood by reciting $amo Amitabha %u&&ha "

    “Gaining Buddhahood through Amitabha recitation is the teaching o! the Buddhas# means that so long as they recite $amo Amitabha %u&&ha, (eo(le can

    gain Buddhahood% 'hether they li.e in the Age o! Correct )harma% the Age o!

  • 8/18/2019 Gaining Buddhahood Through Amitabha-Recitation

    4/48

    <

    ,emblance )harma% the Age o! )harma )ecline% or e.en the Age o! )harma

    E:tinction" 4oreo.er% the accom(lishment is assured in their (resent li!etime"

    2. Amitabha’s Fundamental Vo Is the Basi! Intent of All Buddhas

    Amitabha+s =undamental ;o' is the basic intention o! all the Buddhas" All Buddhas commend it% urge !aith in it% and s(ecially e:tend its teaching and .alidity beyond the e:tinction o! the )harma"

    “=undamental ;o'# has t'o meanings" ne re!ers to its origins in the causal

    ground -the en.ironment 'here the (ractitioner (ractices/% 'hile the second is

    “(rimary% or root% resolution"# Be!ore becoming a Buddha% a (ractitioner in the causal ground as(ires to bo&hicitta -gaining Buddhahood to sa.e beings/ and

    underta*es the Bodhisatt.a (ractices" Each resolution he or she thus ma*es on behal! o! sentient beings is a !undamental .o'" 7ith re!erence to the causal ground%

    each o! the ;o's Amitabha made !or the sa*e o! beings is a !undamental .o'"

    But in terms o! the root resolution% only the 1> th ;o' is the =undamental ;o'" $here is a relati.e relationshi( bet'een the root and the branches and lea.es" &n this

    res(ect% all the ;o's a(art !rom the 1> th are secondary .o's"

    &n our school o! (ractice% “=undamental ;o'# usually re!ers to the 1> th ;o'%

    rarely the others" $here is a basis !or this"

    7ithin the $hree Pure Land ,utras% the “=undamental ;o'# re!erred to in the

    +n!inite i!e Sutra is the 1> th ;o'" $he sutra contains a “=undamental ;o' atha".

    By the power of the Fundamental Vow, Those who hear the name of Amitabha and want rebirth Will all arrive in his Land of Bliss, Achieving non-retrogression as a matter of course

    $he contents o! the gatha e:(lain the 1> th ;o'"

    Bodhisatt.a 9agar una says in his /ha*ter on the asy ath. %Am&ta'(a

    )u**(a+s ,un*amenta- .o/ &s -&ke t(&s I someone &nvokes me re &tes m name an* takes re u e &n me t(&s erson at on e atta&ns t(e karma o assuran e

  • 8/18/2019 Gaining Buddhahood Through Amitabha-Recitation

    5/48

    ?

    $he “=undamental ;o'# here re!ers to the 1> th ;o' as 'ell% 'ith “recites my

    name and ta*es re!uge in me# being an e:(lication o! the 1> th ;o'" 7e can see that

    Bodhisatt.a 9agar una regards the 1> th ;o' as the =undamental ;o'"

    Bodhisatt.a ;asubandhu+s Treatise on Rebirth in the ure an& and 4aster

    $anluan+s /ommentary on the Treatise on Rebirth in the ure an& also ta*e the 1> th ;o' as the =undamental ;o'" ,ays Treatise on Rebirth. %T(ose /(o en ounter t(e

    o/er o Am&ta'(a+s ,un*amenta- .o/ never ome u em t 9(an*e* u& k- &t u- &--s t(e&r as &rat&on or re'&rt( an* &ves t(em er e t mer&t an* v&rtues as vast

    an* as *ee as t(e o ean

    $he gatha s mention o! “the (o'er o! Amitabha+s =undamental ;o'# is another allusion to the 1> th ;o'"

    ,o in our school% remar*s about “the =undamental ;o'# or “the (o'er o! the

    =undamental ;o'# in.ariably re!er to the 1> th ;o'"

    &n “the basic intent o! all Buddhas%# “basic intent# means “goal"# Buddhas

    a((ear in .arious 'orlds !or the (ur(ose o! deli.ering sentient beings" $here is more

    than a single method o! doing so" As the saying goes% “$he Buddha ga.e a .ariety o! teachings to suit a range o! minds" &! there 'eren+t mani!old mentalities% 'hy 'as

    there the need !or numerous teachings8# Because sentient beings ha.e >

  • 8/18/2019 Gaining Buddhahood Through Amitabha-Recitation

    6/48

    With infinite great compassion, the Tathagata commiserates with the beings of the Three !omains

    Therefore he appears in the world to teach and enlighten them "e wishes to save the multitudes by endowing them with real benefits

    $his e:tract is also *no'n as the “(assage on ,ha*yamuni Buddha+s basic intent !or a((earing in the 'orld%# or the “(assage on all Buddhas+ basic intent !or

    a((earing in the 'orlds"#

    &n the narro' sense% “$athagata# in “'ith in!inite great com(assion% the

    $athagata 6# re!ers to ,ha*yamuni Buddha himsel!" &n a broader sense it means the Buddhas o! the ten directions% and o! the (ast% (resent and !uture" All $athagatas

    and Buddhas (ossess great com(assion o! an indescribable% un!athomable and boundless nature" Because such com(assion e:ists only in Buddhas% it cannot be

    understood by beings belo' the stage o! Bodhisatt.a" $hat+s 'hy it is called “in!inite great com(assion"#

    “Commiserates 'ith the beings o! the $hree )omains# means to ta*e (ity on

    ordinary beings in the $hree )omains and ,i: ealms" $his is 'hy the Buddhas

    a((ear in the 'orld" &! 'e 'ere not tra((ed in the burning house o! the $hree )omains or the sea o! su!!ering in the ,i: ealms% there 'ould be no need !or the

    Buddhas to ta*e (ity on us" &t is (recisely because 'e are alight in the burning mansion and dro'ning in the sea o! su!!ering that their great com(assion arises and

    they come to sa.e us"

    $o deli.er beings% the Buddhas naturally ha.e to teach the )harma% so they

    “teach and enlighten"# $he (ur(ose is to sa.e su!!ering beings and to bring them

    genuine bene!it"

    7ithin the )harma there are e:(edient bene!its and real bene!its" $he

    +n!inite i!e Sutra e:(lains the deli.erance o! Amitabha Buddha+s 1> th ;o'% 'hich con!ers real ultimate bene!its" $here!ore the 1> th ;o' is the !undam