Francisco Goya

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Transcript of Francisco Goya

  • 1.

2. Francisco Goya --------------------- Early Career

  • Initially, a well respected portraitist and genre painter with a Neoclassic style

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  • With the unique vision of a master artist, he uses art to document his world, complete with nightmares
  • He was the first artist to repeatedly render warfare as useless, disgusting and disastrous to all involved

Mid Career 8. 9.

  • His analysis in paint, chalk and ink of mass disaster and human frailty pointed to someone obsessed with the chaos of existence..."
  • From the book onGoyaby Sarah Symmons

10. 11. 12. 13. Prints

  • Replicated cheaply and in great quantity art for the people!
  • Three great sets:
    • Los Caprichos
    • The Disasters of War
    • The Proverbs
  • "[ An] extraordinary mingling of hatred and compassion, despair and sardonic humor, realism and fantasy ."
  • From the foreword by Aldous Huxley toTHE COMPLETE ETCHINGS OF GOYA(1962).

14. Los Caprichos

  • A set of 80 aquatint prints created during the 1790s.
  • AN ARTISTIC EXPERIMENT: a visual voice for his condemnation of the universal follies and foolishness in the society in which he lived. The criticisms are far-ranging and acidic; he speaks against
    • the predominance of superstition,
    • the ignorance and inabilities of the various members of the ruling class, pedagogical short-comings (poor teaching),
    • marital mistakes,
    • and the decline of rationality - among other things.

15. DontScream Silly Goya described the series as depicting " the innumerable foibles andfollies to be found in anycivilized society, and from thecommon prejudices anddeceitful practices whichcustom, ignorance, or self- interest have made usual ".(Linda Simon,The Sleep of Reason) 16. The Sleep of Reason Produces Monsters 17. The Disasters of War

  • Contrary to Romantic and Neoclassic traditions, Goya views of war depict savagery, disgust and depravity
  • war is no longer a heroic enterprise

18. 19. 20. 21. 22. Late Career The Black Paintings

  • Las Pinturas Negras expressive (and definably Romantic in essence) scenes of dark, evil worlds; painted directly to the wall of his manor: La Quinta del Sordo

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