EXPLORING ON MARS - THE RED PLANET

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EXPLORING ON MARS - THE RED PLANET THE PRESENTATION EXPLAINS THE ESSENTIALS OF MARS, IMPACT CRATERS ON MARS AND THE THE REASON FOR OCCURRENCE, BIGGEST IMPACT CRATERS ON MARS AND THE MODERN INNOVATIONS IN MARS (INCLUDING, MARS MISSIONS, PLANETARY ROVING VEHICLES ON MARS & THEIR HISTORY & COMPARISON AND MARS ORBITER MISSION BY INDIA)

Transcript of EXPLORING ON MARS - THE RED PLANET

  • 1.EXPLORING ON MARS - THE RED PLANETARUNSENAPATHY R 11/6/20131

2. PRESENTATION OUTLINE OBJECTIVES MARS | AT A GLANCE IMPACT CRATERS ON MARS REASON FOR OCCURRENCE BIGGEST CRATERS ON MARS MARS MISSIONS PLANETARY ROVING VEHICLES ON MARS | HISTORY & COMPARISON CONCLUSION REFERENCE11/6/20132 3. OBJECTIVES TO UNDERSTAND THE ESSENTIALS OF MARS TO KNOW ABOUT IMPACT CRATERS ON MARS AND THE REASON FOROCCURRENCE TO DISCUSS ABOUT THE BIGGEST IMPACT CRATERS ON MARS TO COGNIZE THE MODERN INNOVATIONS IN MARS11/6/20133 4. MARS | AT A GLANCE11/6/20134 5. MARS FOURTH PLANET FROM THE SUN | SECOND SMALLEST PLANET IN THE SOLAR SYSTEMNAMED AFTER THE ROMAN GOD OF WARDESCRIBED AS THE RED PLANETTHE IRON OXIDE PREVALENT ON ITS SURFACE GIVES IT A REDDISH APPEARANCE 11/6/2013A TERRESTRIAL PLANET WITH A THIN ATMOSPHERE 5 6. MARS - THE RED PLANETMARS SURFACE IS COMPRISED OF IRONRICH MINERALS (RUST OR OXIDIZE) AND DUST. THE MARTIAN SURFACE IS NOT ALL RUST-COLORED, HOWEVER, BECAUSE DEPENDING ON THE OXIDATION PROCESS, THE MINERALS CAN BE A RANGE OF COLORS FROM BUTTERSCOTCH TO RUST. 11/6/20136 7. MARS LOCATIONMARS11/6/20137 8. MARS FACTS DISTANCE FROM SUN 1.52 TIMES AS FAR AS EARTH TIME TO ORBIT THE SUN ~ 26 EARTH MONTHS ATMOSPHERE ~ MOSTLY CARBON DIOXIDE MARTIAN DAY ~ 24.7 HOURS TEMPERATURE ON THE PLANETS SURFACE HARDLY RISES ABOVEFREEZING POINT11/6/20138 9. EARTH AND MARS | COMPARISON PARTICULARSEARTHMARSRADIUS6378 KM3397 KMDENSITY5515 KG/M33933 KG/M3GRAVITY9.8 M/S23.72 M/S2YEAR365.25 DAYS686.98 DAYSECCENTRICITY0.0170.094DAY24 HOURS24 HR 39 MINOBLIQUITY23.4525.1911/6/20139 10. CONTDTHE LAND AREA OF EARTH IS APPROXIMATELY EQUAL TO THE TOTAL SURFACE OF MARSTHE LAND AREA OF AFRICA IS ABOUT THE SAME AS THE TOTAL SURFACE OF THE MOON11/6/201310 11. MARS | SURFACE FEATURES SURFACE COLOR REDFEATURES IMPACT CRATERS LARGEST VOLCANO IN THE SOLAR SYSTEM (OLYMPUS MONS) LARGEST CANYON IN THE SOLARSYSTEM (VALLES MARINERIS) ANCIENT RIVER CHANNELSVALLES MARINERIS LAVA ROCKS DUST: REDDISH FROM VOLCANIC ROCK11/6/201311 12. MARS | ATMOSPHERE UNBREATHABLE THIN DUSTY, MAKES THE SKY PINKISH, LOTS OF DUST STORMS SURFACE PRESSURE: 1/150TH OF EARTHS(ONLY 5.6 MILLIBARS) COMPOSITION: 95% CO2, 3% N, 1.5% AR, 0.1% O2, 0.03% H2O11/6/201312 13. MOONS OF