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Elements of Art

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  • Elements of Art

  • ▶Elements are the building blocks or the ingredients of art.

    Elements of Art

  • ▶ Line is a mark with greater length than width.

    ▶ It is a mark with length and direction.

    ▶ It is a continuous mark made on a surface by a moving point.

    Line – Element #1

  • ▶ There are five types of lines.◦Vertical◦Horizontal◦Diagonal◦Curved◦Zig-zag

  • Vertical Lines

    ▶ Vertical lines are lines that move up and down.

    ▶ In a work of art, these lines show dignity, formality and strength.

  • Horizontal Lines▶ Horizontal lines are lines

    that run parallel to the ground.

    ▶ When used in a work of art, they make the viewer feel comfortable, calm, relaxed, peaceful and  quiet.

  • Vertical and Horizontal Lines▶ Horizontal and vertical

    lines used in combination communicate stability and solidity. Rectilinear forms with 90-degree angles are structurally stable. This stability suggests permanence and reliability.

  • Diagonal Lines

    ▶ Diagonal lines are lines that slant.

    ▶ When used in a work of art, they show motion, action or excitement.

  • Curved Lines▶ Curved lines are lines that

    change directions gradually.

    ▶ In a work of art, they express movement in a graceful flowing manner.

  • Zig-Zag Lines▶ Zig-zag lines are lines that

    are made by combining diagonal lines that change direction.

    ▶ These lines in a work of art cause confusion or suggest action or excitement.

  • ▶ The quality is determined by the tool that the artist uses and the motion of the artist[‘s hand.

    Lines have Quality and Thickness

  • ▶The Thickness is how dark and heavy the line appears.

  • ▶Shape is a closed line. ▶Shapes can be geometric, like

    squares and circles; or organic, like free-form or natural shapes.

    Shape – Element #2

  • ▶Shapes are flat and can express length and width.

    ▶They are two dimensional.


  • Geometric or Non-organic▶ Squares, rectangles,

    circles, polygons and etc. are geometric or non-organic shapes.

  • Organic Shapes

    ▶Organic shapes are free-form or natural shapes.

  • ▶ Form is a three dimensional object.

    ▶ Form is also something in a two dimensional artwork that appears to be three dimensional.

    Form – Element #3

  • ▶ For example, a triangle, which is two dimensional, is a shape; whereas, a pyramid, which is three dimensional, is a form.


  • ▶The lightness or darkness of tones or colors.

    ▶White is the lightest value; black is the darkest.

    ▶The value halfway between these extremes is called middle gray.

    Value – Element #4

  • ▶An element of art made up of three properties: hue, value, and intensity.

    Color – Element #5

  • ▶ Hue: name of color

    ▶ Value: hue’s lightness and darkness (a color’s value changes when white or black is added)

    ▶ Intensity: quality of brightness and purity ⚫ high intensity= color is strong and bright;⚫ low intensity=color is faint and dull

  • ▶An element of art by which positive and negative areas are defined or a sense of depth achieved in a work of art .

    Space – Element #6

  • ▶An element of art that refers to the way things feel, or look as if they might feel if touched.

    Texture – Element #7