Finding Aid for the Henry Clay Frick Papers, Series IV: Receipts, · PDF file (1885-1891),...

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Transcript of Finding Aid for the Henry Clay Frick Papers, Series IV: Receipts, · PDF file (1885-1891),...


    Repository The Frick Collection/Frick Art Reference Library Archives 10 East 71st Street New York, NY, 10021 © 2010 Frick Collection. All rights reserved.

    Title Henry Clay Frick Papers, Series IV: Receipts

    ID HCFF.1.4

    Date [inclusive] 1900-1926

    Extent 23.4 Linear feet ; 56 boxes

    Abstract Henry Clay Frick (1849-1919), a Pittsburgh industrialist who made his fortune in coke and steel, maintained homes in Pittsburgh, Pa., Prides Crossing, Mass., and New York, N.Y. These receipts document personal and office expenditures of Henry Clay Frick, his family, and staff.

    Preferred Citation

    Henry Clay Frick Papers, Series IV: Receipts. The Frick Collection/Frick Art Reference Library Archives.

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    Henry Clay Frick was born in December 1849, in West Overton, Pa. One of six children, his parents were John W. Frick, a farmer, and Elizabeth Overholt Frick, the daughter of a whiskey distiller and flour merchant. Frick ended his formal education in his late teens, and began work as a clerk at an uncle's store in Mt. Pleasant, Pa. In 1871, Frick borrowed money to purchase a share in a coking concern that would eventually become the H.C. Frick Coke Co. Over the next decade, Frick expanded his business through the acquisition of more coal lands and coke ovens, and joined forces with fellow industrialist Andrew Carnegie in 1882. He assumed the chairmanship of Carnegie Bros. and Co. (later Carnegie Steel Co.) in 1889, and served in that capacity until his resignation from the company in December 1899.

    In December 1881, Frick married Adelaide Howard Childs of Pittsburgh. The couple purchased a house, nicknamed Clayton, in the Homewood section of Pittsburgh, and had four children: Childs Frick (1883-1965), Martha Howard Frick (1885-1891), Helen Clay Frick (1888-1984), and Henry Clay Frick, Jr. (born 1892, died in infancy). After the turn of the century, Frick and his family began dividing their time between Pittsburgh, New York, and Massachusetts. In 1905, Frick leased the Vanderbilt mansion at 640 Fifth Avenue in New York. The family's summer residence, located on Boston's North Shore, was completed in 1906 and christened Eagle Rock. As early as 1907, Frick began planning for a New York residence of his own. That year, he purchased a plot of land at the corner of Fifth Avenue and 70th Street, and in 1912, after the demolition of the Lenox Library formerly on the site, began building the beaux arts mansion which now houses The Frick Collection. Designed by Thomas Hastings of the firm Carrère and Hastings, the family moved into the house at One East Seventieth Street in the fall of 1914, and Henry Clay Frick died there five years later.

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    This series consists primarily of receipted invoices, 1900-1926, for personal and office expenses incurred by Henry Clay Frick, his family, and staff. The receipts encompass a range of goods and services, including groceries, clothing, transportation, medical expenses, club dues and charges, books and subscriptions, utilities, and payroll. These items document expenses at the Frick family's homes in Pittsburgh, Pa., and Prides Crossing, Mass., their residences at 640 Fifth Avenue and 1 East 70th Street in New York, N.Y., and some of the family's travels. Alterations and upkeep of these residences, as well as maintenance and improvement to their grounds are recorded. Expenses incurred after Frick's death in December 1919 were paid by his estate.

    Goods and services documented here were procured through both businesses and individuals , and a brief description of the charge incurred is included with each entry in the finding aid below. Receipts are occasionally accompanied by correspondence, passbooks, or printed material, such as notices, brochures, and pamphlets. Folder contents may range from a single item to several folders of documents. Examples of some of the more voluminous files in this series are grocers (Acker, Merrall and Condit Co.; Childs, Sleeper and Co.; Clark Bros. and Co.; Edw. Treser Co.; Geo. M. Hofmann; John A. Renshaw and Co.; North Shore Fish Co.; and Rowley's Provision Co.), ice (Consolidated Ice Co.), shipping (Adams Express Co., American Express Co.), utilities (Allegheny Light Co. and People's Natural Gas Co.), telephone and telegraph services (New England Telephone and Telegraph Co., New York Telephone Co., Western Union Telegraph Co., Central District and Printing Telegraph Co., and Postal Telegraph-Cable Co.), stationers ( J.R. Weldin and Co. and Stevenson and Foster Co.), and payroll. While most receipts are filed under the service provider, certain employees in the Frick household kept their own accounts and submitted monthly expense summaries, filed here under the employee's surname. These include chauffeur George Despres, coachman James Elmore, gardeners David Fraser and George Wyness, butler Joseph Holroyd, engineer John Holroyd, and private rail car steward L. Perkins.