MARSPHOBOS MARS HAS TWO TINY MOONS NAMED DEIMOS (PANIC) & PHOBOS (FEAR)Deimos THE MOONS ARE IRREGULAR AND VERY SMALL IN SIZE PHOBOS 27X22X18 KM DEIMOS 15X12X10 KM THE MOONS ARE PROBABLY ASTEROIDS CAPTURED BY MARS11/6/201313 14. WATER ON MARS WATER IS THE KEY TO LIFE AS WE KNOW IT THE NORTH AND SOUTH POLES OF MARS ARE COVERED WITH THICK ICE OR FROST SOME ASTRONOMERS ABOUT 100 YEARS AGO THOUGHT THERE WERE CANALS ON MARS DUG BY INTELLIGENT CIVILIZATION SPACE PROBES TO DATE HAVE NOT FOUND ANY TRACES OF CANALS ON MARS11/6/201314 15. IMPACT CRATERS ON MARS11/6/201315 16. IMPACT CRATER IN MARS IS A LARGE HOLE IN THE GROUND CAUSED BY AMETEORITE SMASHING INTO THE SURFACE OF MARS EVERY SOLID BODY IN THE SOLAR SYSTEM SUFFERS FROM THE EFFECTS OF IMPACT CRATERING THE PROJECTILES THAT CAUSE IMPACT CRATERS, TRAVEL AT VERY HIGH SPEEDAND FASTER11/6/201316 17. 11/6/201317 18. TERMINOLOGIES CENTRAL PEAK - A MOUNTAIN FORMED IN THE CENTRE OF LARGE IMPACT CRATERS. THESE DO NOT OCCUR IN SMALL IMPACT CRATERS EJECTA - A SHEET OF MATERIAL (ROCKS, SOIL) SURROUNDING THE CRATER THAT WAS THROWN OUT DURING THE IMPACT EVENT ERODE - THE PROCESS BY WHICH SOMETHING IS WORN AWAY OVER TIME FLOOR - THE FLOOR OF AN IMPACT CRATER (USUALLY EITHER FLAT OR BOWLSHAPED), LYING BELOW THE SURROUNDING GROUND LEVEL IMPACT CRATER - A HOLE IN THE GROUND (USUALLY CIRCULAR) CAUSED BY THE IMPACT OF A METEORITE ONTO THE SURFACE OF A SOLID BODY11/6/201318 19. CONTD METEORITE - A LUMP OF ROCK OR ICE THAT HITS THE SURFACE OF A PLANETARY BODY PROJECTILE - AN OBJECT THAT STRIKES A SURFACE TO PRODUCE AN IMPACT CRATER. THESE CAN INCLUDE DUST PARTICLES, PEBBLES, ROCKS, COMETS AND ASTEROIDS RAISED RIM - THIS IS THE EDGE OF THE IMPACT CRATER AND IS COMPOSED OFROCKS AND MATERIAL PILED UP ON TOP OF ONE ANOTHER RAYS - BRIGHT LINES OF EJECTA COMING FROM AN IMPACT CRATER. THESE CAN EXTEND FOR VAST DISTANCES IN THE CASE OF LARGE IMPACTS TERRACED WALLS - THESE ONLY OCCUR IN LARGE IMPACT CRATERS. AFTERTHE CRATER FORMS, THE WALLS OF THE CRATER SLIP, CREATING HUGE LANDSLIDES INSIDE THE CRATER11/6/201319 20. REASON FOR OCCURRENCE OF IMPACT CRATERS ON MARS11/6/201320 21. FORMED BY A LARGE OBJECT SUCH AS AN ASTEROID OR A COMET WHEN THESE LARGE OBJECTS HIT THE SURFACE THEY FORM HOLES (CRATERS) LATE HEAVY BOMBARDMENT PERIOD OF OUR SOLAR SYSTEM NO ATMOSPHERE TO PROTECT IT FROM ASTEROIDS THAT'S WHY MARS HAS CRATERS11/6/201321 22. PHOTOGRAPHS OF VARIOUS IMPACT CRATERS ON MARS11/6/201322 23. CONTD11/6/201323 24. BIGGEST CRATERS ON MARS11/6/201324 25. BOREALIS BASIN 8,500 KM IN DIAMETER A HUGE 4 BILLION YEAR-OLD IMPACT CRATER11/6/201325 26. CONTDHELLAS BASIN OVER 2,100 KILOMETERS IN DIAMETER AND NINE KILOMETERS DEEP THE HELLAS BASIN ON THE