    This series is not a complete record of all invoices paid by Henry Clay Frick's office and household. In fact, receipts in this series tend to be for smaller expenses, and appear to have been paid through the secretary's account in Frick's Pittsburgh office. Larger expenses were paid through the accounts payable voucher system (see: Henry Clay Frick Papers, Series III: Voucher Files, where additional receipts and invoices can be found).

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    Arranged alphabetically. Personal names are filed by surname; corporate bodies are filed in direct order. Materials may also be filed by subject (e.g. payroll, New York residence, etc.)

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    Access Restrictions

    These records are open for research under the conditions of The Frick Collection/Frick Art Reference Library Archives access policy. Contact the Archives Department for further information at

    Finding Aid for the Henry Clay Frick Papers, Series IV: Receipts, 1900-1926 Part of the Frick Family Papers, on deposit from the Helen Clay Frick Foundation


    Summary Information

    Biographical Note

    Scope and Contents note


    Administrative Information

    Related Materials

    Controlled Access Headings

    Collection Inventory

  • Custodial History

    These files form part of the Frick Family Papers, placed on deposit by the Helen Clay Frick Foundation at The Frick Collection and Frick Art Reference Library. They were received from the Frick Art and Historical Center (Pittsburgh, Pa.) in December 2001.


    On deposit from the Helen Clay Frick Foundation, 2001.

    Processing Information

    Arranged and described by Julie Ludwig, with assistance from Rebecca Brauer, Anne Young, Tiffany Tyau-Wong, and Reed Gochberg, 2004-2010. Funding for processing was provided by the Helen Clay Frick Foundation.

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    Related Materials

    Additional invoices and receipts can be found in the Henry Clay Frick Papers, Series III: Voucher Files, The Frick Collection/Frick Art Reference Library Archives.

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    Financial records. Invoices. Receipts (financial records).

    Personal Name(s)

    Frick, Adelaide Howard Childs, 1859-1931. Frick, Childs, 1883-1965. Frick, Helen Clay, 1888-1984. Frick, Henry Clay, 1849-1919.

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    1 1 A.A. Campbell and Co. (Beverly Farms, Mass.)

    Harness, stable, and automobile supplies

    1912- 1919

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    1 2 A.A. Rutis (Pittsburgh, Pa.)

    Publishers of Greater Pittsburgh Directory of Directors

    1905- 1906

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    1 3 A.A. Vantine and Co. (New York, N.Y.)

    Importers of rugs, silks, and curios

    1905- 1908

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    1 4 A. and S. Wilson Co. (Pittsburgh, Pa.)

    Contractors and builders


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    1 5 A.B. Longacre (Pittsburgh, Pa.)

    Automobiles for hire


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    1 6 A. Barcky (Pittsburgh, Pa.)

    Rare and fancy fruits

    1902- 1914

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    1 7 A. Bondi (Pittsburgh, Pa.)

    Wholesale and retail fruits


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    1 8 A.C. Libby and Sons (Boston, Mass.)


    1902- 1903

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    1 9 A.C. Lunt (Beverly, Mass.)

    Furniture and house furnishings

    1902- 1919

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    1 10 A.C. Stegman and Co. (New York, N.Y.)

    Importers and wholesale grocers

    1906- 1907

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    1 11 A.C. Titus and Co. (Salem, Mass.)

    Interior furnishings

    1903- 1913

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    1 12 A. Dodge and Son Corporation (Beverly, Mass.)

    Hay, straw, grain, and flours

    1913, 1919

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    1 13 A. Dougherty (New York, N.Y.)

    Playing card manufacturer

    1908- 1911

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    1 14 A.G. Breitwieser Co. (Pittsburgh, Pa.)

    Wholesale lumber


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    1 15 A.G. Pratt and Co. (Pittsburgh, Pa.)

    Baseball, athletic, and bicycle goods


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    1 16 1906-

  • A.G. Spalding and Bros. (New York, N.Y.)

    Athletic goods, including golf equipment and bicycles; also automobile repair and storage


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