SOUTHERN HEMISPHERE OF MARS IS VERY BIG, AND VERY DEEP11/6/201326 27. CONTDARGYRE BASIN SECOND TO HELLAS IN TERMS OF SIZE. THE MASSIVE ARGYRE BASIN ON THE SOUTHERN HEMISPHERE OF MARS. 1,800 KILOMETRESWIDE AND 5 KM IN DIAMETER11/6/201327 28. MARS MISSIONS11/6/201328 29. NASA - MARS SCIENCE LABORATORY [MSL] CURIOSITY ROVER11/6/201329 30. PHOTOGRAPHS OF CURIOSITY ROVER11/6/201330 31. CONTD11/6/201331 32. CONTD11/6/201332 33. PLANETARY ROVING VEHICLES ON MARS HISTORY & COMPARISON11/6/201333 34. MARINER - MARS (MARINER-4 TOGETHER WITH MARINER-3) OPERATOR NASA MISSION TYPE FLYBY LAUNCH DATE NOVEMBER 28, 196411/6/201334 35. SPIRIT ROVER OPERATOR NASA MISSION TYPE ROVER LAUNCH DATE JUNE 10, 200311/6/201335 36. OPPORTUNITY ROVER OPERATOR NASA MISSION TYPE ROVER LAUNCH DATE JULY 07, 200311/6/201336 37. PHOENIX OPERATOR NASA MISSION TYPE LANDER LAUNCH DATE MAY 25, 200811/6/201337 38. CURIOSITY OPERATOR NASA MISSION TYPE ROVER LAUNCH DATE NOVEMBER 26, 201111/6/201338 39. COMPARISON OF PLANETARY ROVING VEHICLES ON MARS11/6/201339 40. CONTD11/6/201340 41. MARS ORBITER MISSION MARS ORBITER MISSION IS INDIA'S FIRST INTERPLANETARY MISSION TO PLANET MARS WITH AN ORBITER CRAFT DESIGNED TO ORBIT MARS IN AN ELLIPTICAL ORBIT. THE MISSION IS PRIMARILY TECHNOLOGICAL MISSION CONSIDERING THE CRITICAL MISSION OPERATIONS AND STRINGENT REQUIREMENTS ON PROPULSION AND OTHER BUS SYSTEMS OF SPACECRAFT. SUCCESSFULLLY LAUNCHED ON 5 NOVEMBER 2013, 09:08 UTC IN PSLV-XL C25 ROCKET FROM SATISH DHAWAN SPACE CENTRE (SDSC)11/6/201341 42. MARS ORBITER MISSION LAUNCH IMAGES11/6/201342 43. CONCLUSION A BASIC OUTLINE TO IMPACT CRATERS IS DISCUSSED IMPACT CRATERS ON MARS AND THE REASON FOR OCCURRENCE WERE DELIBERATED MODERN INNOVATIONS IN MARS WERE CONFERRED11/6/201343 44. REFERENCES [1] T. BARATA, E. I. ALVES, J. SARAIVA, AND P. PINA, AUTOMATIC RECOGNITION OF IMPACT CRATERS ON THE SURFACE OF MARS, IMAGE ANALYSIS ANDRECOGNITION, VOL. 3212, LECTURE NOTES IN COMPUTER SCIENCE. NEWYORK: PRINGER-VERLAG, 2004, PP. 489496.[2] TEN BIGGEST IMPACT CRATERS IN THE SOLAR SYSTEM BY SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY FEATURE STORIES[3] TEANBY, N.A., WOOKEY, J., SEISMIC DETECTION OF METEORITE IMPACTS ON MARS, PHYSICS OF THE EARTH AND PLANETARY INTERIORS (2010), DOI:10.1016 / J.PEPI.2011.03.004 [4] http://www.isro.org/pslv-c25/mission.aspx 11/6/201344 45. THANK YOUCONTACT DETAILSARUNSENAPATHY R | PROJECT ASSOCIATE PLANETARY SCIENCES AND EXPLORATION PROGRAMME | PLANEX DIVISION PHYSICAL RESEARCH LABORATORY | A UNIT OF DEPT. OF SPACE, GOVT. OF INDIA NAVRANGPURA | AHMEDABAD | 380 009 | INDIA | www.prl.res.in MOBILE +91-9558549700 | E-MAIL senaarun@prl.res.in (OFFICIAL) | senaarun@gmail.com (PERSONAL)11/6/201345